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Kitajima, Ryu – Applied Language Learning, 2018
The field of L2 pragmatics demonstrates the effect of instructional intervention on the development of L2 learners' pragmatic competence. Nevertheless, effective instruction requires knowledge of pragmatic performances of L2 learners in naturally occurring conversations, in comparison to those of the target community speakers. This study, using a…
Descriptors: Japanese, Second Language Learning, Classroom Communication, Pragmatics
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Santizo, Isabelle Poupard – Applied Language Learning, 2017
This quantitative study focuses on the relationship between foreign language learners' aptitude and proficiency test scores. Four groups of 136 beginning students received six months of Initial Acquisition Training (IAT) in four different language categories, according to the level of complexity for an English speaker: French (Category I),…
Descriptors: Correlation, Language Aptitude, Language Proficiency, French
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Hernández, Todd A. – Applied Language Learning, 2016
Previous studies have shown that study abroad has a positive effect on second language (L2) learning outcomes for students who spend at least a semester abroad. It is unclear, however, whether a short-term experience also has a measurable impact on L2 development. The present study examines the relationship between speaking proficiency gains made…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students, Summer Programs, Study Abroad
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Yang, Li; Zhu, Jia – Applied Language Learning, 2016
This study investigates the effects of instruction on learners' pragmatic competence by integrating pragmatic consciousness-raising (PCR) activities into a beginning-level Chinese language course during one academic semester. The study also examines the effect of integrating the PCR activities, i.e., before or after the instruction of a…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Consciousness Raising, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Yeon, Sang-Hee – Applied Language Learning, 2014
This research focuses on speaking proficiency and successful second language speakers' traits using a survey and an interview. The participants in the study were in a short intensive course between four and six months, depending on the language they studied. The successful learner was defined as someone who received 1+ or above on the Interagency…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Language Proficiency, Interviews, Language Tests
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Lord, Gillian – Applied Language Learning, 2007
Within the field of second language acquisition, the acquisition of phonetics and phonology has generally taken a back seat to studies of morphological and syntactical acquisition. Although the lacuna is slowly being remedied by a growing interest in the phenomena of second language (L2) phonology, investigations into the acquisition of…
Descriptors: Suprasegmentals, Phonetics, Second Language Learning, Dictionaries
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Lefkowitz, Natalie; Hedgcock, John S. – Applied Language Learning, 2006
This study explores how social pressure and identity construction patterns interact with the oral performance of secondary and post-secondary learners of Spanish as a foreign language. Data derive from 268 questionnaires probing students' perceptions of Spanish, Spanish speakers, their peers, and their instructors. Ethnographic interviews…
Descriptors: Spanish, Second Language Learning, Social Influences, Identification
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Cheng, An Chung; Mojica-Diaz, Clara C. – Applied Language Learning, 2006
It has been assumed that combining living in a native speech community with formal classroom instruction creates an ideal learning environment for foreign language learners. This study examines the extent to which formal instruction affects the oral discourse of advanced learners in target-language speaking environments. From a discourse…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Spanish, Second Language Learning, Verbs
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Rossiter, Marian J. – Applied Language Learning, 2005
This paper reports a study that investigated the development of second language (L2) communication strategies (code-switching, all-purpose words, word coinage, approximation, and circumlocution) over time. In the study, 8 adult learners in a full-time English as a second language program provided oral narrations of an eight-frame picture story at…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Communication Strategies, Code Switching (Language)
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Rossiter, Marian J. – Applied Language Learning, 2001
Outlines challenges that arose in the course of a classroom-based research project, identifies the realities of the second language setting that contributed to these complexities, and examines useful sources of support available to novice investigators. Oral communication tasks were administered to three groups of English learners in Canada: a…
Descriptors: Classroom Research, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Language Research
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Young, Richard – Applied Language Learning, 1995
Examines two rating scales for assessment of oral proficiency and judges both as inadequate because they are based on an untenable theory of the development of proficiency in a second language and on mistaken intuitions about oral interaction. The paper concludes with a discussion of an architectural, context-dependent theory of second-language…
Descriptors: College Students, Developmental Stages, English (Second Language), Interlanguage
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Ellis, Rod – Applied Language Learning, 1994
This article examines four sets of factors that may potentially affect the incidental vocabulary acquisition from oral input of second-language (L2) learners. These include the intrinsic properties of L2 words; the nature of the input; the role of interaction; and individual learner factors. (Contains 85 references.) (MDM)
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Individual Differences, Interaction, Language Research
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Overstreet, Maryann; Yule, George – Applied Language Learning, 1999
Offers examples and proposals for fostering pragmatic awareness in a second language (L2) through the recognition of the interpersonal function of asset of common expressions in contemporary spoken English. Illustrates the use of these forms in marking assumptions of being similar, polite, accurate, being informative, and emphatic. (Author/VWL)
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Interpersonal Communication, Metalinguistics, Oral Language
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Child, James; And Others – Applied Language Learning, 1993
Working definitions of proficiency and performance in language testing are established, and their role in multidimensional testing is examined. The discussion also covers the relationship between proficiency and performance, a comparison of both types of tests, and performance test scoring dilemmas. (Contains 17 references.) (Author/LB)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Definitions, Evaluation Methods, Guidelines
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Byrnes, Heidi – Applied Language Learning, 1989
Examines the rating scale and the testing procedure of the oral interview for evidence of discourse competence. The paper suggests that a careful examination of the processing capabilities might serve as a valid indicator of their discourse competence. (24 references) (GLR)
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Interviews, Language Fluency, Language Proficiency
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