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Mora, Jill Kerper; Wink, Joan; Wink, Dawn – Bilingual Research Journal, 2001
Describes dual language instruction models, and presents a paradigm for examining congruence among theoretical models, teacher beliefs, and actual classroom practices to determine program effectiveness. Examples illustrate implementation pitfalls. Analysis of Proposition 227 finds it to be a decontextualized procedural model; it has an incoherent…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education Programs, Criticism, Educational Principles, Educational Theories
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Crawford, James – Bilingual Research Journal, 1997
Examines the victory of California's Proposition 227, which mandated English-only instruction, and two viewpoints that reflect conflicting analyses of why Proposition 227 passed. To influence future decision making, bilingual-education advocates must learn to participate more effectively in policy debate without distorting research or denouncing…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, English Only Movement
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Gandara, Patricia – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
Numerous simultaneous educational reforms and limited data prevent drawing conclusions about the independent effects of California's Proposition 227, a 2-year-old English Only initiative. Achievement scores show little benefit for English learners. Observational data indicate that implementation of high stakes testing has encouraged teaching that…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Teachers, Educational Change, Elementary Education
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Garcia, Eugene E.; Curry-Rodriguez, Julia E. – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
A study of 8 California school districts immediately following passage of Proposition 227, and another study of 39 districts a year later interviewed personnel, principals, and teachers about implementation of the English Only initiative. Specific implementation strategies reflected schools' previous programmatic efforts for limited English…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Teachers, Educational Change
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Maxwell-Jolly, Julie – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
Personnel at seven Northern California school districts were interviewed concerning implementation of Proposition 227. The disposition of district staff toward primary-language instruction and community attitudes influenced district policy; district decisions largely determined school policy; change occurred at all sites and was most evident in…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Bilingual Education, Community Attitudes, Educational Change
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Gutierrez, Kris D.; Asato, Jolynn; Baquedano-Lopez, Patricia – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
A qualitative study examined how three urban California school districts and teachers in three case study classrooms interpreted and implemented Proposition 227. School district implementation varied according to district language ideology. Nevertheless, English only policy and accompanying highly scripted reading reforms stripped teachers of…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Case Studies, Educational Change, Educational Practices
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Schirling, Elsa; Contreras, Frances; Ayala, Carlos – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
Interviews with parents, teachers, and administrators of a California Bay Area elementary school explored the impact of Proposition 227 on parent involvement, student achievement, classroom instruction, and student and teacher emotions. Data indicate that an overemphasis on language of instruction overshadowed other critical issues such as…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Bilingual Education, Case Studies, Classroom Environment
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Palmer, Deborah K.; Garcia, Eugene E. – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
Reactions of 30 bilingual teachers and 20 administrators to implementation of Proposition 227 match those of educators throughout California. Teachers worry about the erosion of primary language programs, the imposition of English-only standardized testing, and the lack of clear leadership on policy implementation. Administrator concerns include…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Bilingual Education, Educational Change, Elementary Education
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Moses, Michele S. – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
Criticisms against bilingual education policy are myopic and focus on nostalgic notions of Americanization and assimilation. Bilingual education supports heritage-language students' cultural identities and expands their contexts of choice, thus developing their self-determination and preparing them to participate in democracy. Federal policies…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Bilingual Education, Educational Policy, English (Second Language)