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Rodriguez, Jon-Marc G.; Bain, Kinsey; Hux, Nicholas P.; Towns, Marcy H. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
Problem solving is a critical feature of highly quantitative physical science topics, such as chemical kinetics. In order to solve a problem, students must cue into relevant features, ignore irrelevant features, and choose among potential problem-solving approaches. However, what is considered appropriate or productive for problem solving is…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Problem Solving, Chemistry, Kinetics
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Hill, Michelle A.; Overton, Tina L.; Thompson, Christopher D.; Kitson, Russell R. A.; Coppo, Paolo – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
Employers of chemistry graduates are seeking a range of transferable skills from prospective employees, and academics are increasingly seeking to build employability skill development opportunities into the undergraduate curriculum. However, research suggests that undergraduates do not recognise or value such skill development without prompting.…
Descriptors: Chemistry, College Science, Undergraduate Students, Science Process Skills
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DeCocq, Victoria; Bhattacharyya, Gautam – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
We report our qualitative study of twenty-four students enrolled in the second-semester of a second-year undergraduate (sophomore-level) organic chemistry course, Organic Two. We asked the research participants to propose the product and electron-pushing mechanism of elementary mechanistic steps in the absence and presence of the corresponding…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, Undergraduate Students, College Science, Teaching Methods
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Chen, Ya-Chun; Wilson, Kimberley; Lin, Huann-shyang – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
Systems thinking has been an educational priority for more than a decade, yet its related assessment and teaching strategies have been understudied in the chemistry education research community. Through the lens of systems thinking, this study explores how undergraduate students connect and translate their conceptual representations when they are…
Descriptors: College Science, Chemistry, Problem Solving, Systems Approach
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Sevian, Hannah; Couture, Steven – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
Problem solving is lauded as beneficial, but students do not all learn well by solving problems. Using the resources framework, Tuminaro J., and Redish E. F., (2007), Elements of a cognitive model of physics problem solving: Epistemic games, "Physical Review Special Topics-Physics Education Research," 3(2), 020101 suggested that, for…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Physics, Science Instruction, Educational Games
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Eren-Sisman, E. N.; Cigdemoglu, C.; Geban, O. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
This study aims to compare the effectiveness of a Peer-Led Team Learning (PLTL) model with that of traditional college instruction (TCI) in enhancing the conceptual understanding and reducing both the state anxiety and social anxiety of undergraduate engineering students in a general chemistry course in a quasi-experimental design. 128 engineering…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Anxiety, Engineering Education, Quasiexperimental Design
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Stanich, Cynthia A.; Pelch, Michael A.; Theobald, Elli J.; Freeman, Scott – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
To help students who traditionally underperform in general chemistry, we created a supplementary instruction (SI) course and called it the STEM-Dawgs Workshops. These workshops are an extension of the Peer-led Team Learning (PLTL) SI. In addition to peer-facilitated problem-solving, we incorporated two components inspired by learning sciences: (1)…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, STEM Education, Workshops
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Weinrich, M. L.; Sevian, H. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2017
Students often struggle with solving mechanism problems in organic chemistry courses. They frequently focus on surface features, have difficulty attributing meaning to symbols, and do not recognize tasks that are different from the exact tasks practiced. To be more successful, students need to be able to extract salient features, map similarities…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Organic Chemistry, Problem Solving, Scientific Concepts
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Moon, A.; Stanford, C.; Cole, R.; Towns, M. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2016
Recent science education reform efforts have emphasized scientific practices in addition to scientific knowledge. Less work has been done at the tertiary level to consider students' engagement in scientific practices. In this work, we consider physical chemistry students' engagement in argumentation and construction of causal explanations.…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Chemistry, Video Technology, Thermodynamics
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Kostic, V. Dj.; Jovanovic, V. P. Stankov; Sekulic, T. M.; Takaci, Dj. B. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2016
Problem solving in the field of quantitative composition of solutions (QCS), expressed as mass share and molar concentration, is essential for chemistry students. Since successful chemistry education is based on different mathematical contents, it is important to be proficient in both mathematical and chemistry concepts as well as interconnections…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Chemistry, Science Instruction, Mathematical Concepts
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Irby, Stefan M.; Phu, Andy L.; Borda, Emily J.; Haskell, Todd R.; Steed, Nicole; Meyer, Zachary – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2016
There is much agreement among chemical education researchers that expertise in chemistry depends in part on the ability to coordinate understanding of phenomena on three levels: macroscopic (observable), sub-microscopic (atoms, molecules, and ions) and symbolic (chemical equations, graphs, etc.). We hypothesize this "level-coordination…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Formative Evaluation, Graduate Students, College Students
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Graulich, Nicole – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2015
Organic chemistry education is one of the youngest research areas among all chemistry related research efforts, and its published scholarly work has become vibrant and diverse over the last 15 years. Research on problem-solving behavior, students' use of the arrow-pushing formalism, the investigation of students' conceptual knowledge and…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts, Problem Solving
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Cavalli, G.; Hamerton, I.; Lygo-Baker, S. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2015
Following collaboration between two chemistry lecturers and an academic developer an attempt was made to enhance the learning of students within a chemistry module through the adaptation of the delivery of content material. This paper reports a piece of practitioner led research which considered how effective the approach developed was upon the…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Plastics, Interdisciplinary Approach
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Sevian, H.; Bernholt, S.; Szteinberg, G. A.; Auguste, S.; Pérez, L. C. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2015
A perspective is presented on how the representation mapping framework by Hahn and Chater (1998) may be used to characterize reasoning during problem solving in chemistry. To provide examples for testing the framework, an exploratory study was conducted with students and professors from three different courses in the middle of the undergraduate…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Problem Solving, Undergraduate Study
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Bhattacharyya, Gautam – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2014
The skill of proposing mechanisms of reactions using the electron-pushing formalism (EPF) is not only of value to practicing organic chemists but it is also emphasized to students enrolled in organic chemistry courses at all levels. Several research studies in the past decade have documented the difficulties that undergraduate, and even graduate…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, College Science, Student Problems, Problem Solving
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