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Vincent-Ruz, Paulette; Binning, Kevin; Schunn, Christian D.; Grabowski, Joe – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
In chemistry, lack of academic preparation and math ability have been offered as explanations as to why women seem to enroll, perform, and graduate at lower levels than men. In this paper, we explore the alternative possibility that the gender gap in chemistry instead originates from differential gender effects of academic factors on students'…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Females, Chemistry, Sciences
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Srougi, Melissa C.; Miller, Heather B. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
Math skills vary greatly among students enrolled in introductory chemistry courses. Students with weak math skills (algebra and below) tend to perform poorly in introductory chemistry courses, which is correlated with increased attrition rates. Previous research has shown that retention of main ideas in a peer learning environment is greater when…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Cooperative Learning, Mathematics Skills, Introductory Courses
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Ye, Li; Shuniak, Constantine; Oueini, Razanne; Robert, Jenay; Lewis, Scott – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2016
A well-established literature base identifies a portion of students enrolled in post-secondary General Chemistry as at-risk of failing the course based on incoming metrics. Learning about the experiences and factors that lead to this higher failure rate is essential toward improving retention in this course. This study examines the relationship…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Chemistry, Science Achievement, Science Instruction
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Ye, Li; Oueini, Razanne; Dickerson, Austin P.; Lewis, Scott E. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2015
This study used a series of text message inquiries sent to General Chemistry students asking: "Have you studied for General Chemistry I in the past 48 hours? If so, how did you study?" This method for collecting data is novel to chemistry education research so the first research goals were to investigate the feasibility of the technique…
Descriptors: Computer Mediated Communication, Telecommunications, Science Instruction, Chemistry
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Villafañe, Sachel M.; Garcia, C. Alicia; Lewis, Jennifer E. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2014
Chemistry self-efficacy has been defined as a student's beliefs about his or her own capability to perform a given chemistry task. These chemistry self-efficacy beliefs can be influenced by students' experiences in a course, and eventually, these beliefs could affect students' decisions to continue into STEM related-careers. In this study, we…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Self Efficacy, Majors (Students)
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Allenbaugh, R. J.; Herrera, K. M. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2014
Determining student readiness for gateway chemistry courses and providing underprepared students effective remediation are important as student bodies are growing increasingly diverse in their precollege preparation. The effectiveness of the ACT Mathematics Test and the Whimbey Analytical Skills Inventory (WASI) in predicting student success in…
Descriptors: Peer Evaluation, Peer Teaching, Tutoring, Chemistry
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Evans, Karen L.; Yaron, David; Leinhardt, Gaea – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2008
Even after repeated instruction, first year college chemistry students are often unable to apply stoichiometry knowledge to equilibrium and acid-base chemistry problems. The dynamic and interactive capabilities of online technology may facilitate stoichiometry instruction that promotes more meaningful learning. This study compares a…
Descriptors: Stoichiometry, College Freshmen, Prior Learning, Chemistry