ERIC Number: EJ1195560
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Predictors for Grade 6 Reading in Children at Familial Risk of Dyslexia
van Setten, Ellie R. H.; Hakvoort, Britt E.; van der Leij, Aryan; Maurits, Natasha M.; Maassen, Ben A. M.
Annals of Dyslexia, v68 n3 p181-202 Oct 2018
The present study investigates whether grade 6 reading outcomes, reading fluency, and reading comprehension can be predicted by grade 3 reading fluency, familial risk of dyslexia (FR), and grade 3 reading related skills: rapid automatized naming (RAN), phonological awareness (PA), and vocabulary. In a sample of 150 children, of whom 83 had a parent with dyslexia, correlation and regression analyses were performed. FR, measured on a continuous scale, was by itself related to all outcomes. However, FR did not explain any variance on top of grade 3 reading fluency. Grade 3 reading fluency strongly predicted grade 6 reading fluency and was also related to reading comprehension. RAN improved the prediction of grade 6 reading fluency, though the additional explained variance was small. Vocabulary and PA fully explained the variance that grade 3 reading fluency explained in grade 6 reading comprehension. Vocabulary explained a substantial amount of variance in grade 6 reading comprehension making it an interesting clinical target. As we used continuous measures of reading fluency and FR, our findings are not biased by distinct diagnostic criteria.
Descriptors: Grade 6, At Risk Students, Reading Fluency, Reading Comprehension, Prediction, Grade 3, Elementary School Students, Dyslexia, Correlation, Vocabulary Development, Phonological Awareness, Genetics, Naming
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 6; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Grade 3; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A