ERIC Number: EJ1220954
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Application and Testing of a Framework for Characterizing the Quality of Scientific Reasoning in Chemistry Students' Writing on Ocean Acidification
Moon, Alena; Moeller, Robert; Gere, Anne Ruggles; Shultz, Ginger V.
Chemistry Education Research and Practice, v20 n3 p484-494 Jul 2019
Science educators recognize the need to teach scientific ways of knowing and reasoning in addition to scientific knowledge. However, characterizing and assessing scientific ways of knowing and reasoning is challenging. Writing-to-learn offers one way of eliciting and supporting students' reasoning; further, writing serves to externalize and make traceable students' reasoning. For this reason, it is a useful formative assessment of scientific reasoning. The utility hinges on researchers' ability to understand what students can do and think from their writing. Given the challenges in assessing students' writing, this research offers an adapted framework for assessing students' scientific reasoning evident in writing. This work will introduce an adapted framework and show an application to general chemistry students' argumentative writing about ocean acidification. We provide evidence that this framework can be used to validly estimate the quality of students' reasoning. We argue that this framework offers some affordances that overcome challenges reported in the literature. It serves to define scientific reasoning in a domain-general way by breaking it down into its components, but in a way that can produce a composite score that tells us about how students reason using chemistry content. Further, the framework provides a way to characterize the scientific accuracy of students' reasoning that can inform instructors' treatment of alternative conceptions.
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, College Science, Science Education, Chemistry, Science Process Skills, Writing (Composition), Oceanography, Scientific Concepts, Student Evaluation, Writing Evaluation, Thinking Skills, Persuasive Discourse, Affordances, Essays
Royal Society of Chemistry. Thomas Graham House, Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge, CB4 0WF, UK. Tel: +44-1223 420066; Fax: +44-1223 423623; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.rsc.org/cerp
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: DUE1524967