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ERIC Number: EJ1027846
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jun
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0007-0998
Children's High-Level Writing Skills: Development of Planning and Revising and Their Contribution to Writing Quality
Limpo, Teresa; Alves, Rui A.; Fidalgo, Raquel
British Journal of Educational Psychology, v84 n2 p177-193 Jun 2014
Background: It is well established that the activity of producing a text is a complex one involving three main cognitive processes: Planning, translating, and revising. Although these processes are crucial in skilled writing, beginning and developing writers seem to struggle with them, mainly with planning and revising. Aims: To trace the development of the high-level writing processes of planning and revising, from Grades 4 to 9, and to examine whether these skills predict writing quality in younger and older students (Grades 4-6 vs. 7-9), after controlling for gender, school achievement, age, handwriting fluency, spelling, and text structure. Sample: Participants were 381 students from Grades 4 to 9 (age 9-15). Method: Students were asked to plan and write a story and to revise another story by detecting and correcting mechanical and substantive errors. Results: From Grades 4 to 9, we found a growing trend in students' ability to plan and revise despite the observed decreases and stationary periods from Grades 4 to 5 and 6 to 7. Moreover, whereas younger students' planning and revising skills made no contribution to the quality of their writing, in older students, these high-level skills contributed to writing quality above and beyond control predictors. Conclusion: The findings of this study seem to indicate that besides the increase in planning and revising, these skills are not fully operational in school-age children. Indeed, given the contribution of these high-level skills to older students' writing, supplementary instruction and practice should be provided from early on.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 4; Grade 5; Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9; Intermediate Grades; Elementary Education; Middle Schools; Junior High Schools; High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A