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Hawkins, Emma; Gautreaux, Grant; Chiesa, Mecca – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2018
Conceptually, the use of the technical term "naming" appears to be a broad term that describes several subtypes of emergent verbal behavior. Miguel ("The Analysis of Verbal Behavior," 32, 125-138, Miguel, 2016) introduces the concept of subtypes of naming, specifically common bidirectional naming and intraverbal bidirectional…
Descriptors: Naming, Verbal Stimuli, Taxonomy, Models
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Kodak, Tiffany; Bergmann, Samantha; LeBlanc, Brittany; Harman, Michael J.; Ayazi, Maryam – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2018
Although Skinner (1957) provided a behavioral account of verbal thinking, additional research is needed to evaluate stimuli that may influence covert verbal behavior that occurs between the onset of a verbal stimulus and the emission of a response during an episode of verbal thinking. The present investigation examined the effects of auditory…
Descriptors: Auditory Stimuli, Verbal Stimuli, Accuracy, Reaction Time
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Vie, Aleksander; Arntzen, Erik – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
The primary focus of the present experiment was to study participants' self-talk during conditional discrimination training and test for the emergence of conditional relations consistent with equivalence. Eighteen adult participants were exposed to either a Many-to-One (MTO) or a One-to-Many (OTM) training structure arranged as a 6-s delayed…
Descriptors: Protocol Analysis, Training Methods, Adults, Verbal Operant Conditioning
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Stauch, Tiffany; LaLonde, Kate; Plavnick, Joshua B.; Savana Bak, M. Y.; Gatewood, Kenzie – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
Teaching complex intraverbal responding to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be challenging and often requires careful programming. Divergent and convergent multiple control are particularly important elements to incorporate into intraverbal training programs, as well as procedures to ensure responding is under control of both…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Verbal Stimuli
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Cividini-Motta, Catia; Scharrer, Nicole; Ahearn, William H. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
The research literature has revealed mixed outcomes on various procedures for increasing vocalizations and echoic responding in persons with disabilities (Miguel, Carr, & Michael "The Analysis of Verbal Behavior," 18, 3-13, 2002; Stock, Schulze, & Mirenda "The Analysis of Verbal Behavior," 24, 123-133, 2008). We…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Autism, Verbal Stimuli, Developmental Delays
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Palmer, David C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
The task of extending Skinner's (1957) interpretation of verbal behavior includes accounting for the moment-to-moment changes in stimulus control as one speaks. A consideration of the behavior of the reader reminds us of the continuous evocative effect of verbal stimuli on readers, listeners, and speakers. Collateral discriminative responses to…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Nonverbal Communication, Behavior
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Ratkos, Thom; Frieder, Jessica E.; Poling, Alan – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
Research on joint control has focused on mediational responses, in which simultaneous stimulus control from two sources leads to the emission of a single response, such as choosing a comparison stimulus in delayed matching-to-sample. Most recent studies of joint control examined the role of verbal mediators (i.e., rehearsal) in evoking accurate…
Descriptors: Pacing, Mediation Theory, Behavioral Science Research, Verbal Stimuli
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Sellers, Tyra P.; Kelley, Kristen; Higbee, Thomas S.; Wolfe, Katie – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
Young children with autism may fail to mand using a range of frames (e.g., "I want," "May I have," "Please give me"). We examined the effects of simultaneous script training and script fading on acquisition and maintenance of varied mand frames with six preschool children with autism. For participants who did not…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Autism, Young Children, Training
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Sundberg, Mark L. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
The importance of the intraverbal relation is missed in most theories of language. Skinner (1957) attributes this to traditional semantic theories of meaning that focus on the nonverbal referents of words and neglect verbal stimuli as separate sources of control for linguistic behavior. An analysis of verbal stimulus control is presented, along…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Verbal Stimuli, Interpersonal Communication, Linguistic Theory
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Devine, Bailey; Carp, Charlotte L.; Hiett, Kiley A.; Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
Effective intraverbal responding often requires control by multiple elements of a verbal stimulus. The purpose of this study was to examine the emergence of such intraverbal relations following tact instruction with compound stimuli and to analyze any resulting error patterns. Participants were seven typically developing children between 3 and…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Verbal Stimuli, Teaching Methods, Responses
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Miller, Jonathan R.; Hirst, Jason M.; Kaplan, Brent A.; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.; Reed, Derek D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
The effects of two types of mands on participants' adherence to instructions were examined across two groups using procedures based on Hackenberg and Joker ("Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior" 62:367-383, 1994). Participants were presented with instructions describing a pattern of responding for producing points later…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Verbal Stimuli, Laboratories
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Eikeseth, Svein; Smith, Dean P. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
A common characteristic of the language deficits experienced by children with autism (and other developmental disorders) is their failure to acquire a complex intraverbal repertoire. The difficulties with learning intraverbal behaviors may, in part, be related to the fact that the stimulus control for such behaviors usually involves highly complex…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Tomash, J. J.; Reed, Phil – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Despite its theoretical importance, the effect of past punishment on verbal behavior is often overlooked in research due to the difficulty of measuring it. The present study explores the relationship between physiological arousal in humans and swearing; a behavior likely to have been punished in the typical conditioning history of an individual.…
Descriptors: Punishment, Verbal Communication, Correlation, Arousal Patterns
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Kisamore, April N.; Karsten, Amanda M.; Mann, Charlotte C.; Conde, Kerry Ann – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Axe (2008) speculated that some instances of intraverbal responding might be associated with limited or delayed acquisition because they require discrimination of multiple components of verbal stimuli. Past studies suggest that acquisition of responses under control of complex, multicomponent antecedent stimuli (e.g., conditional or compound…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Verbal Communication, Responses, Repetition
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Ostvik, Leni; Eikeseth, Svein; Klintwall, Lars – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
This study replicated and extended Wright (2006) and Whitehurst, Ironsmith, and Goldfein (1974) by examining whether preschool aged children would increase their use of passive grammatical voice rather than using the more age-appropriate active grammatical construction when the former was modeled by an adult. Results showed that 5 of the 6…
Descriptors: Grammar, Verbal Stimuli, Positive Reinforcement, Verbs
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