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Alfaro, Cristina – Bilingual Research Journal, 2018
This article draws from historical, political, theoretical, and practice perspectives that provide a comprehensive analysis of how bilingual teacher education programs have strategically navigated around and through anti-immigrant sociopolitical ideologies to survive the incessant attacks on Latinx student populations, notably in the two decades…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Teachers, Teacher Education Programs, Educational History
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Farruggio, Peter – Bilingual Research Journal, 2010
CThe article is a study of Latino immigrant parents' agency toward primary language (L1) instruction in the face of restrictionist language policy. Certain attitudes and characteristics were associated with advocacy for Spanish L1 instruction. Interviews conducted in an urban California school district among parents with different background…
Descriptors: Language Planning, Bilingual Education, Parent Background, Educational Attainment
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Bruna, Katherine Richardson – Bilingual Research Journal, 2009
This position paper observes the impact of "Proposition 227", California's "English for the Children" initiative, on the professional development of teachers of English Learners. It draws on information I obtained while working as an evaluator of the California Teacher Institutes (CTIs), a network of institutes aimed to enhance…
Descriptors: Academic Discourse, Language Planning, Teacher Effectiveness, Hidden Curriculum
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Stritikus, Tom T. – Bilingual Research Journal, 2006
In this article, I examine the implications of additive and subtractive conceptions for the education of English language learner (ELL) students. To understand how competing theories regarding the education of ELL students materialize into action, I examine select findings from one district's implementation of Proposition 227. Focusing on the…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Educational Policy, Grade 3
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Mueller, Tracy Gershwin; Singer, George H. S.; Grace, Elizabeth J. – Bilingual Research Journal, 2004
California's Proposition 227 (1998) has affected the education of many English language learners (ELLs). However, the extent of Proposition 227's influence on special education planning and practice is unclear. ELLs who have moderate to severe disabilities face major communication obstacles. The present qualitative study looked specifically at the…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Educational Planning, Disabilities, Special Education
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Amaral, Olga Maia – Bilingual Research Journal, 2001
A survey of 100 parents in a California school district bordering Mexico examined relationships between the bilingual program parents chose for their kindergarten and first-grade children and parental demographic factors. Parents placed their children in settings that mirrored home language use. Parents with a higher level of education were more…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Bilingual Education Programs, English (Second Language), Hispanic Americans
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Gandara, Patricia – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
Numerous simultaneous educational reforms and limited data prevent drawing conclusions about the independent effects of California's Proposition 227, a 2-year-old English Only initiative. Achievement scores show little benefit for English learners. Observational data indicate that implementation of high stakes testing has encouraged teaching that…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Teachers, Educational Change, Elementary Education
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Garcia, Eugene E.; Curry-Rodriguez, Julia E. – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
A study of 8 California school districts immediately following passage of Proposition 227, and another study of 39 districts a year later interviewed personnel, principals, and teachers about implementation of the English Only initiative. Specific implementation strategies reflected schools' previous programmatic efforts for limited English…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Teachers, Educational Change
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Maxwell-Jolly, Julie – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
Personnel at seven Northern California school districts were interviewed concerning implementation of Proposition 227. The disposition of district staff toward primary-language instruction and community attitudes influenced district policy; district decisions largely determined school policy; change occurred at all sites and was most evident in…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Bilingual Education, Community Attitudes, Educational Change
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Gutierrez, Kris D.; Asato, Jolynn; Baquedano-Lopez, Patricia – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
A qualitative study examined how three urban California school districts and teachers in three case study classrooms interpreted and implemented Proposition 227. School district implementation varied according to district language ideology. Nevertheless, English only policy and accompanying highly scripted reading reforms stripped teachers of…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Case Studies, Educational Change, Educational Practices
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Schirling, Elsa; Contreras, Frances; Ayala, Carlos – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
Interviews with parents, teachers, and administrators of a California Bay Area elementary school explored the impact of Proposition 227 on parent involvement, student achievement, classroom instruction, and student and teacher emotions. Data indicate that an overemphasis on language of instruction overshadowed other critical issues such as…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Bilingual Education, Case Studies, Classroom Environment
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Alamillo, Laura; Viramontes, Celia – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
Interviews with 77 California teachers who either continued teaching bilingual education, switched to English immersion, or continued teaching English immersion sought their perspectives on impacts of Proposition 227 to the teaching profession, instructional practices, students, school culture, and teacher relationships. Implementation of…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Collegiality, Educational Change, Educational Environment
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Palmer, Deborah K.; Garcia, Eugene E. – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
Reactions of 30 bilingual teachers and 20 administrators to implementation of Proposition 227 match those of educators throughout California. Teachers worry about the erosion of primary language programs, the imposition of English-only standardized testing, and the lack of clear leadership on policy implementation. Administrator concerns include…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Bilingual Education, Educational Change, Elementary Education
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Stritikus, Tom; Garcia, Eugene E. – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
Interviews with 32 teachers in 8 California school districts examined how teachers responded to Proposition 227. Three teacher reactions were identified: outward defiance, clarification of pedagogical purpose, and anxiety in the face of change. Key factors in these reactions were teacher ideology and experiences and the course of implementation…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language)
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Moses, Michele S. – Bilingual Research Journal, 2000
Criticisms against bilingual education policy are myopic and focus on nostalgic notions of Americanization and assimilation. Bilingual education supports heritage-language students' cultural identities and expands their contexts of choice, thus developing their self-determination and preparing them to participate in democracy. Federal policies…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Bilingual Education, Educational Policy, English (Second Language)