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Showing 61 to 75 of 81 results Save | Export
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Overton, Tina L.; Potter, Nicholas M. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2011
Much research has been carried out on how students solve algorithmic and structured problems in chemistry. This study is concerned with how students solve open-ended, ill-defined problems in chemistry. Over 200 undergraduate chemistry students solved a number of open-ended problem in groups and individually. The three cognitive variables of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Chemistry, Short Term Memory, Problem Solving
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Taagepera, Mare; Arasasingham, Ramesh D.; King, Susan; Potter, Frank; Martorell, Ingrid; Ford, David; Wu, Jason; Kearney, Aaron M. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2011
We report a comparative study using "knowledge space theory" (KAT) to assess the impact of a hands-on laboratory exercise that used molecular model kits to emphasize the connections between a plane of symmetry, Charity, and isomerism in an introductory organic chemistry course. The experimental design compared three groups of…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, Hands on Science, Science Laboratories, Science Instruction
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Padilla, Kira; Van Driel, Jan – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2011
The purpose of this paper is to capture the pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) of university professors about quantum chemistry. More specifically, we aimed to identify and analyze relationships between specific PCK components, using an adapted version of the model of PCK of Magnusson "et al.". A sample of university professors (n = 6)…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Knowledge Base for Teaching, College Faculty
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Talanquer, Vincente; Pollard, John – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2010
Despite multiple calls for reform, the curriculum for first-year college chemistry at many universities across the world is still mostly fact-based and encyclopedic, built upon a collection of isolated topics, oriented too much towards the perceived needs of chemistry majors, focused too much on abstract concepts and algorithmic problem solving,…
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Chemistry, Problem Solving, Educational Change
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Holme, Thomas; Bretz, Stacey Lowery; Cooper, Melanie; Lewis, Jennifer; Paek, Pamela; Pienta, Norbert; Stacy, Angelica; Stevens, Ron; Towns, Marcy – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2010
The role of assessment in the chemistry classroom is ultimately tied to the nature of the assessments available for use. Because they provide data that can inform decisions about curricular changes, or new pedagogies, the incorporation of new assessment strategies can play an important role in how educational and curriculum reform is carried out.…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Student Problems, Instructional Innovation, Chemistry
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Marks, Ralf; Eilks, Ingo – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2010
A case is described of the development of a lesson plan for 10th grade (age range 15-16) chemistry classes on the chemistry of shower gels. The lesson plan follows a socio-critical and problem-oriented approach to chemistry teaching. This means that, aside from learning about the basic chemistry of the components making up modern shower gels in…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Lesson Plans, Action Research, Questionnaires
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Kraft, Adam; Strickland, Amanda M.; Bhattacharyya, Gautam – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2010
In order to understand how students approach multi-variate problems, we report a study on the cues organic chemistry graduate students perceive from mechanism tasks, and the reasoning processes induced by those cues. We used the think-aloud protocol in interviews with sixteen graduate students as they worked on two types of tasks: one, in which…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, Problem Solving, Graduate Students, Cues
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Raker, Jeffrey R.; Towns, Marcy H. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2010
Investigations of the problem types used in college-level general chemistry examinations have been reported in this Journal and were first reported in the "Journal of Chemical Education" in 1924. This study extends the findings from general chemistry to the problems of four college-level organic chemistry courses. Three problem…
Descriptors: Benchmarking, Organic Chemistry, Science Instruction, College Science
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Stamovlasis, Dimitrios – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2010
The aim of the present paper is two-fold. First, it attempts to support previous findings on the role of some psychometric variables, such as, M-capacity, the degree of field dependence-independence, logical thinking and the mobility-fixity dimension, on students' achievement in chemistry problem solving. Second, the paper aims to raise some…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Problem Solving, Robustness (Statistics), Multiple Regression Analysis
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Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Treagust, David F.; Waldrip, Bruce G.; Chandrasegaran, Antonia – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2009
A qualitative case study was conducted to investigate the understanding of the limiting reagent concept and the strategies used by five Year 11 students when solving four reaction stoichiometry problems. Students' written problem-solving strategies were studied using the think-aloud protocol during problem-solving, and retrospective verbalisations…
Descriptors: Stoichiometry, Protocol Analysis, Chemistry, Problem Solving
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Crippen, Kent J.; Brooks, David W. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2009
The case for chemistry instruction based on worked examples is presented, using a contemporary model of human learning. We begin by detailing human cognitive architecture and outlining the Interactive Compensatory Model of Learning (ICML). Through the ICML, the role of motivation, deliberate practice and feedback are detailed as key variables in…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Epistemology, Learning Activities
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Cheung, Derek – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2009
Secondary school chemistry teachers' understanding of chemical equilibrium was investigated through interviews using the think-aloud technique. The interviews were conducted with twelve volunteer chemistry teachers in Hong Kong. Their teaching experience ranged from 3 to 18 years. They were asked to predict what would happen to the equilibrium…
Descriptors: Protocol Analysis, Chemistry, Problem Solving, Foreign Countries
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Devetak, Iztok; Lorber, Erna Drofenik; Jurisevic, Mojca; Glazar, Sasa A. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2009
This study explored the differences between eight-year elementary school pupils (before the curriculum reform) and nine-year elementary school pupils (soon after the curriculum reform) in Slovenia, as regards specific chemistry knowledge and motivation to learn chemistry. Altogether, 191 elementary school pupils participated in the study. The…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Chemistry, Science Education
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Cooper, Melanie M.; Sandi-Urena, Santiago; Stevens, Ron – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2008
Metacognition is fundamental in achieving understanding of chemistry and developing of problem solving skills. This paper describes an across-method-and-time instrument designed to assess the use of metacognition in chemistry problem solving. This multi method instrument combines a self report, namely the Metacognitive Activities Inventory…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Problem Solving, Metacognition, Skill Development
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Overton, Tina; Potter, Nicholas – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2008
Problem solving is an essential skill for undergraduate chemists to acquire. Many problem solving activities encountered on undergraduate programmes are algorithmic, and require lower order cognitive skills to be applied in order to reach a solution. We have developed a number of open-ended problems that use a real life context and require the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Problem Solving, Chemistry, Undergraduate Students
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