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van Setten, Ellie R. H.; Hakvoort, Britt E.; van der Leij, Aryan; Maurits, Natasha M.; Maassen, Ben A. M. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
The present study investigates whether grade 6 reading outcomes, reading fluency, and reading comprehension can be predicted by grade 3 reading fluency, familial risk of dyslexia (FR), and grade 3 reading related skills: rapid automatized naming (RAN), phonological awareness (PA), and vocabulary. In a sample of 150 children, of whom 83 had a…
Descriptors: Grade 6, At Risk Students, Reading Fluency, Reading Comprehension
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Castillo, Anabel; Gilger, Jeffrey W. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
This study examined adult perceptions of dyslexia among US adults. Participants (n = 623) answered survey questions pertaining to characteristics, views, and possible causes of DYS. Exploratory factor analysis revealed five distinct factors: (1) psychosocial causes, (2) external causes, (3) biological causes, (4) consequences, and (5)…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Gender Differences, Ethnicity, Adults
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Duranovic, Mirela; Senka, Smajlagic; Babic-Gavric, Branka – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
Recent research studies have shown that increased letter spacing has a positive effect on the reading ability of dyslexic individuals. This study aims to investigate the effect of spacing on the readability of different fonts for children with and without dyslexia. Results did not support the hypothesis of better performance among children with…
Descriptors: Alphabets, Dyslexia, Layout (Publications), Readability
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Torppa, Minna; Georgiou, George K.; Niemi, Pekka; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
Research and clinical practitioners have mixed views whether reading and spelling difficulties should be combined or seen as separate. This study examined the following: (a) if double dissociation between reading and spelling can be identified in a transparent orthography (Finnish) and (b) the cognitive and noncognitive precursors of this…
Descriptors: Spelling, Reading Instruction, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Reading Difficulties
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Sayeski, Kristin L.; Earle, Gentry A.; Eslinger, R. Paige; Whitenton, Jessy N. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
Matching phonemes (speech sounds) to graphemes (letters and letter combinations) is an important aspect of decoding (translating print to speech) and encoding (translating speech to print). Yet, many teacher candidates do not receive explicit training in phoneme-grapheme correspondence. Difficulty with accurate phoneme production and/or lack of…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Preservice Teachers, Mastery Learning, Knowledge Level
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van Gorp, Karly; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
The direct, retention, and transfer effects of repeated word and pseudoword reading were studied in a pretest, training, posttest, retention design. First graders (48 good readers, 47 poor readers) read 25 CVC words and 25 CVC pseudowords in ten repeated word reading sessions, preceded and followed by a transfer task with a different set of items.…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Word Recognition, Decoding (Reading), Grade 1
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Quémart, Pauline; Casalis, Séverine – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
Spelling is a challenge for individuals with dyslexia. Phoneme-to-grapheme correspondence rules are highly inconsistent in French, which make them very difficult to master, in particular for dyslexics. One recurrent manifestation of this inconsistency is the presence of silent letters at the end of words. Many of these silent letters perform a…
Descriptors: Spelling, Dyslexia, Morphology (Languages), Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence
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Cavalli, Eddy; Duncan, Lynne G.; Elbro, Carsten; El Ahmadi, Abdessadek; Colé, Pascale – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
A phonological deficit constitutes a primary cause of developmental dyslexia, which persists into adulthood and can explain some aspects of their reading impairment. Nevertheless, some dyslexic adults successfully manage to study at university level, although very little is currently known about how they achieve this. The present study…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Reading Skills, Phonological Awareness, Morphology (Languages)
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Papagiannopoulou, Eleni A.; Lagopoulos, Jim – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
To elucidate the timing and the nature of neural disturbances in dyslexia and to further understand the topographical distribution of these, we examined entire brain regions employing the non-invasive auditory oddball P300 paradigm in children with dyslexia and neurotypical controls. Our findings revealed abnormalities for the dyslexia group in…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Children, Comparative Analysis
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Gilger, Jeffrey W. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
A panel of practioners and researchers convened to consider how to advance a broader understanding of the neurocognitive profile of people with dyslexia. While a great deal of research has been conducted on the reading process, the panel recognized that the "dyslexia brain" may be unique in other ways as well. In particular, the panel…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Reading Difficulties, Disabilities, Brain
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Wery, Jessica J.; Diliberto, Jennifer A. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
A single-subject alternating treatment design was used to investigate the extent to which a specialized dyslexia font, OpenDyslexic, impacted reading rate or accuracy compared to two commonly used fonts when used with elementary students identified as having dyslexia. OpenDyslexic was compared to Arial and Times New Roman in three reading tasks:…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Reading Rate, Accuracy, Reading Skills
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Yeari, Menahem; Isser, Michal; Schiff, Rachel – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
A controversy has recently developed regarding the hypothesis that developmental dyslexia may be caused, in some cases, by a reduced visual attention span (VAS). To examine this hypothesis, independent of phonological abilities, researchers tested the ability of dyslexic participants to recognize arrays of unfamiliar visual characters. Employing…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Attention Span, Visual Perception, Visual Discrimination
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Katan, Pesia; Kahta, Shani; Sasson, Ayelet; Schiff, Rachel – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
Graph complexity as measured by topological entropy has been previously shown to affect performance on artificial grammar learning tasks among typically developing children. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of graph complexity on implicit sequential learning among children with developmental dyslexia. Our goal was to determine…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Grammar, Sequential Learning, Children
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Schmalz, Xenia; Altoè, Gianmarco; Mulatti, Claudio – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
The existing literature on developmental dyslexia (hereafter: dyslexia) often focuses on isolating cognitive skills which differ across dyslexic and control participants. Among potential correlates, previous research has studied group differences between dyslexic and control participants in performance on statistical learning tasks. A statistical…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Incidental Learning, Differences, Literature Reviews
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Schiff, Rachel; Katan, Pesia; Sasson, Ayelet; Kahta, Shani – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
There is a long held view that chunks play a crucial role in artificial grammar learning performance. We compared chunk strength influences on performance, in high and low topological entropy (a measure of complexity) grammar systems, with dyslexic children, age-matched and reading-level-matched control participants. Findings show that age-matched…
Descriptors: Grammar, Dyslexia, Children, Comparative Analysis
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