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Kararo, Alex T.; Colvin, Rachel A.; Cooper, Melanie M.; Underwood, Sonia M. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
The relationship between chemical structure and physical and chemical properties is essential to chemistry. Studies have shown that students have difficulty using structural representations to predict properties, which is not surprising because of the sequence of inferences that are required for sense-making. However, obtaining a nuanced model of…
Descriptors: Prediction, Introductory Courses, Chemistry, Science Instruction
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Ramnarain, Umesh; Ramaila, Sam – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
This study investigated the self-efficacy of first-year Chemistry students at a South African university. The research involved a quantitative survey of 333 students using the College Chemistry Self-Efficacy Scale (CCSS) developed by Uzuntiryaki and Capa Aydin (2009). Descriptive statistics on data for the CCSS scales suggested that students have…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Self Efficacy, College Freshmen, Science Instruction
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Austin, Ara C.; Hammond, Nicholas B.; Barrows, Nathan; Gould, Deena L.; Gould, Ian R. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
A central tenet of self-regulated learning theories is that students are motivated towards learning in order to self-regulate. It is thus important to identify student motivations in order to inform efforts to improve instructional strategies that encourage self-regulation. Here we describe a study aimed at characterizing the important motivation…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Outcomes of Education, Organic Chemistry, Science Instruction
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Günter, Tugçe; Alpat, Sibel Kilinç – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2017
This study investigates the effects of problem-based learning (PBL) on students' academic achievements in studying "Electrochemistry" within a course on Analytical Chemistry. The research was of a pretest-posttest control group quasi-experimental design and it was conducted with second year students in the Chemistry Teaching Program at…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Science Achievement, Quasiexperimental Design
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Current, Kelley; Kowalske, Megan Grunert – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2016
There has been increased interest in the transformation of post-secondary level instructional practices in STEM from more traditional to evidence-based practices that are more aligned with how learning occurs. Research has shown that instructional practices are linked to student learning outcomes even when content is unchanged; therefore,…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Chemistry, Teaching Assistants, Graduate Students
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Nagel, Megan L.; Lindsey, Beth A. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2015
This paper describes an interdisciplinary investigation of students' usage of ideas about energy from physics in the context of introductory chemistry. We focus on student understanding of the idea that potential energy is a function of distance between interacting objects, a concept relevant to understanding potential energy in both physical and…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Physics, Chemistry, Energy
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Austin, Ara C.; Ben-Daat, Hagit; Zhu, Mary; Atkinson, Robert; Barrows, Nathan; Gould, Ian R. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2015
Student performance in general organic chemistry courses is determined by a wide range of factors including cognitive ability, motivation and cultural capital. Previous work on cognitive factors has tended to focus on specific areas rather than exploring performance across all problem types and cognitive skills. In this study, we have categorized…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, Science Achievement, Science Instruction, Cognitive Ability
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Velasco, Jonathan B.; Stains, Marilyne – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2015
It has been established that both tutors and tutees gain from tutoring sessions. However, tutors' benefits may be enhanced or limited depending on the type of behaviours they perform during the tutoring sessions. Although behaviours enhancing both tutor and tutee learning can be promoted by training, generalized tutor training models that are…
Descriptors: College Science, Science Instruction, Graduate Study, Correlation
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Rau, Martina A. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2015
Multiple representations are ubiquitous in chemistry education. To benefit from multiple representations, students have to make connections between them. However, connection making is a difficult task for students. Prior research shows that supporting connection making enhances students' learning in math and science domains. Most prior research…
Descriptors: College Science, Undergraduate Study, Correlation, Concept Formation
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Pazicni, Samuel; Bauer, Christopher F. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2014
The Dunning-Kruger effect is a cognitive bias that plagues a particular population of students--the unskilled. This population suffers from illusory competence, as determined by inaccurate ratings of their own ability/performance. These mistakenly high self-ratings (i.e. ''illusions of competence'') are typically explained by a metacognitive…
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Chemistry, Science Instruction, College Science
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Siweya, Hlengani J.; Letsoalo, Peter – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2014
This study investigated whether formative assessment is a predictor of summative assessment in a university first-year chemistry class. The sample comprised a total of 1687 first-year chemistry students chosen from the 2011 and 2012 cohorts. Both simple and multiple linear regression (SLR and MLR) techniques were applied to perform the primary aim…
Descriptors: Formative Evaluation, Chemistry, Science Instruction, Summative Evaluation
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Gulacar, Ozcan; Bowman, Charles R. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2014
If the goal of teaching is to help students understand a subject, teaching cannot begin until student difficulties with a subject are understood. In order to create a guide for assessing student difficulties with chemistry material, students were asked to rate exam questions on three factors: problem difficulty, familiarity, and self-confidence.…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Comparative Analysis, College Students, College Faculty
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Li, Wei-Ting; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2013
The purpose of this research was to examine the relationships between conceptions of learning and approaches to learning in chemistry. Two questionnaires, conceptions of learning chemistry (COLC) and approaches to learning chemistry (ALC), were developed to identify 369 college chemistry-major students' (220 males and 149 females) conceptions of…
Descriptors: College Science, Chemistry, Majors (Students), Student Attitudes
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Pyburn, Daniel T.; Pazicni, Samuel; Benassi, Victor A.; Tappin, Elizabeth E. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2013
Few studies have focused specifically on the role that language plays in learning chemistry. We report here an investigation into the ability of language comprehension measures to predict performance in university introductory chemistry courses. This work is informed by theories of language comprehension, which posit that high-skilled…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Education, College Students, College Science
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Gulacar, Ozcan; Overton, Tina L.; Bowman, Charles R.; Fynewever, Herb – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2013
A coding scheme is presented and used to evaluate solutions of seventeen students working on twenty five stoichiometry problems in a think-aloud protocol. The stoichiometry problems are evaluated as a series of sub-problems (e.g., empirical formulas, mass percent, or balancing chemical equations), and the coding scheme was used to categorize each…
Descriptors: Stoichiometry, Protocol Analysis, Chemistry, Science Instruction
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