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Showing 1 to 15 of 205 results Save | Export
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Vézina, Marie-Pier; Poulin, François – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
Current knowledge of intraindividual longitudinal patterns of civic participation (CP) and their predictors remains limited. As life cycle trends are showing a decline in civic/political involvement during early adulthood years, increased understanding of these aspects could enhance efforts to promote greater and/or sustained CP trajectories among…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Citizen Participation, Young Adults, Predictor Variables
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Denault, Anne-Sophie; Poulin, François – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
To examine whether trajectories of participation in organized activities during the high school years and beyond (from ages 14 to 20) predicted outcomes at age 21 (externalizing problems, internalizing problems, civic engagement, number of years of education, and perception of physical health), 354 youths (60% girls) were surveyed annually over…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adolescents, Young Adults, Participation
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Yeomans-Maldonado, Gloria; Justice, Laura M.; Logan, Jessica A. R. – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
The current study was designed to determine whether classroom quality (i.e., the quality of teacher--child interactions) served as a mediator of peer effects with respect to preschool children's gain in language skills over an academic year. Participants were 670 preschool-age children (64.6% boys; "M" = 4 years, 4 months, "SD"…
Descriptors: Peer Influence, Preschool Children, Language Skills, Special Education
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Forgeard, Marie J. C.; Benson, Lizbeth – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
A minimal amount is known regarding the mechanisms underlying the potential benefits of extracurricular activities (ECAs) for adolescents' psychological adjustment. This preliminary cross-sectional study, during which 512 undergraduates retrospectively reported information about high school ECAs, used structural equation modeling to show that…
Descriptors: Extracurricular Activities, Adjustment (to Environment), Psychological Patterns, Undergraduate Students
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Cornu, Véronique; Schiltz, Christine; Pazouki, Tahereh; Martin, Romain – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
Visuo-spatial training is considered a promising approach to provide young children with a sound foundation for later mathematical learning. We developed and implemented a tablet-based visuo-spatial intervention in kindergarten classrooms aiming to foster the development of children's visuo-spatial and numerical abilities. A sample of N = 125…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Spatial Ability, Training, Young Children
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Ettekal, Andrea Vest; Simpkins, Sandra D.; Schaefer, David R. – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
Overweight youth are often socially marginalized and have fewer friends than their nonoverweight peers. Participation in organized activities may be one way to promote friendships for overweight youth. In this study, we used a large nationally representative sample to test whether two aspects of participation promoted friendships, namely the…
Descriptors: Obesity, Social Bias, Peer Relationship, Youth
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Hagler, Matthew; Raposa, Elizabeth B.; Rhodes, Jean – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
Youth who form bonds with supportive, nonparent adults within their existing social networks (i.e., natural mentors) experience a range of positive outcomes, but a relatively minimal amount is known regarding the psychosocial factors that prospectively predict the formation of natural mentoring relationships. Analyzing longitudinal youth data from…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Profiles, Adolescent Development, Social Development
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Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Luo, Rufan; McFadden, Karen E.; Bandel, Eileen T.; Vallotton, Claire – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
We examined whether the early learning environment predicts children's 5th grade skills in 2,204 families from ethnically diverse, low-income backgrounds; tested the mediating roles of children's pre-kindergarten school-related skills and later learning environment; and asked whether lagged associations generalize across White, Black, Hispanic…
Descriptors: Family Environment, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Preschool Children
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White, Elizabeth S.; Mistry, Rashmita S. – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
We examined the degree to which civic learning activities and civic discussion in the classroom were associated with children's civic engagement in the upper elementary grades. We also explored the types of civic activities used by teachers during middle childhood. Survey data were collected from 359 ethnically and economically diverse 4th-6th…
Descriptors: Civics, Learning Activities, Correlation, Learner Engagement
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Šerek, Jan; Machackova, Hana – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
This study examined the effects of school climate (open classroom and positive student relationships) and personality dispositions (shyness and need for cognition) on adolescents' political self-efficacy. Data were collected in 2014 from 1,954 Czech ninth- and tenth-graders (mean age = 15.60). A multilevel analysis showed that school-level…
Descriptors: Role, Educational Environment, Personality, Adolescents
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Justice, Laura M.; Logan, Jessica A.; Purtell, Kelly; Bleses, Dorthe; Højen, Anders – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
As early childhood education programming expands across the globe, there is an increased need to understand how features of these programs influence children's development. The composition of children's age within a classroom is one such feature, although it is much less studied than other features. Theoretical and empirical evidence suggests that…
Descriptors: Mixed Age Grouping, Early Childhood Education, Child Language, Language Acquisition
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Price, C. Aaron; Kares, F.; Segovia, G.; Loyd, Aerika Brittian – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
We explore the understudied role of program staff in an out-of-school time (OST) program at a large science museum, which may be especially relevant for supporting underrepresented minority (URM) youth's interest in science, technology, engineering, or math (STEM) careers. Using a sequential explanatory mixed-method design, we surveyed 167 program…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, STEM Education, Adolescents, Youth
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Gagné, Monique H.; Schonert-Reichl, Kimberly; Costigan, Catherine; Guhn, Martin; Shapka, Jennifer D. – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
The study looked at the stratified math and language arts trajectories of foreign-born adolescents (aged 14-19) in British Columbia (BC), Canada, and identified social position factors that predicted this variation. Leveraging data from the Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education and Citizenship and Immigration Canada, the study looked…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Immigrants, Adolescents, Academic Achievement
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Ansari, Arya; Pianta, Robert C. – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
Data from 332 teachers who participated in the National Center for Research on Early Childhood Education study were used to examine the implications of classroom age diversity in preschool programs for teacher interactions with students in areas of instructional and emotional support, and classroom organization. Teachers in early childhood…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction, Classroom Environment, Teacher Qualifications
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Cantor, Pamela; Osher, David; Berg, Juliette; Steyer, Lily; Rose, Todd – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
This article synthesizes foundational knowledge from multiple scientific disciplines regarding how humans develop in context. Major constructs that define human development are integrated into a developmental system framework, this includes--epigenetics, neural malleability and plasticity, integrated complex skill development and learning, human…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Child Development, Cognitive Development, Executive Function
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