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Showing 151 to 165 of 194 results Save | Export
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Sweeney-Kerwin, Emily J.; Carbone, Vincent J.; O'Brien, Leigh; Zecchin, Gina; Janecky, Marietta N. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Few studies have made use of B. F. Skinner's (1957) behavioral analysis of language and precise taxonomy of verbal behavior when describing the controlling variables for the mand relation. Consequently, the motivating operation (MO) has not typically been identified as an independent variable and the nature of a spontaneous mand has been…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Children, Autism, Speech
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Ward, Steven J.; Osnes, Pamela J.; Partington, James W. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Children with autism and related disabilities frequently fail to develop echoic repertoires. Among the ways in which treatment approaches vary is the extent to which automatic reinforcement is utilized. The present experiment was designed to test the efficacy of a procedure that incorporates automatic reinforcement and socially mediated…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Reinforcement, Speech
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Vignes, Tore – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
This study is a replication of Sundberg and Sundberg (1990) that compared topography-based verbal behavior with selection-based verbal behavior in terms of acquisition, accuracy, and testing for the emergence of a new verbal relation. Participants were three typical children and three developmentally disabled persons with autism. The study sought…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Verbal Communication, Children, Adolescents
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Cihon, Traci M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Intraverbal behavior is common in conversation and academic and professional settings. Many individuals with disabilities fail to acquire intraverbal repertoires. Some individuals who do acquire intraverbal behavior fail to acquire responses that are functional and complete. Research has examined procedures to establish or increase intraverbal…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Responses, Precision Teaching, Developmental Disabilities
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Yoon, Soyoung; Feliciano, Gina M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Effects of a stimulus-stimulus pairing procedure on the subsequent acquisition of mand operants were investigated. An attempt was made to shape novel sounds that emerged through the pairing procedure into a mand. Six children, aged two to five years, with moderate to severe language and communication delays, participated. Two conditions were used…
Descriptors: Young Children, Language Impairments, Reinforcement, Verbal Operant Conditioning
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Catania, A. Charles – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
As instances of behavior, words interact with environments. But they also interact with each other and with other kinds of behavior. Because of the interlocking nature of the contingencies into which words enter, their behavioral properties may become increasingly removed from nonverbal contingencies, and their relationship to those contingencies…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Verbal Communication, Behavior Modification, Attention
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Hammonds, Frank – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
The existence of learning without awareness has been debated for many years. Learning without awareness is said to occur when an individual's behavior has been affected without that individual being aware of the conditions affecting the behavior, of the relationship between those conditions and the behavior, or of the fact that the behavior has…
Descriptors: Verbal Learning, Behavior, Behavior Change, Perception
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Greer, R. Douglas – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
Some evolutionary cognitive and developmental psychologists propose that the human mind consists of domain-specific modules. These are characterized as self-contained "mini-computers" that process information of a certain kind. In their book, "Original Intelligence," the Premacks set out to provide a synthesis of evidence from various fields in…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Developmental Psychology, Evolution, Biological Sciences
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Sidener, David W. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
The following paper describes Lowenkron's model of joint (stimulus) control. Joint control is described as a means of accounting for performances, especially generalized performances, for which a history of contingency control does not provide an adequate account. Examples are provided to illustrate instances in which joint control may facilitate…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Performance, Adaptive Testing, Models
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Lowenkron, Barry – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
Lowenkron and colleagues (Lowenkron, 1984; 1991; 1998; 2006; Lowenkron and Colvin, 1992) describe a model that explains complex behavior using only well-established behavioral principles, concepts and terms. The model, called "joint control," is especially useful for understanding complex and delayed discriminations within a purely behavioral…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Behavior, Models, Discrimination Learning
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Wright, Anhvinh N. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
Language acquisition has been a contentious topic among linguists, psycholinguists, and behaviorists for decades. Although numerous theories of language acquisition have surfaced, none have sufficiently accounted for the subtleties of the language that children acquire. The present study attempts to explain the role of modeling and automatic…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Behavior, Verbal Stimuli, Sentences
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Sidener, David W.; Michael, Jack – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
The ability of preschool age children to perform generalized relational matching to sample tasks with and without an overt mediating stimulus was examined. This experiment was a direct replication of a study by Lowenkron (1984) and examined a behavioral model relevant to complex human behavior that he later came to call "joint control." Children…
Descriptors: Generalization, Objective Tests, Preschool Children, Stimuli
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Gutierrez, Rick D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
Behavior analysts have offered accounts of the behavior involved in matching to sample and delayed matching to sample. But until recently have not offered a behavioral analysis of generalized matching-to-sample. The concept of joint control, however, seems especially suited to such an analysis The present study used a joint-control procedure to…
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Objective Tests, Stimuli, Sequential Learning
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Tu, Joyce C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
In the present study, joint-control training was applied when teaching manded selection responses to children with autism. Four vocal children with autism participated in the first experiment, two males (ages seven and eight) and two females (ages seven and nine). The results showed that it was only after object-word naming was trained under joint…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Selection, Responses, Verbal Operant Conditioning
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Palmer, David C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2006
The discrimination of the onset of joint control is an important interpretive tool in explaining matching behavior and other complex phenomena, but the difficulty of getting experimental control of all relevant variables stands in the way of a definitive experiment. The studies in the present issue of "The Analysis of Verbal Behavior" illustrate…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Research Methodology, Protocol Analysis
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