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Rodriguez, Jon-Marc G.; Bain, Kinsey; Towns, Marcy H.; Elmgren, Maja; Ho, Felix M. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
Graphical representations are an important tool used to model abstract processes in fields such as chemistry. Successful interpretation of a graph involves a combination of mathematical expertise and discipline-specific content to reason about the relationship between the variables and to describe the phenomena represented. In this work, we…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Logic, Integrated Curriculum, Student Attitudes
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Adbo, Karina; Carulla, Clara Vidal – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
This study focuses on the design of play-based learning activities for chemistry in preschool. Viewing chemistry as a part of our past and present culture instead of as a subject, provides the backdrop for a more holistic approach to chemistry within this specific environment. A cultural-historical perspective, together with scaffolding, emergent…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Play, Science Activities, Learning Activities
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Nimmermark, Anders; Ohrstrom, Lars; Mårtensson, Jerker; Davidowitz, Bette – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2016
Almost 700 Swedish and South African students from the upper secondary school and first-term chemistry university level responded to our survey on concepts of chemical bonding. The national secondary school curricula and most common textbooks for both countries were also surveyed and compared for their content on chemical bonding. Notable…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation, Science Instruction
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Haglund, Jesper; Andersson, Staffan; Elmgren, Maja – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2016
Entropy is a central concept in thermodynamics, but has been found to be challenging to students due to its abstract nature and the fact that it is not part of students' everyday language. Interviews with three pairs of engineering students (N = 6) were conducted and video recorded regarding their interpretation and use of the entropy concept, one…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Scientific Concepts, Thermodynamics, Syntax
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Haglund, Jesper; Andersson, Staffan; Elmgren, Maja – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2015
Thermodynamics, and in particular entropy, has been found to be challenging for students, not least due to its abstract character. Comparisons with more familiar and concrete domains, by means of analogy and metaphor, are commonly used in thermodynamics teaching, in particular the metaphor "entropy is disorder." However, this particular…
Descriptors: Thermodynamics, Scientific Concepts, Chemical Engineering, Concept Formation
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Christensson, Camilla; Sjöström, Jesper – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2014
United Nations declared 2011 to be the International Year of Chemistry. The Swedish Chemical Society chose twelve themes, one for each month, to highlight the connection of chemistry with everyday life. Examples of themes were fashion, climate change, love, sports, communication, health issues, and food. From the themes various context-based…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Context Effect, Online Courses, Electronic Learning
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Nilsson, Tor; Niedderer, Hans – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2014
Research shows that students have problems understanding thermodynamic concepts and that a gap exists at the tertiary level related to more specific chemistry concepts such as enthalpy. Therefore, the aim of this study is to construct undergraduate students' conceptions of enthalpy, its change and related concepts. Three explorative small-scale…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Scientific Concepts, Thermodynamics, Questionnaires
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Broman, Karolina; Parchmann, Ilka – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2014
Context-based learning approaches have been implemented in school science over the last 40 years as a way to enhance students' interest in, as well as learning outcomes from, science. Contexts are used to connect science with the students' lives and to provide a frame in which concepts can be learned and applied on a…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Scientific Concepts
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Bergqvist, Anna; Drechsler, Michal; De Jong, Onno; Rundgren, Shu-Nu Chang – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2013
Models play an important and central role in science as well as in science education. Chemical bonding is one of the most important topics in upper secondary school chemistry, and this topic is dominated by the use of models. In the past decade, research has shown that chemical bonding is a topic that students find difficult, and therefore, a wide…
Descriptors: Textbook Content, Textbook Research, Content Analysis, Molecular Structure
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Degerman, Mari Stadig; Tibell, Lena A. E. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2012
The rapid development and increasing inter- and multi-disciplinarity of life sciences invokes revisions of life science course curricula, recognizing ("inter alia") the need to compromise between covering specific phenomena and general processes/principles. For these reasons there have been several initiatives to standardize curricula,…
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Metabolism, Course Content, Textbooks
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Nilsson, Tor; Niedderer, Hans – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2012
In undergraduate chemical thermodynamics teachers often include equations and view manipulations of variables as understanding. Undergraduate students are often not able to describe the meaning of these equations. In chemistry, enthalpy and its change are introduced to describe some features of chemical reactions. In the process of measuring heat…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Undergraduate Students, Thermodynamics, Physics
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Osterlund, Lise-Lotte; Berg, Anders; Ekborg, Margareta – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2010
We have investigated how chemistry textbooks use models of redox reactions in different subject areas, how they change models between and within the topics, and how they deal with specific learning difficulties identified in the literature. The textbooks examined were published for use in the natural science programme in Swedish upper secondary…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Textbooks, Organic Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry
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Drechsler, Michal; Van Driel, Jan – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2009
We report in this paper on a study of chemistry teachers' perceptions of their teaching in upper secondary schools in Sweden, regarding models of acids and bases, especially the Bronsted and the Arrhenius model. A questionnaire consisting of a Likert-type scale was developed, which focused on teachers' knowledge of different models, knowledge of…
Descriptors: Secondary School Teachers, Textbooks, Chemistry, Multivariate Analysis
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Bolton, Kim; Saalman, Elisabeth; Christie, Michael; Ingerman, Ake; Linder, Cedric – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2008
The publicly available free computer program, "SimChemistry," was used as an active learning tool in the chemical engineering curriculum at the University College of Boras, Sweden. The activity involved students writing their own simulation programs on topics in the area of molecular structure and interactions. Evaluation of the learning…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Learning Experience, Chemical Engineering, Science Curriculum