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Rodriguez, Jon-Marc G.; Bain, Kinsey; Hux, Nicholas P.; Towns, Marcy H. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
Problem solving is a critical feature of highly quantitative physical science topics, such as chemical kinetics. In order to solve a problem, students must cue into relevant features, ignore irrelevant features, and choose among potential problem-solving approaches. However, what is considered appropriate or productive for problem solving is…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Problem Solving, Chemistry, Kinetics
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Repice, Michelle D.; Sawyer, R. Keith; Hogrebe, Mark C.; Brown, Patrick L.; Luesse, Sarah B.; Gealy, Daniel J.; Frey, Regina F. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2016
Increasingly, studies are investigating the factors that influence student discourse in science courses, and specifically the mechanisms and discourse processes within small groups, to better understand the learning that takes place as students work together. This paper contributes to a growing body of research by analyzing how students engage in…
Descriptors: Small Group Instruction, Peer Teaching, Qualitative Research, Protocol Analysis
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Randles, C. A.; Overton, T. L. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2015
This paper describes the results of a qualitative study using ground theory to investigate the different approaches used by chemists when answering open-ended problems. The study involved undergraduate, industrialist and academic participants who individually answered three open-ended problems using a think aloud protocol. Open-ended problems are…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Undergraduate Students, Problem Solving, Expertise
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Broman, Karolina; Parchmann, Ilka – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2014
Context-based learning approaches have been implemented in school science over the last 40 years as a way to enhance students' interest in, as well as learning outcomes from, science. Contexts are used to connect science with the students' lives and to provide a frame in which concepts can be learned and applied on a…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Scientific Concepts
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Flynn, Alison B. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2014
Organic chemistry has the long-standing reputation as a challenging course, and organic synthesis is an aspect of organic chemistry that requires students to make the most links between concepts and requires the highest order of thinking. One-on-one interviews were conducted with students from a second undergraduate organic chemistry course in…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Organic Chemistry, Problem Solving, Protocol Analysis
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Overton, Tina; Potter, Nicholas; Leng, Christopher – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2013
This paper describes the outcomes of a qualitative investigation into the range of different approaches that students use to solve open-ended, context rich problems. The study involved a small cohort of students individually solving open-ended, context-rich problems using a think aloud protocol. The problems required the students to develop a…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Problem Solving, Qualitative Research, Protocol Analysis
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Gulacar, Ozcan; Overton, Tina L.; Bowman, Charles R.; Fynewever, Herb – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2013
A coding scheme is presented and used to evaluate solutions of seventeen students working on twenty five stoichiometry problems in a think-aloud protocol. The stoichiometry problems are evaluated as a series of sub-problems (e.g., empirical formulas, mass percent, or balancing chemical equations), and the coding scheme was used to categorize each…
Descriptors: Stoichiometry, Protocol Analysis, Chemistry, Science Instruction
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Madden, Sean P.; Jones, Loretta L.; Rahm, Jrene – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2011
This study examined the representational competence of students as they solved problems dealing with the temperature-pressure relationship for ideal gases. Seven students enrolled in a first-semester general chemistry course and two advanced undergraduate science majors participated in the study. The written work and transcripts from videotaped…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Advanced Students, Heuristics, Chemistry
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Kraft, Adam; Strickland, Amanda M.; Bhattacharyya, Gautam – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2010
In order to understand how students approach multi-variate problems, we report a study on the cues organic chemistry graduate students perceive from mechanism tasks, and the reasoning processes induced by those cues. We used the think-aloud protocol in interviews with sixteen graduate students as they worked on two types of tasks: one, in which…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, Problem Solving, Graduate Students, Cues
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Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Treagust, David F.; Waldrip, Bruce G.; Chandrasegaran, Antonia – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2009
A qualitative case study was conducted to investigate the understanding of the limiting reagent concept and the strategies used by five Year 11 students when solving four reaction stoichiometry problems. Students' written problem-solving strategies were studied using the think-aloud protocol during problem-solving, and retrospective verbalisations…
Descriptors: Stoichiometry, Protocol Analysis, Chemistry, Problem Solving
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Cheung, Derek – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2009
Secondary school chemistry teachers' understanding of chemical equilibrium was investigated through interviews using the think-aloud technique. The interviews were conducted with twelve volunteer chemistry teachers in Hong Kong. Their teaching experience ranged from 3 to 18 years. They were asked to predict what would happen to the equilibrium…
Descriptors: Protocol Analysis, Chemistry, Problem Solving, Foreign Countries