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Heyder, Anke; Kessels, Ursula; Steinmayr, Ricarda – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Boys earn lower grades in languages than girls. The expectancy-value model by Eccles" et al." (1983, "A series of books in psychology. Achievement and achievement motives. Psychological and sociological approaches," W.H. Freeman, San Francisco, CA, 76) is a comprehensive theoretical model for explaining gender…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Gender Differences, Student Motivation, Parent Attitudes
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Herrmann, Julia; Schmidt, Isabelle; Kessels, Ursula; Preckel, Franzis – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Background: Ability grouping can lower students' academic self-perceptions through reference group effects of class-average achievement on academic self-concept (ASC)--the "Big-fish-little-Pond"-effect (BFLPE; Marsh & Parker, 1984, J. "Pers. Soc. Psychol.," 47, 213). Although the effect itself is well documented, many open…
Descriptors: Verbal Ability, Self Concept, Mathematics Skills, Gifted
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Kessels, Ursula; Hannover, Bettina – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2008
Background: Establishing or preserving single-sex schooling has been widely discussed as a way of bringing more girls into the natural sciences. Aims: We test the assumption that the beneficial effects of single-sex education on girls' self-concept of ability in masculine subjects such as physics are due to the lower accessibility of…
Descriptors: Single Sex Schools, Females, Single Sex Classes, Physics
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Kessels, Ursula; Rau, Melanie; Hannover, Bettina – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2006
Background: In view of the shortage of students majoring in science, we examined the image of physics in terms of students' implicit, automatic associations with physics. Aims: To describe the specific image of physics that might alienate students ("difficulty," "masculinity," "heteronomy") and test an intervention…
Descriptors: Association Measures, Organizations (Groups), Grade 11, Physics