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ERIC Number: EJ1033924
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jul
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1443-1394
Expectations and Reality: What You Want Is "Not Always" What You Get
Garces-Ozanne, Arlene; Sullivan, Trudy
Australian Journal of Adult Learning, v54 n2 p78-100 Jul 2014
A total of 196 first year Principles of Economics I students participated in a study examining how students' expectations about their course and grades are related to the grades they actually receive. We empirically test whether there is a significant difference between the students' grade expectations and the actual grades they receive, and examine what factors contribute to this difference. In particular, we examine how much students' expectations about their grades are conditioned by specific student characteristics, as well as by their attitude/behaviour over the semester. We hypothesise that students, like many from Generation Y, often make confident but also false predictions about their ability, but as reality sets in, they modify their behaviour accordingly and set more reasonable, realistic expectations to achieve their desired goals. We find that they are indeed overoptimistic, but there appears to be a gap between their optimism and actual performance.
Adult Learning Australia. Level 1, 32 Northbourne Avenue, Canberra, ACT 2603, Australia. Tel: +61-02-6274-9515; Fax: +61-02-6274-9513; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand