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Ingvarsson, Einar T.; Kramer, Rachel L.; Carp, Charlotte L.; Pétursdóttir, Anna I.; Macias, Heather – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
We evaluated the use of a blocked-trials procedure to establish complex stimulus control over intraverbal responses. The participants were four young boys with a diagnosis of autism who had struggled to master intraverbals. The blocked-trials procedures involved presentation of stimuli in separate trial blocks. The trial blocks gradually reduced…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Communication, Responses
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Koehler-Platten, Kate; Grow, Laura L.; Schulze, Kimberly A.; Bertone, Tara – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Shaping functional vocal language is difficult when an individual has not yet acquired an echoic repertoire and does not emit sufficient phonemes (i.e., speech sounds) for shaping. Few studies have evaluated interventions to increase the frequency and breadth of phonemes. The current study extended Esch, Esch, and Love (2009) by evaluating the…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Phonemic Awareness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Barlow, Kathryn E.; Tiger, Jeffrey H.; Slocum, Sarah K.; Miller, Sarah J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Therapists and educators frequently teach alternative-communication systems, such as picture exchanges or manual signs, to individuals with developmental disabilities who present with expressive language deficits. Michael (1985) recommended a taxonomy for alternative communication systems that differentiated between selection-based systems in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pictorial Stimuli, Sign Language, Language Impairments
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Greer, R. D.; Yaun, L.; Gautreaux, G. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
We tested the effect of multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) on acquisition of joint spelling responses, vocal to written and vice versa, for three sets of five words by four kindergarteners with language delays using a delayed multiple probe design. First, students were taught to spell Set 1 as either vocal or written responses (two vocal and two…
Descriptors: Spelling, Responses, Instructional Effectiveness, Verbal Communication