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Hentges, Rochelle F.; Galla, Brian M.; Wang, Ming-Te – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: Children growing up in poverty tend to perform worse in school than their more economically advantaged peers. Aims: The current study integrates an educational theory of motivation and an evolutionary theory of life history strategies to examine how economic disadvantage predicts children's mathematics achievement through their…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Economically Disadvantaged, Mathematics Instruction, Prediction
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Flouri, Eirini; Papachristou, Efstathios; Midouhas, Emily – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: Exposure to nature may be particularly beneficial for the brain regions that support spatial working memory, a strong correlate of academic achievement. Aims: To explore whether children living in greener neighbourhoods (wards) have better spatial working memory. Sample: Drawn from the UK's Millennium Cohort Study, the sample was 4,758…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Short Term Memory, Correlation, Environment
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Pöysä, Sanni; Vasalampi, Kati; Muotka, Joona; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: Prior research has shown that engagement plays a significant role in students' academic learning. Aims: The present study sought to expand the current understanding of students' engagement by examining how situational engagement during a particular lesson is associated with the observed teacher-student classroom interactions (i.e.,…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Learner Engagement, Secondary School Teachers, Secondary School Students
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Veas, Alejandro; Castejón, Juan-Luis; Miñano, Pablo; Gilar-Corbí, Raquel – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: Different studies reveal an association between parent involvement, metacognition, and academic achievement; however, the majority analyse the developmental process of acquisition in experimental or quasi-experimental designs with students enrolled in child education. Adolescence is an important stage in personal and academic…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Parent Participation, Academic Achievement, High School Students
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Canivez, Gary L.; Watkins, Marley W.; McGill, Ryan J. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: There is inadequate information regarding the factor structure of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children -- Fifth UK Edition (WISC-V[superscript UK]; Wechsler, 2016a, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth UK Edition, Harcourt Assessment, London, UK) to guide interpretation. Aims and methods: The WISC-V[superscript UK]…
Descriptors: Children, Intelligence Tests, Construct Validity, Factor Analysis
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Benzing, Valentin; Schmidt, Mirko; Jäger, Katja; Egger, Fabienne; Conzelmann, Achim; Roebers, Claudia M. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: Given the strong relationship between executive functions and academic achievement, there has been great interest in improving executive functions. School-based group interventions targeting executive functions revealed encouraging results in preschoolers and young school children; however, there is a paucity of studies in older…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Academic Achievement, Intervention, Correlation
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Desideri, Lorenzo; Ottaviani, Cristina; Cecchetto, Carla; Bonifacci, Paola – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: Mind wandering (MW) has commonly been linked to bad scholastic performance; however, such association has rarely been investigated in the classroom. Moreover, in examining such association, motivational variables have been largely ignored. Aim: We aimed at examining the associations between the dispositional tendency to engage in MW…
Descriptors: Test Anxiety, Self Efficacy, Self Concept, Academic Ability
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Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia, Olga; Shavelson, Richard J.; Schmidt, Susanne; Beck, Klaus – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: A holistic approach to performance assessment recognizes the theoretical complexity of multifaceted critical thinking (CT), a key objective of higher education. However, issues related to reliability, interpretation, and use arise with this approach. Aims and Method: Therefore, we take an analytic approach to scoring students' written…
Descriptors: Holistic Approach, Performance Based Assessment, Critical Thinking, College Students
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Mejía, Andrés; Mariño, Julián Patricio; Molina, Adriana – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: The International Performance Assessments of Learning (iPAL) project developed a framework for the construction of performance assessments for testing critical thinking, which proposes structuring them around a problem situation that sets an authentic (i.e., real-life-like) problem-solving task for the test-taker. Its critical thinking…
Descriptors: Performance Based Assessment, Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, World Views
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Münchow, Hannes; Richter, Tobias; von der Mühlen, Sarah; Schmid, Sebastian – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: The evaluation of informal arguments is a key component of comprehending scientific texts and scientific literacy. Aim: The present study examined the nomological network of university students' ability to evaluate informal arguments in scientific texts and the relevance of this ability for academic success. Sample: A sample of 225…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Scientific and Technical Information, College Students, Academic Achievement
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Alexander, Patricia A. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: The term individual differences refers to the physical, behavioral, cognitive, social, and emotional attributes that make each human unique. Late adolescence to young adulthood represents a time of significant neurobiological and cognitive transformations that contribute further to human variability. Those transformations include an…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, College Students, Thinking Skills, Abstract Reasoning
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Leighton, Jacqueline P. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background and Aims: In educational measurement, performance assessments occupy a niche for offering a true-to-life format that affords the measurement of high-level cognitive competencies and the evidence to draw inferences about intellectual capital. However, true-to-life formats also introduce myriad complexities and can skew if not outright…
Descriptors: Performance Based Assessment, Cognitive Processes, Inferences, Accuracy
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Braun, Henry – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: There is unrealized potential in higher education for greater use of performance assessment, particularly in support of teaching and learning: Well-designed performance tasks can elicit evidence regarding what students know and can do with respect to complex learning objectives. At the same time, there is some pressure, at least in the…
Descriptors: Performance Based Assessment, Higher Education, Test Format, Standardized Tests
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McGrew, Sarah; Smith, Mark; Breakstone, Joel; Ortega, Teresa; Wineburg, Sam – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: Young people increasingly turn to the Internet for information about social and political issues. However, they struggle to evaluate the trustworthiness of the information they encounter online. Aims: This pilot study investigated whether a focused curricular intervention could improve university students' ability to make sound…
Descriptors: College Students, Internet, Information Sources, Credibility
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Jeschke, Colin; Kuhn, Christiane; Lindmeier, Anke; Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia, Olga; Saas, Hannes; Heinze, Aiso – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: Key elements of instructional quality include the teacher's ability to immediately react in domain-specific classroom situations. Such skills -- defined as action-related skills -- can only be validly assessed using authentic representations of real-life teaching practice. However, research has not yet explained how teachers apply…
Descriptors: Teaching Skills, Teacher Evaluation, Performance Based Assessment, Preservice Teachers
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