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Upahi, Johnson Enero; Ramnarain, Umesh – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
The difficulties encountered by students in learning chemistry range from human factors to the intrinsic nature of chemistry. To enhance students' understanding of chemistry, there is a wide consensus within the community of chemistry educators on the importance of and need to integrate different levels of representations in chemistry teaching and…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Secondary School Science, Textbooks
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Rodriguez, Jon-Marc G.; Bain, Kinsey; Hux, Nicholas P.; Towns, Marcy H. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
Problem solving is a critical feature of highly quantitative physical science topics, such as chemical kinetics. In order to solve a problem, students must cue into relevant features, ignore irrelevant features, and choose among potential problem-solving approaches. However, what is considered appropriate or productive for problem solving is…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Problem Solving, Chemistry, Kinetics
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Hill, Michelle A.; Overton, Tina L.; Thompson, Christopher D.; Kitson, Russell R. A.; Coppo, Paolo – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
Employers of chemistry graduates are seeking a range of transferable skills from prospective employees, and academics are increasingly seeking to build employability skill development opportunities into the undergraduate curriculum. However, research suggests that undergraduates do not recognise or value such skill development without prompting.…
Descriptors: Chemistry, College Science, Undergraduate Students, Science Process Skills
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Lutter, Jacob C.; Hale, Lillian V. A.; Shultz, Ginger V. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
Graduate students play a critical role in undergraduate education at doctoral-granting institutions and yet their training is often brief and overgeneralized. Little is known about how they develop knowledge for teaching chemistry in this context. To further understand how graduate students develop knowledge for teaching, we used a questionnaire…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Undergraduate Study, College Science, Chemistry
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Neill, Connor; Cotner, Sehoya; Driessen, Michelle; Ballen, Cissy J. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
It is critical that we understand and address features of learning environments that encumber students historically underrepresented in STEM fields. Here we consider social elements of group work that can either support or impede learning. We tracked gender-bias in student--teaching assistant (TA) interactions in 184 small groups across 27…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Gender Bias, Teaching Assistants, Teacher Student Relationship
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Hennah, Naomi – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
The present paper reports upon the design and implementation of a novel practical work pedagogy that is shown to increase students' retention of practical procedures. The chemistry exams, for 15 to 16-year olds in England, will be assessed entirely through terminal examination questions from 2018. Longer term retention of learning is critical if…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Secondary School Science, Foreign Countries, Science Process Skills
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Rusek, Martin; Vojír, Karel – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
This paper focuses on the procedure and results for analyzing text-difficulty in lower-secondary chemistry textbooks in the Czech Republic. The authors use established methodology for text-difficulty analysis by Nestler, adapted by Prucha and Pluskal by adding a second independent analyser to improve reliability. Some textbooks do not follow the…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Secondary School Science, Difficulty Level, Chemistry
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Wheeler, Lindsay B.; Chiu, Jennifer L.; Maeng, Jennifer L.; Bell, Randy L. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
Undergraduate science courses typically rely on teaching assistants (TAs) to teach introductory laboratory classes. However little research investigates how to support TAs to implement reform-based teaching in undergraduate settings, and in particular, what factors may influence TAs' motivation to teach within reform-based instructional contexts.…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Study, College Science, Science Instruction, Teaching Assistants
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DeCocq, Victoria; Bhattacharyya, Gautam – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
We report our qualitative study of twenty-four students enrolled in the second-semester of a second-year undergraduate (sophomore-level) organic chemistry course, Organic Two. We asked the research participants to propose the product and electron-pushing mechanism of elementary mechanistic steps in the absence and presence of the corresponding…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, Undergraduate Students, College Science, Teaching Methods
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Tosun, Cemal – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
The aim of this study was to develop a Scientific Process Skills Test (SPST) in the context of ''Matter and its Nature''. It was investigated whether there was a predictive effect of demographical features and participating out-of-school learning opportunities across the 7th and 8th grade students' Scientific Process Skill (SPS) levels.…
Descriptors: Science Process Skills, Science Tests, Test Construction, Scientific Concepts
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Deng, Yang; Kelly, Gregory J.; Xiao, Lishi – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
This study examines scientific practices associated with scientific writing in organic chemistry in China. Although there is rapidly growing literature on the features and strategies of scientific writing, further research in this area is needed to recognize and treat scientific writing as a social endeavor to evaluate it in a more comprehensive…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Organic Chemistry, Science Instruction, Undergraduate Students
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Moreira, Patricia; Marzabal, Ainoa; Talanquer, Vicente – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
The central goal of this research study was to characterise the different types of reasoning manifested by high school chemistry students when building initial written explanations of a natural phenomenon. In particular, our study participants were asked to explain why a mixture of water and alcohol works as an antifreeze. Data collected in the…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Chemistry, Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts
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Zheng, Changlong; Li, Langsen; He, Peng; Jia, Mengying – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
Although the content of science lessons has been analyzed from different perspectives by developing a set of codes (e.g., K. J. Roth, S. L. Druker, H. E. Garnier, M. Lemmens, C. Chen, T. Kawanaka, and R. Gallimore, (2006), Teaching science in five countries: results from the TIMSS 1999 video study, Washington, DC: National Center for Education…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Instruction, Coding, Teaching Methods
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Ye, Jianqiang; Lu, Shanshan; Bi, Hualin – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
This study uses graphs of conductivity measured by a microcomputer-based laboratory (MBL) to promote students' macro, micro, and symbolic representations when learning about net ionic reactions (NIR). A total of 54 students, aged 14-15 years old participated in this research, and were randomly divided into an experimental group (N = 27) and a…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Science Laboratories, Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation
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Galloway, Kelli R.; Leung, Min Wah; Flynn, Alison B. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
Research has shown that within a traditional organic chemistry curriculum, organic chemistry students struggle to develop deep conceptual understanding of reactions and attribute little meaning to the electron-pushing formalism. At the University of Ottawa, a new curriculum was developed for organic chemistry in which students are taught the…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, Science Instruction, Foreign Countries, College Students
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