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Showing 136 to 150 of 162 results Save | Export
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Garrett, Nina – Applied Language Learning, 1989
Suggests that, to understand the relationship between grammatical competence and actual communicative language use, a model is needed of classroom language processing that considers learners' own connections between meaning and form as a major factor in language use and language acquisition. (nine references) (GLR)
Descriptors: Communicative Competence (Languages), Grammar, Language Processing, Language Proficiency
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Gardner, Robert C. – Applied Language Learning, 1991
Reviews research conducted on adult populations dealing with correlates or predictors of proficiency in a second language. Four classes of individual difference variables are considered, including (1) attitudes and motivation; (2) language aptitude and intelligence; (3) language learning strategies; and (4) personality variables. (83 references)…
Descriptors: Adult Learning, Individual Differences, Language Proficiency, Learning Motivation
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van Lier, Leo – Applied Language Learning, 1991
Proposes a theory of second-language (L2) learning that differs from accepted modes of theorizing in the second-language field. The theory is based on data gathered from the L2 classroom and strives to consider practical knowledge from other fields. (72 references) (JL)
Descriptors: Classroom Research, Educational Theories, Language Proficiency, Learning Processes
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Oxford, Rebecca L.; Cohen, Andrew D. – Applied Language Learning, 1992
This article notes seven key problems in language learning strategy concepts and classification systems as they relate to empirical research in the area of second- and foreign language development and suggests ways to resolve these problems and thereby increase unity, coherence, and meaningfulness of language learning strategy research. (99…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Communicative Competence (Languages), Language Research, Learning Strategies
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Valdman, Albert – Applied Language Learning, 1989
Deals with the construct of educated native speaker (ENS) speech, which constitutes the implicit target norm in the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages Proficiency Guidelines. It is argued that, in classroom foreign language instruction, such a target is too restrictive, and as an alternative, a multitarget model of language…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Evaluation Methods, Language Proficiency, Language Variation
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Douglas, Dan – Applied Language Learning, 1989
Discusses the issues related to the testing of listening comprehension in the context of the 1986 American Council Teaching Foreign Language Proficiency Guidelines. Four issues are singled out: the meaning of context in testing listening; the concept of criterion-referenced tests; the notion of specific purposes in testing; and the use of…
Descriptors: Listening Comprehension, Listening Comprehension Tests, Listening Skills, Test Construction
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Leow, Ronald P. – Applied Language Learning, 1997
Investigated the effects of written input enhancement and text length on college students' second-language comprehension and intake. First-year Spanish students were exposed to one of four conditions with enhanced and non-enhanced short and long text. Exposing students to short authentic reading materials facilitated reading comprehension but not…
Descriptors: College Second Language Programs, College Students, Higher Education, Linguistic Input
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Vanniarajan, Swathi – Applied Language Learning, 1997
Proposes an interactive model of vocabulary acquisition that accounts for acquisition of knowledge and the mental processes involved in vocabulary acquisition, emphasizing the characterization of mental processes more than any other aspects. The model, which can account for first or second languages, attempts to capture how vocabulary is…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Language Acquisition
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Derwing, Tracey M.; Munro, Murray J.; Wiebe, Grace – Applied Language Learning, 1997
Adult English-as-a-Second-Language students enrolled in a speaking improvement course (which emphasized general speaking habits) read aloud lists of true and false sentences at the beginning and end of the course. Native speakers judged their intelligibility, comprehensibility, and accent. Most participants showed significant improvement in at…
Descriptors: Adult Students, College Students, English (Second Language), Graduate Students
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Ebsworth, Miriam Einstein; Schweers, C. William – Applied Language Learning, 1997
Surveyed English-as-a-Second-Language teachers of adult learners from New York and Puerto Rico to determine their attitudes about consciously teaching grammar in second-language courses, comparing results to research on the subject. Most teachers from both groups had clearly defined approaches to grammar teaching. There were between- and…
Descriptors: Adult Students, College Faculty, Comparative Analysis, English (Second Language)
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Johnson, Yuki – Applied Language Learning, 1997
Examines the role of American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) guidelines in language proficiency testing, focusing on Japanese language instruction and discussing how effective that system is in relation to university classroom instruction. Two main issues are addressed: viewing ACTFL Proficiency Tests as having the…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Higher Education, Japanese, Language Proficiency
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Chapelle, Carol A. – Applied Language Learning, 1996
Probes validity issues of computer-assisted strategy assessment in second language acquisition research. Reviews metacognitive and cognitive strategies, discussing trait-oriented and interactionist approaches in the concept of strategy, and examining validity by focusing on "advance preparation" and "resourcing" examples of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Computer Assisted Testing, English (Second Language), Learning Strategies
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Johnson, Ruth; Moore, Rita – Applied Language Learning, 1997
Investigated whether a correlation exists between a nonnative English speaker's reading proficiency in English and the use of native-English-like pausing in reading aloud. Results indicate a statistically significant although moderate correlation between students' reading test scores and their native-like use of pausing in reading aloud. (38…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, College Students, Correlation, English (Second Language)
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Young, Dolly Jesusita; Oxford, Rebecca – Applied Language Learning, 1997
Examined the strategies used by native-English-speaking foreign language (FL) learners to read Spanish and English texts in order to investigate differences in FL reading strategies between males and females. Results indicate that students processed the Spanish and English passages using local and global strategies, respectively, and that males…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, English, Higher Education, Language Processing
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LoCastro, Virginia – Applied Language Learning, 1997
Investigates the extent to which pedagogical intervention can facilitate the development of pragmatic competence in English. First-year Japanese students were tape recorded in group discussions at the beginning and end of a course in which attempts were made to increase their level of awareness of, and expand their ability to use, markers of…
Descriptors: Audiotape Recordings, Case Studies, College Students, English (Second Language)
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