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Primor, Liron; Pierce, Margaret E.; Katzir, Tami – Annals of Dyslexia, 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate which cognitive and reading-related linguistic skills contribute to reading comprehension of narrative and expository texts. The study examined an Israeli national database of Hebrew-speaking readers in fourth grade, from which a subsample of 190 readers with a reading disability (RD) and 190 readers with…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Reading Comprehension, Story Reading, Expository Writing
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Landi, Nicole; Mencl, W. Einar; Frost, Stephen J.; Sandak, Rebecca; Pugh, Kenneth R. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2010
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we investigated multimodal (visual and auditory) semantic and unimodal (visual only) phonological processing in reading disabled (RD) adolescents and non-impaired (NI) control participants. We found reduced activation for RD relative to NI in a number of left-hemisphere reading-related areas across all…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Reading Difficulties, Semantics, Phonology
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Calhoon, Mary Beth; Sandow, Alexia; Hunter, Charles V. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2010
The primary purpose of this study was to explore if there could be a more beneficial method in organizing the individual instructional reading components (phonological decoding, spelling, fluency, and reading comprehension) within a remedial reading program to increase sensitivity to instruction for middle school students with reading disabilities…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Reading Difficulties, Remedial Reading, Reading Programs
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Meisinger, Elizabeth B.; Bloom, Juliana S.; Hynd, George W. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2010
The current investigation explored the diagnostic utility of reading fluency measures in the identification of children with reading disabilities. Participants were 50 children referred to a university-based clinic because of suspected reading problems and/or a prior diagnosis of dyslexia, where children completed a battery of standardized…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Reading Tests, Disability Identification, Children
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Ise, Elena; Schulte-Korne, Gerd – Annals of Dyslexia, 2010
Orthographic spelling is a major difficulty in German-speaking children with dyslexia. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an orthographic spelling training in spelling-disabled students (grade 5 and 6). In study 1, ten children (treatment group) received 15 individually administered weekly intervention sessions (60…
Descriptors: German, Spelling, Children, Dyslexia
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Goodwin, Amanda P.; Ahn, Soyeon – Annals of Dyslexia, 2010
This study synthesizes 79 standardized mean-change differences between control and treatment groups from 17 independent studies, investigating the effect of morphological interventions on literacy outcomes for students with literacy difficulties. Average total sample size ranged from 15 to 261 from a wide range of grade levels. Overall,…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Language Impairments, Phonological Awareness
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Stothers, Margot; Klein, Perry D. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2010
It is not clear from research whether, or to what extent, reading comprehension is impaired in adults who have learning disabilities (LD). The influence of perceptual organization (PO) and phonological awareness (PA) on reading comprehension was investigated. PO and PA are cognitive functions that have been examined in previous research for their…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Stimuli, Learning Disabilities, Reading Tests
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Harlaar, Nicole; Cutting, Laurie; Deater-Deckard, Kirby; DeThorne, Laura S.; Justice, Laura M.; Schatschneider, Chris; Thompson, Lee A.; Petrill, Stephen A. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2010
We examined the Simple View of reading from a behavioral genetic perspective. Two aspects of word decoding (phonological decoding and word recognition), two aspects of oral language skill (listening comprehension and vocabulary), and reading comprehension were assessed in a twin sample at age 9. Using latent factor models, we found that overlap…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension, Oral Language, Genetics
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Snellings, Patrick; van der Leij, Aryan; Blok, Henk; de Jong, Peter F. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2010
This study investigated the role of speech perception accuracy and speed in fluent word decoding of reading disabled (RD) children. A same-different phoneme discrimination task with natural speech tested the perception of single consonants and consonant clusters by young but persistent RD children. RD children were slower than chronological age…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Reading Fluency, Phonetics, Phonemes
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Martin, Jennifer; Cole, Pascale; Leuwers, Christel; Casalis, Severine; Zorman, Michel; Sprenger-Charolles, Liliane – Annals of Dyslexia, 2010
This study investigated the reading and reading-related skills of 15 French-speaking adults with dyslexia, whose performance was compared with that of chronological-age controls (CA) and reading-level controls (RL). Experiment 1 assessed the efficiency of their phonological reading-related skills (phonemic awareness, phonological short-term…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Phonemic Awareness, Short Term Memory, French
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Donfrancesco, Renato; Iozzino, Roberto; Caruso, Barbara; Ferrante, Laura; Mugnaini, Daniele; Talamo, Alessandra; Miano, Silvia; Dimitri, Andrea; Masi, Gabriele – Annals of Dyslexia, 2010
Different moderators/mediators of risk are involved in developmental dyslexia (DD), but data are inconsistent. We explored the prevalence of season of birth and its association with gender and age of school entry in an Italian sample of dyslexic children compared to an Italian normal control group. The clinical sample included 498 children (345…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Dyslexia, Urban Areas, At Risk Persons
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Maionchi-Pino, Norbert; Magnan, Annie; Ecalle, Jean – Annals of Dyslexia, 2010
This study investigated the status of phonological representations in French dyslexic children (DY) compared with reading level- (RL) and chronological age-matched (CA) controls. We focused on the syllable's role and on the impact of French linguistic features. In Experiment 1, we assessed oral discrimination abilities of pairs of syllables that…
Descriptors: Silent Reading, Psycholinguistics, Syllables, Dyslexia
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Durrwachter, Ute; Sokolov, Alexander N.; Reinhard, Jens; Klosinski, Gunther; Trauzettel-Klosinski, Susanne – Annals of Dyslexia, 2010
We combined independently the word length and word frequency to examine if the difficulty of reading material affects eye movements in readers of German, which has high orthographic regularity, comparing the outcome with previous findings available in other languages. Sixteen carefully selected German-speaking dyslexic children (mean age, 9.5…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Dyslexia, Children, Word Frequency
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Torgesen, Joseph K.; Wagner, Richard K.; Rashotte, Carol A.; Herron, Jeannine; Lindamood, Patricia – Annals of Dyslexia, 2010
The relative effectiveness of two computer-assisted instructional programs designed to provide instruction and practice in foundational reading skills was examined. First-grade students at risk for reading disabilities received approximately 80 h of small-group instruction in four 50-min sessions per week from October through May. Approximately…
Descriptors: Small Group Instruction, Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Intervention
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Pavlidou, Elpis V.; Williams, Joanne M.; Kelly, Louise M. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2009
This paper explores implicit learning in typically developing and primary school children (9-12 years old) with developmental dyslexia using an artificial grammar learning (AGL) task. Two experiments were conducted, which differed in time of presentation and nature of the instructional set (experiment 1-implicit instructions vs experiment…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Statistical Analysis, Grammar, Elementary School Students
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