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Kitajima, Ryu – Applied Language Learning, 2018
The field of L2 pragmatics demonstrates the effect of instructional intervention on the development of L2 learners' pragmatic competence. Nevertheless, effective instruction requires knowledge of pragmatic performances of L2 learners in naturally occurring conversations, in comparison to those of the target community speakers. This study, using a…
Descriptors: Japanese, Second Language Learning, Classroom Communication, Pragmatics
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Carrell, Patricia L.; Dunkel, Patricia A.; Mollaun, Pamela – Applied Language Learning, 2004
With the goal of improving the reliability and validity of tests of English as a foreign language, in particular with respect to the question of whether to allow notetaking on EFL/ESL computer-based listening comprehension tests, the present study examined the effects on ESL listening comprehension of notetaking (allowed or disallowed) in relation…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Listening Comprehension Tests, Computer Assisted Testing, Notetaking
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Constantino, Rebecca; Lee, Sy-Ying; Cho, Kyung-Sook; Krashen, Stephen – Applied Language Learning, 1997
Presents results of a questionnaire filled out by international students regarding years of English study, length of residence in the United States, free reading habits in the first and second language, and television watching. Reading in English, English study in the home country, and length of residence in the United States affected students'…
Descriptors: College Students, English (Second Language), Higher Education, Place of Residence