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Hranchuk, Kieva; Douglas Greer, R.; Longano, Jennifer – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2019
Prior research found that without the naming cusp, children did not learn from instructional demonstrations presented before learn units (IDLUs) (i.e., modeling an expected response twice for a learner prior to delivering an instructional antecedent), however, following the establishment of naming, they could. The present study was designed to…
Descriptors: Demonstrations (Educational), Efficiency, Naming, Units of Study
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Critchfield, Thomas S.; Becirevic, Amel; Reed, Derek D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
It has often been suggested that nonexperts find the communication of behavior analysts to be viscerally off-putting. We argue that this concern should be the focus of systematic research rather than mere discussion, and describe five studies that illustrate how publicly available lists of word-emotion ratings can be used to estimate the responses…
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Researchers, Research Methodology, Verbal Communication
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Dixon, Mark R.; Stanley, Caleb; Belisle, Jordan; Galliford, Megan E.; Alholail, Amani; Schmick, Ayla M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
The present study evaluated the efficacy of a stimulus-equivalence training procedure in teaching basic geography skills to two children with autism. The procedures were taken directly from a standardized training curriculum based in stimulus equivalence theory called "Promoting the Emergence of Advanced Knowledge Equivalence Module"…
Descriptors: Children, Teaching Methods, Stimuli, Training
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Miguel, Caio F. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
The mand is a type of verbal operant whose response form is under control of a motivating operation (MO). It is the first verbal operant to be acquired, directly benefits the speaker, leads to the development of other behaviors, and may serve to replace problem behavior. Even though the topography of the mand is under the functional control of an…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Reinforcement, Stimuli, Motivation
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Dixon, Mark R.; Belisle, Jordan; Stanley, Caleb R.; Daar, Jacob H.; Williams, Leigh Anne – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
The present study evaluated the efficacy of equivalence-based instruction (EBI) as described in the PEAK-E curriculum (Dixon, 2015) for promoting the emergence of derived geometry skills in two children with high-functioning autism. The results suggested that direct training of shape name (A) to shape property (B) (i.e., A-B relations) was…
Descriptors: Autism, Geometry, Mathematics Skills, Stimuli
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Ingvarsson, Einar T.; Kramer, Rachel L.; Carp, Charlotte L.; Pétursdóttir, Anna I.; Macias, Heather – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
We evaluated the use of a blocked-trials procedure to establish complex stimulus control over intraverbal responses. The participants were four young boys with a diagnosis of autism who had struggled to master intraverbals. The blocked-trials procedures involved presentation of stimuli in separate trial blocks. The trial blocks gradually reduced…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Communication, Responses
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Aguirre, Angelica A.; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2015
Recent research has evaluated the utility of teaching potentially covert strategies to mediate overt performance. As an extension of this developing literature, the current study used a multiple-probe design to evaluate the effects of instructing in a visual imagining strategy on correct written spelling responses with three adolescents with…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Spelling, Imagination, Teaching Methods
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Oleson, Chelsey R.; Baker, Jonathan C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
Millions of Americans are diagnosed with dementia, and that number is only expected to rise. The diagnosis of dementia comes with impairments, especially in language. Furthermore, dementia-related functional declines appear to be moderated by environmental variables (Alzheimer's Association, "Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Communication Skills, Older Adults, Dementia
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Kuroda, Toshikazu; Lattal, Kennon A.; García-Penagos, Andrés – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
Using a conditional discrimination procedure, pigeons were exposed to a nonverbal analogue of qualifying autoclitics such as "definitely" and "maybe." It has been suggested that these autoclitics are similar to tacts except that they are under the control of private discriminative stimuli. Instead of the conventional assumption…
Descriptors: Animals, Discrimination Learning, Nonverbal Communication, Stimuli
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Zaine, Isabela; Domeniconi, Camila; de Rose, Julio C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
This study evaluated an intervention package combining simple and conditional discrimination training and specific reinforcement for each stimulus class in teaching reading of simple words to individuals with intellectual disabilities. In conditional discrimination training, participants matched printed words and pictures to the recorded sounds…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Intervention, Discrimination Learning, Intellectual Disability
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Vallinger-Brown, Mary; Rosales, Rocío – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
We examined two methods to facilitate the emergence of untaught intraverbal responses to children with autism. Listener behavior training (LT) involved reinforcement of a selection-based response following presentation of an array of pictures on an iPad® and an auditory instruction describing a characteristic of the picture. Stimulus pairing (SP)…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Autism, Children, Listening Skills
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Miguel, Caio F. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Among many of Jack Michael's contributions to the field of behavior analysis is his behavioral account of motivation. This paper focuses on the concept of "motivating operation" (MO) by outlining its development from Skinner's (1938) notion of "drive." Conceptually, Michael's term helped us change our focus on…
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Motivation, Research Methodology, Environmental Influences
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Ostvik, Leni; Eikeseth, Svein; Klintwall, Lars – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
This study replicated and extended Wright (2006) and Whitehurst, Ironsmith, and Goldfein (1974) by examining whether preschool aged children would increase their use of passive grammatical voice rather than using the more age-appropriate active grammatical construction when the former was modeled by an adult. Results showed that 5 of the 6…
Descriptors: Grammar, Verbal Stimuli, Positive Reinforcement, Verbs
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Speckman, JeanneMarie; Greer, R. Douglas; Rivera-Valdes, Celestina – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
We report 2 experiments that tested the effects of multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) across training sets on the emergence of productive autoclitic frames (suffixes) for 6 preschoolers with and without language-based disabilities. We implemented multiple exemplar tact instruction with subsets of stimuli whose "names" contained the suffix "-er"…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Verbal Stimuli, Suffixes, Experiments
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Sprinkle, Evelyn C.; Miguel, Caio F. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
The current study assessed the use of standard conditional discrimination (i.e., listener) and textual/tact (i.e., speaker) training in the establishment of equivalence classes containing dictated names, tacts/textual responses, pictures and printed words. Four children (ages 5 to 7 years) diagnosed with autism were taught to select pictures and…
Descriptors: Autism, Behavioral Science Research, Young Children, Naming
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