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Showing 181 to 194 of 194 results Save | Export
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Grant, Lyle K. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
A functional analysis of selected aspects of imaginative literature is presented. Reading imaginative literature is described as a process in which the reader makes indirect contact with the contingencies operating on the behavior of story characters. A functional story grammar is proposed in which the reader's experience with a story is…
Descriptors: Fiction, Literature, Functional Behavioral Assessment, Reader Text Relationship
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Schoneberger, Ted – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
In "What's Within? Nativism Reconsidered" (1999) Fiona Cowie addresses three questions: (1) What is nativism? (2) What is meant by calling some trait "innate"? and (3) What types of evidence should be offered when claiming innateness? This review concentrates on these questions as they pertain to Chomsky's faculties-based account of language…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Brain, Educational Philosophy, Epistemology
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Drash, Philip W.; Tudor, Roger M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
This paper analyzes autism as a contingency-shaped disorder of verbal behavior. Contingencies of reinforcement in effect during the first to third year of a child's life may operate to establish and maintain those behaviors that later result in a diagnosis of autism. While neurobiological variables may, in some cases, predispose some children to…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Communication Disorders, Etiology, Autism
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Carr, James E.; LeBlanc, Linda A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
The authors comment on Drash and Tudor's operant theory of autism. Concerns with the theory's face validity and empirical support are presented, along with concerns about four aspects of the theory.
Descriptors: Autism, Validity, Behavior Theories, Social Environment
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Hall, Genae A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
Drash and Tudor describe six sets of reinforcement contingencies which may be present in the environments of some children eventually diagnosed with autism and suggest that these contingencies account for the etiology of "autistic" behaviors. Nevertheless, merely observing such contingencies in the environments of these children is insufficient to…
Descriptors: Autism, Disabilities, Etiology, Correlation
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Hixson, Michael D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
Drash and Tudor's argument that autism is a contingency-shaped disorder of verbal behavior is logical and consistent with behavioral principles, but the argument's premises have no direct empirical support and some conflicting evidence. The quantity and quality of research needed to support such a theory is compared to that found in the area of…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Social Development, Antisocial Behavior, Autism
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Drash, Philip W.; Tudor, Roger M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
This paper presents a response to five commentaries on our article "An Analysis of Autism as a Contingency-Shaped Disorder of Verbal Behavior" (Drash & Tudor, 2004). One of the principal objectives of that article is to provide the behavior analysis community and the autism community with a conceptual basis for analyzing autism as a behavioral…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Prevention, Autism, Etiology
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Nuzzolo-Gomez, Robin; Greer, R. Douglas – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
We tested the effects of multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) on the emergence of untaught mands or tacts of adjective-object pairs in a multiple-probe design across four students with autism/developmental disabilities. None of the students emitted either mands or tacts for three sets of three adjective-object pairs (word sets counterbalanced…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Form Classes (Languages), Autism, Developmental Disabilities
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Lowenkron, Barry – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
Although the verbal operants that comprise Skinner's account of verbal behavior provide a seemingly complete description of the behavior of the speaker with respect to what is ordinarily called the expression of meanings, it may be shown that the account is intrinsically deficient in describing the receptive behavior of listeners with regard to…
Descriptors: Children, Verbal Stimuli, Comprehension, Form Classes (Languages)
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Layng, T. V. Joe; Twyman, Janet S.; Stikeleather, Greg – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
A learning situation in which the principal content of what is to be learned is not given but is independently discovered by the learner is often considered "discovery learning." Recently, learning scientists have been able to make explicit some of the conditions under which such independent discovery is likely to occur (Andronis, 1983; Epstein,…
Descriptors: Phonics, Early Reading, Beginning Reading, Reading Programs
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Palmer, David C.; Eshleman, John; Brandon, Paul; Layng, T. V. Joe; McDonough, Christopher; Michael, Jack; Schoneberger, Ted; Stemmer, Nathan; Weitzman, Ray; Normand, Matthew – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
In the fall of 2003, the authors corresponded on the topic of private events on the listserv of the Verbal Behavior Special Interest Group. Extracts from that correspondence raised questions about the role of response amplitude in determining units of analysis, whether private events can be investigated directly, and whether covert behavior…
Descriptors: Discrimination Learning, Verbal Stimuli, Reinforcement, Behavior Theories
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McCarty, Amy L. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
Without written forms, signed languages do not permit the type of textual record available to speakers of English and other written languages. Deaf signers have generally relied on the language of the dominant hearing culture for this purpose. Because of their visual-gestural modality, signed languages present a unique set of challenges for…
Descriptors: Written Language, American Sign Language, Orthographic Symbols, Language Acquisition
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Moxley, Roy A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
R. Douglas Greer's "Designing Teaching Strategies" is an important book directed to advanced students in applied behavior analysis for classrooms. This review presents some of the striking features of the Comprehensive Applied Behavior Analysis to Schooling (CABAS[R]) program and the individualized instruction that the book advances. These include…
Descriptors: Advanced Students, Systems Approach, Individualized Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Hesse, Bruce E.; Potter, Bill – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2004
"The Alex Studies: Cognitive and Communicative Abilities of Grey Parrots" by Irene Pepperberg is reviewed from a behavior analytic orientation. The results of the majority of her experiments are discussed in terms drawn from the general literature of behavior analysis and Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior. We conclude that she has provided…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Animals, Communication Skills, Interpersonal Communication
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