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Showing 76 to 90 of 194 results Save | Export
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Eikeseth, Svein; Smith, Dean P. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
A common characteristic of the language deficits experienced by children with autism (and other developmental disorders) is their failure to acquire a complex intraverbal repertoire. The difficulties with learning intraverbal behaviors may, in part, be related to the fact that the stimulus control for such behaviors usually involves highly complex…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Tomash, J. J.; Reed, Phil – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Despite its theoretical importance, the effect of past punishment on verbal behavior is often overlooked in research due to the difficulty of measuring it. The present study explores the relationship between physiological arousal in humans and swearing; a behavior likely to have been punished in the typical conditioning history of an individual.…
Descriptors: Punishment, Verbal Communication, Correlation, Arousal Patterns
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Barlow, Kathryn E.; Tiger, Jeffrey H.; Slocum, Sarah K.; Miller, Sarah J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Therapists and educators frequently teach alternative-communication systems, such as picture exchanges or manual signs, to individuals with developmental disabilities who present with expressive language deficits. Michael (1985) recommended a taxonomy for alternative communication systems that differentiated between selection-based systems in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pictorial Stimuli, Sign Language, Language Impairments
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Moore, J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
The present comments concern Michael's concept of motivative variables, and the implications of that concept for our understanding of the nature of reinforcement as well as the extinction of responses maintained through positive and negative reinforcement. We note that both extinction and altering motivative variables decrease responding, but…
Descriptors: Motivation, Learning Processes, Responses, Negative Reinforcement
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Vargas, E. A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
A series of quotes from B. F. Skinner illustrates the importance of form in his analysis of verbal behavior. In that analysis, form plays an important part in contingency control. Form and function complement each other. Function, the array of variables that control a verbal utterance, dictates the meaning of a specified form; form, as stipulated…
Descriptors: Behaviorism, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Verbal Communication, Linguistic Theory
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Stewart, Ian; McElwee, John; Ming, Siri – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Language generativity can be described as the ability to produce sentences never before said, and to understand sentences never before heard. One process often cited as underlying language generativity is response generalization. However, though the latter seems to promise a technical understanding of the former at a process level, an…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Generalization, Language Research, Linguistic Theory
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Miguel, Caio F. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Among many of Jack Michael's contributions to the field of behavior analysis is his behavioral account of motivation. This paper focuses on the concept of "motivating operation" (MO) by outlining its development from Skinner's (1938) notion of "drive." Conceptually, Michael's term helped us change our focus on…
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Motivation, Research Methodology, Environmental Influences
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Carbone, Vincent J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Twenty years ago Michael (1993) refined and extended the concept of the conditioned establishing operation (CEO). With this paper he updated his previous treatment of the topic (Michael, 1982) by providing terminological refinements and conceptually clear descriptions of the reflexive and transitive CEOs. In the 20 years since the publication of…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Behavior, Motivation, Conditioning
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Esch, John W.; Mahoney, Amanda M.; Kestner, Kathryn M.; LaLonde, Kate B.; Esch, Barbara E. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Eleven typically developing children were assessed on the accuracy of prompted self-echoic responses following a 5-s delay from their initial echoic response, replicating procedures in Esch, Esch, McCart, and Petursdottir (2010) that compared discrepancies between echoic and self-echoic scores of autistic and typically developing children…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Responses, Children, Accuracy
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Gross, Amy C.; Fuqua, Wayne; Merritt, Todd A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Approximately 5% of older adults have a dementia diagnosis, and language deterioration is commonly associated with this disorder (Kempler, 2005). Several instruments have been developed to diagnose dementia and assess language capabilities of elderly adults. However, none of these instruments take a functional approach to language assessment as…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Older Adults, Dementia, Language Skills
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Kisamore, April N.; Karsten, Amanda M.; Mann, Charlotte C.; Conde, Kerry Ann – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Axe (2008) speculated that some instances of intraverbal responding might be associated with limited or delayed acquisition because they require discrimination of multiple components of verbal stimuli. Past studies suggest that acquisition of responses under control of complex, multicomponent antecedent stimuli (e.g., conditional or compound…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Verbal Communication, Responses, Repetition
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Karsina, Allen; Thompson, Rachel H.; Rodriguez, Nicole M.; Vanselow, Nicholas R. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
We evaluated the effects of differential reinforcement and accurate verbal rules with feedback on the preference for choice and the verbal reports of 6 adults. Participants earned points on a probabilistic schedule by completing the terminal links of a concurrent-chains arrangement in a computer-based game of chance. In free-choice terminal links,…
Descriptors: Correlation, Numbers, Probability, Reinforcement
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Ostvik, Leni; Eikeseth, Svein; Klintwall, Lars – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
This study replicated and extended Wright (2006) and Whitehurst, Ironsmith, and Goldfein (1974) by examining whether preschool aged children would increase their use of passive grammatical voice rather than using the more age-appropriate active grammatical construction when the former was modeled by an adult. Results showed that 5 of the 6…
Descriptors: Grammar, Verbal Stimuli, Positive Reinforcement, Verbs
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Speckman, JeanneMarie; Greer, R. Douglas; Rivera-Valdes, Celestina – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
We report 2 experiments that tested the effects of multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) across training sets on the emergence of productive autoclitic frames (suffixes) for 6 preschoolers with and without language-based disabilities. We implemented multiple exemplar tact instruction with subsets of stimuli whose "names" contained the suffix "-er"…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Verbal Stimuli, Suffixes, Experiments
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Guzinski, Erin M.; Cihon, Traci M.; Eshleman, John – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
This study was a systematic extension of Karmali, Greer, Nuzzulo-Gomez, Ross, and Rivera-Valdes (2005) and Ahearn, Clark, MacDonald, and Chung (2007). We investigated the effects of a tact correction procedure on stereotypic vocalizations in 4 children diagnosed with autism who ranged in age from 6 to 16 years. Participants had limited vocal…
Descriptors: Validity, Behavior Modification, Autism, Verbal Stimuli
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