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Showing 61 to 75 of 194 results Save | Export
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Valentino, Amber L.; Conine, Daniel E.; Delfs, Caitlin H.; Furlow, Christopher M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2015
Echoic, tact, and textual transfer procedures have been proven successful in establishing simple intraverbals (Braam and Poling "Applied Research in Mental Retardation," 4, 279-302, 1983; Luciano "Applied Research in Mental Retardation," 102, 346-357, 1986; Watkins et al. "The Analysis of Verbal Behavior," 7, 69-81,…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Story Telling, Prompting, Teaching Methods
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Longano, Jennifer M.; Greer, R. Douglas – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2015
Naming refers to the incidental acquisition of word-object relations as listener and speaker without explicit reinforcement. To investigate possible sources of reinforcement for naming, we examined the effects of a procedure for conditioning reinforcement for observing responses on the emergence of naming in children who previously lacked it. The…
Descriptors: Naming, Reinforcement, Conditioning, Responses
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Byrne, Brittany L.; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne; Aguirre, Angelica A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
The stimulus pairing observation procedure (SPOP) combined with multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) has been shown to be effective with typically developing preschoolers in establishing the joint stimulus control required for the development of naming. The purpose of the current investigation was to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the…
Descriptors: Autism, Preschool Children, Naming, Instructional Effectiveness
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Pérez-González, Luis Antonio; Cereijo-Blanco, Noelia; Carnerero, José Julio – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
Naming consists of tacting an object and selecting it upon hearing its name as a result of emergence. After acquiring naming, children learn object-name relations more quickly and, hence, it is an important achievement in development. We studied the acquisition of the two skills that define naming, using two procedures, in seven typically…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Comparative Analysis, Naming, Learning Processes
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Oleson, Chelsey R.; Baker, Jonathan C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
Millions of Americans are diagnosed with dementia, and that number is only expected to rise. The diagnosis of dementia comes with impairments, especially in language. Furthermore, dementia-related functional declines appear to be moderated by environmental variables (Alzheimer's Association, "Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Communication Skills, Older Adults, Dementia
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Kuroda, Toshikazu; Lattal, Kennon A.; García-Penagos, Andrés – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
Using a conditional discrimination procedure, pigeons were exposed to a nonverbal analogue of qualifying autoclitics such as "definitely" and "maybe." It has been suggested that these autoclitics are similar to tacts except that they are under the control of private discriminative stimuli. Instead of the conventional assumption…
Descriptors: Animals, Discrimination Learning, Nonverbal Communication, Stimuli
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Loughrey, Tara Olivia; Contreras, Bethany P.; Majdalany, Lina M.; Rudy, Nikki; Sinn, Stephanie; Teague, Patricia; Marshall, Genevieve; McGreevy, Patrick; Harvey, A. Celeste – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
We evaluated the use of behavioral skills training (BST) to train caregivers to conduct procedures commonly associated with mand training. We trained two caregivers on the following procedures: (a) conducting preference assessments, (b) delivering preferred items contingent on appropriate behavior, (c) capturing and contriving motivating…
Descriptors: Caregivers, Child Caregivers, Caregiver Training, Behavior Modification
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Zaine, Isabela; Domeniconi, Camila; de Rose, Julio C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
This study evaluated an intervention package combining simple and conditional discrimination training and specific reinforcement for each stimulus class in teaching reading of simple words to individuals with intellectual disabilities. In conditional discrimination training, participants matched printed words and pictures to the recorded sounds…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Intervention, Discrimination Learning, Intellectual Disability
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Vallinger-Brown, Mary; Rosales, Rocío – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
We examined two methods to facilitate the emergence of untaught intraverbal responses to children with autism. Listener behavior training (LT) involved reinforcement of a selection-based response following presentation of an array of pictures on an iPad® and an auditory instruction describing a characteristic of the picture. Stimulus pairing (SP)…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Autism, Children, Listening Skills
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Miller, Jonathan R.; Hirst, Jason M.; Kaplan, Brent A.; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.; Reed, Derek D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
The effects of two types of mands on participants' adherence to instructions were examined across two groups using procedures based on Hackenberg and Joker ("Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior" 62:367-383, 1994). Participants were presented with instructions describing a pattern of responding for producing points later…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Verbal Stimuli, Laboratories
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Sheyab, Mahmoud; Pritchard, Josh; Malady, Mark – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
In the current study, we reinforced tacts with positive qualifying autoclitics for reading and evaluated the subsequent effect on the allocation of reading behavior. Participants were four typically developing children between 9 and 12 years of age whose primary language was Arabic. We exposed each participant to pre- and posttreatment sessions to…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Reading Habits, Children, Pretests Posttests
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Shillingsburg, M. Alice; Powell, Nicole M.; Bowen, Crystal N. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Mand training is often a primary focus in early language instruction and typically includes mands that are positively reinforced. However, mands maintained by negative reinforcement are also important skills to teach. These include mands to escape aversive demands or unwanted items. Another type of negatively reinforced mand important to teach…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Negative Reinforcement
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Fryling, Mitch J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior has been the subject of much controversy in recent years. While criticism has historically come from outside the field of behavior analysis, there are now well-articulated arguments against Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior from within the field as well. Recently, advocates of…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Behavioral Science Research, Definitions, Animals
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Sundberg, Mark L. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Skinner discussed the topic of motivation in every chapter of the book "Verbal Behavior" (1957), usually with his preferred terminology of ''deprivation, satiation, and aversive stimulation.'' In the current paper, direct quotations are used to systematically take the reader through 30 separate points made by Skinner…
Descriptors: Books, Motivation, Verbal Communication, Behavior
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Koehler-Platten, Kate; Grow, Laura L.; Schulze, Kimberly A.; Bertone, Tara – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Shaping functional vocal language is difficult when an individual has not yet acquired an echoic repertoire and does not emit sufficient phonemes (i.e., speech sounds) for shaping. Few studies have evaluated interventions to increase the frequency and breadth of phonemes. The current study extended Esch, Esch, and Love (2009) by evaluating the…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Phonemic Awareness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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