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Hranchuk, Kieva; Douglas Greer, R.; Longano, Jennifer – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2019
Prior research found that without the naming cusp, children did not learn from instructional demonstrations presented before learn units (IDLUs) (i.e., modeling an expected response twice for a learner prior to delivering an instructional antecedent), however, following the establishment of naming, they could. The present study was designed to…
Descriptors: Demonstrations (Educational), Efficiency, Naming, Units of Study
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Barry, Lorna; Holloway, Jennifer; Gunning, Ciara – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2019
Communication deficits in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can manifest in a myriad of lifelong social and educational challenges. Many children with ASD fail to learn vocal verbal behavior and may require intensive individualized intervention to learn early verbal operants. The current research aimed to evaluate the effects of a…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Individualized Instruction, Responses
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Ratkos, Thom; Frieder, Jessica E.; Poling, Alan – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
Research on joint control has focused on mediational responses, in which simultaneous stimulus control from two sources leads to the emission of a single response, such as choosing a comparison stimulus in delayed matching-to-sample. Most recent studies of joint control examined the role of verbal mediators (i.e., rehearsal) in evoking accurate…
Descriptors: Pacing, Mediation Theory, Behavioral Science Research, Verbal Stimuli
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Sellers, Tyra P.; Kelley, Kristen; Higbee, Thomas S.; Wolfe, Katie – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
Young children with autism may fail to mand using a range of frames (e.g., "I want," "May I have," "Please give me"). We examined the effects of simultaneous script training and script fading on acquisition and maintenance of varied mand frames with six preschool children with autism. For participants who did not…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Autism, Young Children, Training
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Devine, Bailey; Carp, Charlotte L.; Hiett, Kiley A.; Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
Effective intraverbal responding often requires control by multiple elements of a verbal stimulus. The purpose of this study was to examine the emergence of such intraverbal relations following tact instruction with compound stimuli and to analyze any resulting error patterns. Participants were seven typically developing children between 3 and…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Verbal Stimuli, Teaching Methods, Responses
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Ingvarsson, Einar T.; Kramer, Rachel L.; Carp, Charlotte L.; Pétursdóttir, Anna I.; Macias, Heather – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
We evaluated the use of a blocked-trials procedure to establish complex stimulus control over intraverbal responses. The participants were four young boys with a diagnosis of autism who had struggled to master intraverbals. The blocked-trials procedures involved presentation of stimuli in separate trial blocks. The trial blocks gradually reduced…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Communication, Responses
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Longano, Jennifer M.; Greer, R. Douglas – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2015
Naming refers to the incidental acquisition of word-object relations as listener and speaker without explicit reinforcement. To investigate possible sources of reinforcement for naming, we examined the effects of a procedure for conditioning reinforcement for observing responses on the emergence of naming in children who previously lacked it. The…
Descriptors: Naming, Reinforcement, Conditioning, Responses
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Shillingsburg, M. Alice; Powell, Nicole M.; Bowen, Crystal N. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Mand training is often a primary focus in early language instruction and typically includes mands that are positively reinforced. However, mands maintained by negative reinforcement are also important skills to teach. These include mands to escape aversive demands or unwanted items. Another type of negatively reinforced mand important to teach…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Negative Reinforcement
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Koehler-Platten, Kate; Grow, Laura L.; Schulze, Kimberly A.; Bertone, Tara – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Shaping functional vocal language is difficult when an individual has not yet acquired an echoic repertoire and does not emit sufficient phonemes (i.e., speech sounds) for shaping. Few studies have evaluated interventions to increase the frequency and breadth of phonemes. The current study extended Esch, Esch, and Love (2009) by evaluating the…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Phonemic Awareness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Barlow, Kathryn E.; Tiger, Jeffrey H.; Slocum, Sarah K.; Miller, Sarah J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Therapists and educators frequently teach alternative-communication systems, such as picture exchanges or manual signs, to individuals with developmental disabilities who present with expressive language deficits. Michael (1985) recommended a taxonomy for alternative communication systems that differentiated between selection-based systems in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pictorial Stimuli, Sign Language, Language Impairments
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Sprinkle, Evelyn C.; Miguel, Caio F. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
The current study assessed the use of standard conditional discrimination (i.e., listener) and textual/tact (i.e., speaker) training in the establishment of equivalence classes containing dictated names, tacts/textual responses, pictures and printed words. Four children (ages 5 to 7 years) diagnosed with autism were taught to select pictures and…
Descriptors: Autism, Behavioral Science Research, Young Children, Naming
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Tarbox, Jonathan; Zuckerman, Carrie K.; Bishop, Michele R.; Olive, Melissa L.; O'Hora, Denis P. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Rule-governed behavior is generally considered an integral component of complex verbal repertoires but has rarely been the subject of empirical research. In particular, little or no previous research has attempted to establish rule-governed behavior in individuals who do not already display the repertoire. This study consists of two experiments…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Compliance (Psychology), Generalization
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Ferreri, Summer J.; Plavnick, Joshua B. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Many children with severe developmental disabilities emit idiosyncratic gestures that may function as verbal operants (Sigafoos et al., 2000). This study examined the effectiveness of a functional analysis methodology to identify the variables responsible for gestures emitted by 2 young children with severe developmental disabilities. Potential…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Developmental Disabilities, Young Children, Nonverbal Communication
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Esch, John W.; Esch, Barbara E.; McCart, Jordon D.; Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2010
In the behavioral literature, self-echoic behavior has been hypothesized to play an important role in, for example, emergent conditional discriminations (e.g., Lowenkron, 1991), emergent verbal operants (Horne & Lowe, 1996), and problem solving (Skinner, 1957). Although early behavioral intervention programs for children with autism emphasize the…
Descriptors: Intervention, Autism, Child Behavior, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Normand, M. P.; Severtson, E. S.; Beavers, G. A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2008
The functions of an American Sign Language response were experimentally evaluated with a young boy diagnosed with autism. A functional analysis procedure based on that reported by Lerman et al. (2005) was used to evaluate whether the target sign response would occur under mand, tact, mimetic, or control conditions. The target sign was observed…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Autism, American Sign Language, Functional Behavioral Assessment
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