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Pavlin, Jerneja; Glazar, Sasa A.; Slapnicar, Miha; Devetak, Iztok – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
The purpose of this paper is to explore and explain students' achievements in solving context-based gas exercises comprising the macroscopic and submicroscopic levels of chemical concepts. The influence of specific variables, such as interest in learning, formal-reasoning abilities, and visualisation abilities, is a significant factor that should…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Education, Educational Background, Science Interests
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Sevian, Hannah; Couture, Steven – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
Problem solving is lauded as beneficial, but students do not all learn well by solving problems. Using the resources framework, Tuminaro J., and Redish E. F., (2007), Elements of a cognitive model of physics problem solving: Epistemic games, "Physical Review Special Topics-Physics Education Research," 3(2), 020101 suggested that, for…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Physics, Science Instruction, Educational Games
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Segedinac, M. T.; Horvat, S.; Rodic, D. D.; Roncevic, T. N.; Savic, G. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
This paper proposes a novel application of knowledge space theory for identifying discrepancies between the knowledge structure that experts expect students to have and the real knowledge structure that students demonstrate on tests. The proposed approach combines two methods of constructing knowledge spaces. The expected knowledge space is…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Chemistry, Knowledge Level, Problem Solving
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Ouasri, Ali – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2017
This paper investigates the difficulties that Moroccan pupils (18-19) of the second Baccalaureate year encountered in solving chemical equilibrium problems relating to ethanoate ions' reactivity with water and methanoic acid, and to copper-aluminum cells. The pupils were asked to provide answers to questions derived from two problems. The…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Late Adolescents, Chemistry, Science Instruction
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Matijaševic, Igor; Korolija, Jasminka N.; Mandic, Ljuba M. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2016
This paper describes the results achieved by high school seniors on an item which involves translation of the equation P = kT into a corresponding pictorial external representation. The majority of students (the classes of 2011, 2012 and 2013) did not give the correct answer to the multiple choice part of the translation item. They chose pictorial…
Descriptors: High School Seniors, Multiple Choice Tests, Interviews, Misconceptions
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Irby, Stefan M.; Phu, Andy L.; Borda, Emily J.; Haskell, Todd R.; Steed, Nicole; Meyer, Zachary – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2016
There is much agreement among chemical education researchers that expertise in chemistry depends in part on the ability to coordinate understanding of phenomena on three levels: macroscopic (observable), sub-microscopic (atoms, molecules, and ions) and symbolic (chemical equations, graphs, etc.). We hypothesize this "level-coordination…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Formative Evaluation, Graduate Students, College Students
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Broman, Karolina; Parchmann, Ilka – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2014
Context-based learning approaches have been implemented in school science over the last 40 years as a way to enhance students' interest in, as well as learning outcomes from, science. Contexts are used to connect science with the students' lives and to provide a frame in which concepts can be learned and applied on a…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Scientific Concepts
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Avramiotis, Spyridon; Tsaparlis, Georgios – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2013
This study is concerned with the effects of computer simulations of two novel chemistry problems on the problem solving ability of students. A control-experimental group, equalized by pair groups (n[subscript Exp] = n[subscript Ctrl] = 78), research design was used. The students had no previous experience of chemical practical work. Student…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Chemistry, Computer Simulation, Experimental Groups
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Stamovlasis, Dimitrios – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2010
The aim of the present paper is two-fold. First, it attempts to support previous findings on the role of some psychometric variables, such as, M-capacity, the degree of field dependence-independence, logical thinking and the mobility-fixity dimension, on students' achievement in chemistry problem solving. Second, the paper aims to raise some…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Problem Solving, Robustness (Statistics), Multiple Regression Analysis
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Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Treagust, David F.; Waldrip, Bruce G.; Chandrasegaran, Antonia – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2009
A qualitative case study was conducted to investigate the understanding of the limiting reagent concept and the strategies used by five Year 11 students when solving four reaction stoichiometry problems. Students' written problem-solving strategies were studied using the think-aloud protocol during problem-solving, and retrospective verbalisations…
Descriptors: Stoichiometry, Protocol Analysis, Chemistry, Problem Solving
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Crippen, Kent J.; Brooks, David W. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2009
The case for chemistry instruction based on worked examples is presented, using a contemporary model of human learning. We begin by detailing human cognitive architecture and outlining the Interactive Compensatory Model of Learning (ICML). Through the ICML, the role of motivation, deliberate practice and feedback are detailed as key variables in…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Epistemology, Learning Activities
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Cheung, Derek – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2009
Secondary school chemistry teachers' understanding of chemical equilibrium was investigated through interviews using the think-aloud technique. The interviews were conducted with twelve volunteer chemistry teachers in Hong Kong. Their teaching experience ranged from 3 to 18 years. They were asked to predict what would happen to the equilibrium…
Descriptors: Protocol Analysis, Chemistry, Problem Solving, Foreign Countries
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Marks, Ralf; Bertram, Stefanie; Eilks, Ingo – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2008
This paper discusses a chemistry lesson plan on potato crisps for 10th grade (age range 15-16) chemistry classes in Germany. The lesson plan focuses on the discussion about low-fat and low-carb diets as they are presented in everyday media such as TV or newspapers in Germany. The discussion follows a socio-critical and problem-oriented approach to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 10, Chemistry, Teaching Methods