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Tang, Xiaofei – Applied Language Learning, 2019
Digital technology has great potential for second language (L2) pragmatics learning as it creates communicative contexts for learners to practice L2s. However, despite the growing interest in technology enhanced learning, the efficacy of using technology on L2 pragmatics remains unknown. This paper examines the role of technology in L2 pragmatics…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Second Language Learning, Pragmatics
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Colovic-Markovic, Jelena – Applied Language Learning, 2019
This classroom-based study investigates whether students who receive explicit instruction make more gains over time and more improvement to produce academic formulas in controlled (c-test) and uncontrolled (essay) situations, respectively, than those who do not receive such intervention. Whereas both groups improved over time, the treatment group…
Descriptors: Direct Instruction, Teaching Methods, English (Second Language), Writing (Composition)
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Baker-Smemoe, Wendy; Cundick, Denisa K.; Evans, Norman; Henrichsen, Lynn; Dewey, Dan P. – Applied Language Learning, 2012
This study investigated the relationship between out-of-class L2 use and proficiency gains in learners of English as a second language (ESL) in an intensive English language program. In contrast to previous studies on this topic, which have found weak, non-existent or even inverse relationships between out-of-class language experience and L2…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), English (Second Language), Language Enrichment, Semi Structured Interviews
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Magnusson, Julina A.; Graham, C. Ray – Applied Language Learning, 2011
This study examines the effects of explicit instruction and exposure only on ESL students' ability to recognize, use and recall phrasal verbs. Subjects included 55 intermediate-level ESL students in reading classes at an intensive English program. Thirty-seven idiomatic phrasal verbs were divided into two lists. In a repeated measures design, one…
Descriptors: Direct Instruction, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Phrase Structure
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Martinsen, Rob A.; Baker, Wendy; Dewey, Dan P.; Bown, Jennifer; Johnson, Cary – Applied Language Learning, 2010
This study compared the amount of the second language (L2) use and linguistic gains made by students in three short-term language immersion programs: (1) traditional study abroad, (2) service-oriented study abroad, and (3) foreign language (FL) housing. These were chosen because they represent three distinct program types, providing students with…
Descriptors: Immersion Programs, Comparative Analysis, Service Learning, Housing
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Lim, Hye-Yeon – Applied Language Learning, 2009
The purpose of this study is to move beyond the more traditional focus on individual characteristics as they relate to anxiety in the use of a foreign language. In order to do this, cultural characteristics, perceptions of the cause of successful learning, and foreign (English) language use anxiety were included as the major variables. Three…
Descriptors: Individual Characteristics, Second Language Learning, Anxiety, Cultural Traits
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Bae, Gyseon; Kim, Eunju – Applied Language Learning, 2008
Given the raised graduation requirement of the proficiency Enhancement Program (PEP) to attain proficiency levels of "2+," "2+," and "2," the importance of target language use has been highly emphasized across language schools at Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC). This article discusses some of the challenges associated…
Descriptors: Second Language Instruction, Graduation Requirements, Linguistic Input, English
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Rossiter, Marian J. – Applied Language Learning, 2005
This paper reports a study that investigated the development of second language (L2) communication strategies (code-switching, all-purpose words, word coinage, approximation, and circumlocution) over time. In the study, 8 adult learners in a full-time English as a second language program provided oral narrations of an eight-frame picture story at…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Communication Strategies, Code Switching (Language)
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Hinkel, Eli – Applied Language Learning, 2005
This study analyzes the types and frequencies of hedges and intensifiers employed in NS and NNS academic essays included in a corpus of L1 and L2 student academic texts (745 essays/220,747 words). The overarching goal of this investigation is to focus on these lexical and syntactic features of written discourse because they effectively lend…
Descriptors: Academic Discourse, Language Usage, Syntax, Written Language
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Hinkel, Eli – Applied Language Learning, 1994
This study investigated whether 199 advanced nonnative speakers of English attending Ohio State University judged the appropriateness of speech acts of giving thanks in ways similar to those of native speakers. The results showed that speakers of Chinese, Indonesian, Korean, Japanese, Spanish, and Arabic ranked expressions of thanks differently…
Descriptors: College Students, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Context
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Lunberry, Clark – Applied Language Learning, 1994
This article examines instances of "para-poetic" writing produced by beginning and intermediate learners of English as a Second Language. It is suggested that the instructor or reader look beyond the conventional grammar and usage rules to appreciate the imagery of unusual juxtaposition of words and phrases in student work. Provides examples of…
Descriptors: Advanced Students, Classification, English (Second Language), Error Analysis (Language)
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Oxford, Rebecca L. – Applied Language Learning, 1993
A discussion of gender differences in human development and language use is followed by reports of research on styles and strategies in learning a second or foreign language. Instructional implications for second-language classrooms are highlighted. (Contains 100 references.) (Author/LB)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Cognitive Style, Language Research, Language Usage