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Weiser, Beverly; Buss, Carolyn; Sheils, Ashley Parker; Gallegos, Elisa; Murray, L. Robin – Annals of Dyslexia, 2019
While qualitative research has shown great benefits for teachers who receive coaching, there is a paucity of experimental research examining students' academic outcomes after their teachers received ongoing support from a knowledgeable and experienced coach. Thus, a quasi-experimental design investigated the literacy outcomes of 452 students…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Special Education, Coaching (Performance), Educational Technology
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Gellert, Anna S.; Elbro, Carsten – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
The present study examined the predictive validity of a dynamic test of decoding in which participants are taught three novel letters and how to synthesize the corresponding letter sounds into new words. One version of this dynamic test was administered to 158 kindergarten children before the onset of formal reading instruction along with…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Decoding (Reading), Reading Instruction, Longitudinal Studies
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Torppa, Minna; Georgiou, George K.; Niemi, Pekka; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
Research and clinical practitioners have mixed views whether reading and spelling difficulties should be combined or seen as separate. This study examined the following: (a) if double dissociation between reading and spelling can be identified in a transparent orthography (Finnish) and (b) the cognitive and noncognitive precursors of this…
Descriptors: Spelling, Reading Instruction, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Reading Difficulties
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van Gorp, Karly; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
The direct, retention, and transfer effects of repeated word and pseudoword reading were studied in a pretest, training, posttest, retention design. First graders (48 good readers, 47 poor readers) read 25 CVC words and 25 CVC pseudowords in ten repeated word reading sessions, preceded and followed by a transfer task with a different set of items.…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Word Recognition, Decoding (Reading), Grade 1
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Hooper, Stephen R.; Costa, Lara-Jeane C.; McBee, Matthew; Anderson, Kathleen L.; Yerby, Donna Carlson; Childress, Amy; Knuth, Sean B. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2013
In a randomized controlled trial, 205 students were followed from grades 1 to 3 with a focus on changes in their writing trajectories following an evidence-based intervention during the spring of second grade. Students were identified as being at-risk (n = 138), and then randomized into treatment (n = 68) versus business-as-usual conditions (n =…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Written Language, Writing Instruction, Special Needs Students
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Ladd, Megan; Martin-Chang, Sandra; Levesque, Kyle – Annals of Dyslexia, 2011
Teacher reading-related knowledge (phonological awareness and phonics knowledge) predicts student reading, however little is known about the reading-related knowledge of parents. Participants comprised 70 dyads (children from kindergarten and grade 1 and their parents). Parents were administered a questionnaire tapping into reading-related…
Descriptors: Reading, Kindergarten, Grade 1, Elementary School Students
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van Otterloo, Sandra G.; van der Leij, Aryan – Annals of Dyslexia, 2009
Children (5 and 6 years old, n = 30) at familial risk of dyslexia received a home-based intervention that focused on phoneme awareness and letter knowledge in the year prior to formal reading instruction. The children were compared to a no-training at-risk control group (n = 27), which was selected a year earlier. After training, we found a small…
Descriptors: Intervention, Phonemes, Dyslexia, Foreign Countries
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Vloedgraven, Judith M. T.; Verhoeven, Ludo – Annals of Dyslexia, 2007
The purpose of the present study was to explore the possibilities for the assessment of growth in phonological awareness of children in kindergarten and first grade. Phonological awareness was measured using four sets of items involving rhyming, phoneme identification, phoneme blending, and phoneme segmentation. The results of an exploratory…
Descriptors: Phonemes, Phonology, Screening Tests, Factor Analysis
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Kobayashi, Maya Shiho; Haynes, Charles W.; Macaruso, Paul; Hook, Pamela E.; Kato, Junko – Annals of Dyslexia, 2005
This study examined the extent to which mora deletion (phonological analysis), nonword repetition (phonological memory), rapid automatized naming (RAN), and visual search abilities predict reading in Japanese kindergartners and first graders. Analogous abilities have been identified as important predictors of reading skills in alphabetic languages…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Beginning Reading, Reading Comprehension, Reading Rate
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Smit-Glaude, Sietsia W. D.; van Strien, Jan W.; Licht, Robert; Bakker, Dirk J. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2005
Kindergarten children at risk of developing language problems were administered the Florida Kindergarten Screening Battery. A principal components analysis revealed a verbal and a visual-spatial component and subsequent discriminant function analyses a high verbal/low visual-spatial group (LAL: Latent L) and a high visual-spatial flow verbal group…
Descriptors: Neuropsychology, Intervention, Kindergarten, Reading Difficulties
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Wood, Frank B.; Hill, Deborah F.; Meyer, Marianne S.; Flowers, D. Lynn – Annals of Dyslexia, 2005
Study 1 retrospectively analyzed neuropsychological and psychoeducational tests given to N = 220 first graders, with follow-up assessments in third and eighth grade. Four predictor constructs were derived: (1) Phonemic Awareness, (2) Picture Vocabulary, (3) Rapid Naming, and (4) Single Word Reading. Together, these accounted for 88%, 76%, 69%, and…
Descriptors: Predictive Measurement, Reading Fluency, Predictor Variables, Grade 1
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Fowler, Anne E.; Swainson, Brook – Annals of Dyslexia, 2004
The main hypotheses addressed in the research were (1) whether imprecision in the phonological representations of lexical items underlies the impaired expressive naming abilities of disabled readers, and (2) whether weak verbal memory might mediate the relationship between naming and reading skills. From samples of 93 first graders and 67 fourth…
Descriptors: Hypothesis Testing, Grade 1, Grade 4, Reading Skills
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de Jong, Peter F.; Vrielink, Lidy Oude – Annals of Dyslexia, 2004
One explanation for the relationship between serial rapid naming (SRN) and reading is that SRN affects the temporal proximity of the phonological activation of the letters in a word, which, in turn, influences the acquisition of orthographic knowledge. To test this hypothesis, a group of Dutch first grade children was trained in the rapid serial…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Beginning Reading, Reading Instruction, Foreign Countries
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Joshi, R. Malatesha; Dahlgren, Mary; Boulware-Gooden, Regina – Annals of Dyslexia, 2002
Twenty-four first-graders who were taught reading skills using the "Language Basics: Elementary" program, which incorporates the Orton-Gillingham-based Alphabetic Phonics Method, made statistically significant gains in phonological awareness, decoding, and reading comprehension. Thirty-two controls taught with the Houghton-Mifflin Basal…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Decoding (Reading), Elementary Education, Grade 1
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Pierson, Joanne Marttila – Annals of Dyslexia, 1999
A case study of a first-grader with dyslexia demonstrates that use of the child's interests and abilities in reading instruction resulted in a noticeable improvement in the child's willingness to engage in reading, writing, and phonological awareness activities. (Contains extensive references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Dyslexia, Grade 1, Individual Instruction
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