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Skipper, Yvonne; Douglas, Karen – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2012
Background: According to Dweck and colleagues, praise can be delivered using person ("you are clever") or process terms ("you worked hard"). Research suggests that giving people process praise after success can help them deal better with subsequent failures because it attributes outcomes to effort rather than fixed ability.…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Control Groups, Student Attitudes, Positive Reinforcement
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Rubie-Davies, Christine M. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2010
Background: Teacher expectations have been a fruitful area of psychological research for 40 years. Researchers have concentrated on expectations at the individual level (i.e. expectations for individual students), rather than at the class level. Studies of class level expectations have begun to identify specific teacher factors that make a…
Descriptors: Expectation, Psychological Studies, Correlation, Teacher Attitudes
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Dietz, Franziska; Hofer, Manfred; Fries, Stefan – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2007
Background: Academic procrastination, the tendency to postpone learning activities, is regarded as a consequence of postmodern values that are prominent in post-industrialized societies. When students strive for leisure goals and have no structured routines for academic tasks, delaying strenuous learning activities becomes probable. Aims: The…
Descriptors: Learning Activities, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Time Management
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Richardson, Ken; Norgate, Sarah – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2005
The classical twin method -- comprising comparisons of monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins -- in the domain of cognitive abilities and attainments has led to wide acceptance of results suggesting a large amount of additive genetic variance, with far-reaching implications both for the nature of future studies on the causes of cognitive…
Descriptors: Twins, Psychological Studies, Psychological Patterns
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Kline, P.; Gale, A. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 1971
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Psychological Studies, Test Results
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Gale, Janet – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 1982
Presents the results of a study of cognitive components in the diagnostic thinking process in which a content analysis of interviews between patients and clinical medical students, house officers, and graduate medical students revealed 14 categories of cognitive activity in the process. Six tables and a reference list are included. (Author/JL)
Descriptors: Classification, Clinical Diagnosis, Cognitive Processes, Content Analysis
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Saunders, Robyn J.; Solman, Robert T. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 1984
Two experiments investigated effects of pictures on kindergarten children learning to read nouns. Results indicate instructions to associate word and picture and viewing of the word prior to presentation of the picture failed to improve performance. Children who learned words in absence of pictures recognized more words on post-learning trials.…
Descriptors: Audiovisual Aids, Intermode Differences, Kindergarten Children, Literature Reviews
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Freebody, Peter; Tirre, William C. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 1985
Reading achievement test performance of high and low ability sixth-graders in contrasting reading programs was examined. Lower academic ability pupils benefitted from the explicitly sequenced, behaviorally oriented Matteson program, while higher academic ability students benefitted from the Scott Foresman program, which emphasizes rich language…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Aptitude Treatment Interaction, Elementary Education, Grade 6
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Moore, E. M. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 1977
Despite a recent revival of interest in written compositions of adolescents among British psycholinguists and educationists, quantitative data on their microstructures and correlates are scanty. Detailed information on developmental trends in prose writing abilities and on their interactions with cognitive and affective processes is essential for…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Educational Psychology, Illustrations, Prose
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Morris, P. E.; Cook, N. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 1978
The evidence for the effectiveness of the first letter mnemonic technique is confused. There are at least three studies showing no effect, and one where an improvement in recall occurred. Reports two experiments which attempted to locate the conditions under which the first letter mnemonic is effective. (Author/RK)
Descriptors: Educational Psychology, Experiments, Hypothesis Testing, Mnemonics
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Peel, E. A. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 1978
When presented with abstract notions through the verbal media of books, newspapers, talks, TV and radio, people often produce quite erroneous generalizations. Describes a method of investigating such possible trends among young people and adults and reveals their extent in samples of graduates, undergraduates, adult education students and…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Educational Psychology, Generalization, Mass Media
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Poole, M. E. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 1978
It was hypothesized that specific styles or verbal processing would be characteristic of 96 high school students drawn from different social class/sex groups. Such distinctive patterns of functioning, it was assumed, could be largely explained by earlier socialization experiences. Sex differences and six dimensions of verbal processing were…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Educational Psychology, Illustrations, Psychological Studies
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Robertson, I. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 1978
A specific aspect of learning strategy (the extent to which 14 students developed their understanding on a broad or narrow front) was examined. Results support hypotheses predicting positive relationships between a broad strategy in learning, wide attention deployment, a flexible approach to problem-solving and cognitive complexity. Relationships…
Descriptors: Attention, Cognitive Style, Educational Psychology, Individual Characteristics
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Marton, F.; Saljo, R. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 1976
This article explores qualitative differences in what is learned and described functional differences in the process of learning which gave rise to the qualitative differences in outcome. (Author/RK)
Descriptors: Curriculum, Information Processing, Instructional Materials, Learning Processes
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Pask, G. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 1976
The intention of this paper is to introduce some of the basic ideas and techniques used in a series of recent investigations of learning involving realistically complex learning materials. (Author)
Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Computer Programs, Diagrams, Learning Processes
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