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Showing 136 to 150 of 194 results Save | Export
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Stock, Richard A.; Schulze, Kimberly A.; Mirenda, Pat – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
An alternating treatments design was employed to compare the effect of stimulus-stimulus pairing, standard echoic training, and a control condition on the vocal behavior of 3 preschoolers with autism. Data were recorded during pre- and postsession observations. During the stimulus-stimulus pairing condition, the experimenter's vocal model was…
Descriptors: Autism, Outcomes of Treatment, Comparative Analysis, Behavior
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Carroll, Regina A.; Klatt, Kevin P. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
In this study the effect of a stimulus-stimulus pairing procedure was used as part of a clinical investigation to increase vocalizations for two young children diagnosed with autism. This procedure involved pairing a vocal sound with a preferred stimulus (e.g., toy) to condition automatic reinforcement. In addition, this study assessed the effects…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Autism, Behavior Modification, Young Children
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Baker, Jonathan C.; LeBlanc, Linda A.; Raetz, Paige B. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
Aphasia is an acquired language impairment that affects over 1 million individuals, the majority of whom are over age 65 (Groher, 1989). This disorder has typically been conceptualized within a cognitive neuroscience framework, but a behavioral interpretation of aphasia is also possible. Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior proposes a…
Descriptors: Responses, Stimuli, Aphasia, Language Impairments
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Axe, Judah B. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
Conditional discrimination is inherent in the intraverbal relation when one verbal stimulus alters the evocative effect of another verbal stimulus and they collectively evoke an intraverbal response. Rarely in research on conditional discriminations have both conditional and discriminative stimuli been vocal verbal and rarely have the responses…
Descriptors: Topography, Autism, Developmental Disabilities, Operant Conditioning
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Ziomek, M. M.; Rehfeldt, R. A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
This study compared the total amount of training time and total number of trial blocks for individuals with severe developmental disabilities to acquire mands under control of unconditioned establishing operations and mands under control of transitive conditioned establishing operations for manual sign and for the Picture Exchange Communication…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Generalization, Comparative Analysis, Severe Disabilities
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Elias, N. C.; Goyos, C.; Saunders, M.; Saunders, R. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
The objective of this study was to teach manual signs through an automated matching-to-sample procedure and to test for the emergence of new conditional relations and imitative behaviors. Seven adults with mild to severe mental retardation participated. Four were also hearing impaired. Relations between manual signs (set A) and pictures (set B)…
Descriptors: Observation, Sign Language, Teaching Methods, Imitation
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Chase, P. N.; Ellenwood, D. W.; Madden, G. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
Matching-to-sample and sequence training procedures were used to develop responding to stimulus classes that were considered analogous to 3 aspects of verbal behavior: identifying synonyms and parts of speech,and using syntax. Matching-to-sample procedures were used to train 12 paired associates from among 24 stimuli. These pairs were analogous to…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Semantics, Form Classes (Languages), Language Acquisition
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Hubner, M. M. C.; Austin, J.; Miguel, C. F. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
In the current study, tacts with positive qualifying autoclitics for reading were reinforced in order to determine if this procedure would increase the time spent reading by participants. Participants included 5 children, between 9-10 years old. Participants were individually exposed to 4 free operant sessions during which they were instructed to…
Descriptors: Play, Intervention, Independent Reading, Reading Motivation
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Jennett, Heather K.; Harris, Sandra L.; Delmolino, Lara – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
The present study compared the effects of discrete trial instruction (DTI) and mand training on the acquisition of independent requests in 6 children with autism. Two multiple-probe designs across participants were conducted with 3 participants receiving mand training followed by DTI and the other 3 receiving DTI followed by mand training. Eye…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Autism, Human Body, Comparative Analysis
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Weitzman, Raymond S. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
A major focus of research on language acquisition in infancy involves experimental studies of the infant's ability to discriminate various kinds of speech or speech-like stimuli. This research has demonstrated that infants are sensitive to many fine-grained differences in the acoustic properties of speech utterance. Furthermore, these empirical…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Acquisition, Research Needs, Verbal Stimuli
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Adelman, Barry Eshkol – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Chomsky's (1959) review of Skinner's (1957) "Verbal Behavior" has been influential and attributed with a role in the cognitive revolution. However, while counter reviews from within behavior analysis have noted that Chomsky misunderstood the subject matter, certain aspects of his scholarship have been underdiscussed. This includes several…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Psychologists, Periodicals, Verbal Communication
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Verbeke, Aynsley K.; Martin, Garry L.; Yu, C. T.; Martin, Toby L. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Research has shown that performance on the "Assessment of Basic Learning Abilities" (ABLA) test correlates with language assessments for persons with developmental disabilities. This study investigated whether performance on ABLA Level 6, an auditory-visual discrimination, predicts performance on a receptive language task with persons with severe…
Descriptors: Severe Mental Retardation, Adults, Tests, Auditory Discrimination
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Washio, Yukiko; Houmanfar, Ramona – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Transfer of training from an instructional environment to a natural environment may bring about ineffective language performance by bilingual individuals. In that regard, this study was designed to demonstrate the effect of such a transition on individuals' language performance. A series of Japanese and English words were used as sample and…
Descriptors: Conversational Language Courses, Transfer of Training, Communicative Competence (Languages), Differences
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Grant, Lyle K. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
This paper outlines a behavior-analysis approach to the field of narratology, the study of the narrative or story, with emphasis on nonfiction stories and the processes by which such stories distort the world they describe. Stories are described in terms of (a) a behavior-analysis adaptation of Todorov's (1977) analysis of the plots of stories in…
Descriptors: Nonfiction, Story Telling, Story Grammar, Discourse Analysis
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Fiorile, Carol A.; Greer, R. Douglas – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
The phenomenon identified as naming is a key stage of language function that is missing in many children with autism and other language delay diagnoses. We identified four children with autism, who, prior to the implementation of this experiment, did not have the naming repertoire (either speaker to listener or listener to speaker) and who had no…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Preschool Children, Autism, Language Acquisition
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