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Barry, Lorna; Holloway, Jennifer; Gunning, Ciara – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2019
Communication deficits in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can manifest in a myriad of lifelong social and educational challenges. Many children with ASD fail to learn vocal verbal behavior and may require intensive individualized intervention to learn early verbal operants. The current research aimed to evaluate the effects of a…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Individualized Instruction, Responses
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Aguirre, Angelica A.; LeBlanc, Linda A.; Reavis, Andrea; Shillingsburg, Alice M.; Delfs, Caitlin H.; Miltenberger, Catherine A.; Symer, Kaneen B. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2019
Children with autism are often taught auditory conditional discriminations in the form of personal information questions that might prove useful in conversation (e.g., "What is your favorite food?" "Pizza" and "What is your favorite color?" "Purple"). In these questions, the auditory stimuli presented as…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Treatment, Auditory Discrimination, Autism, Children
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Wiskow, Katie M.; Matter, Ashley L.; Donaldson, Jeanne M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2018
A lag schedule of reinforcement is one way to increase response variability; however, previous research has been mixed with regard to the necessary parameters to increase variability. For some individuals, low schedule requirements (e.g., Lag 1) are sufficient to increase variability. For other individuals, higher lag schedules (e.g., Lag 3) or a…
Descriptors: Prompting, Naming, Children, Autism
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Vie, Aleksander; Arntzen, Erik – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
The primary focus of the present experiment was to study participants' self-talk during conditional discrimination training and test for the emergence of conditional relations consistent with equivalence. Eighteen adult participants were exposed to either a Many-to-One (MTO) or a One-to-Many (OTM) training structure arranged as a 6-s delayed…
Descriptors: Protocol Analysis, Training Methods, Adults, Verbal Operant Conditioning
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Henley, Amy J.; Hirst, Jason M.; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.; Becirevic, Amel; Reed, Derek D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
This study evaluated the effects of four instructional variants on instruction following under changing reinforcement schedules using an operant task based on Hackenberg and Joker's "Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior," 62, 367-383 (1994) experimental preparation. Sixteen college-aged adults served as participants and were…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Operant Conditioning, College Students, Young Adults
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Palmer, David C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
Behavior analysts should distinguish between the intraverbal, as a class of verbal operants, and intraverbal control, the potentiating effect, however slight, of a verbal antecedent on a verbal response. If it is to serve an explanatory function, the term intraverbal, as a class of verbal operants, should be restricted to those cases in which a…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Interpersonal Communication, Language Usage, Responses
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Devine, Bailey; Carp, Charlotte L.; Hiett, Kiley A.; Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
Effective intraverbal responding often requires control by multiple elements of a verbal stimulus. The purpose of this study was to examine the emergence of such intraverbal relations following tact instruction with compound stimuli and to analyze any resulting error patterns. Participants were seven typically developing children between 3 and…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Verbal Stimuli, Teaching Methods, Responses
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Carnett, Amarie; Ingvarsson, Einar T. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
The current study systematically replicates and extends the findings of Ingvarsson and Hollobaugh (2010) by teaching a boy with autism who used a speech-generating device to mand for answers to unknown questions. The effects of the intervention were evaluated via a multiple baseline across stimulus sets. The intervention resulted in acquisition of…
Descriptors: Autism, Speech Communication, Audio Equipment, Assistive Technology
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Ingvarsson, Einar T.; Kramer, Rachel L.; Carp, Charlotte L.; Pétursdóttir, Anna I.; Macias, Heather – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
We evaluated the use of a blocked-trials procedure to establish complex stimulus control over intraverbal responses. The participants were four young boys with a diagnosis of autism who had struggled to master intraverbals. The blocked-trials procedures involved presentation of stimuli in separate trial blocks. The trial blocks gradually reduced…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Communication, Responses
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O'Neill, John; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
The purpose of the present experiment was to replicate and extend the literature on using selection-based instruction to teach responses to interview questions by (a) evaluating the emergence of recombinative (i.e., combinations of taught) and novel (i.e., untaught) topography-based intraverbal responses, in addition to exact repetitions of taught…
Descriptors: Interactive Video, Selection, Interviews, Responses
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Esch, Barbara E.; Esch, John W. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
"In the late 1950's, Jack Michael, a bright but irritating young psychology instructor, moved from the Universities of Kansas to Houston to Arizona State. Along the way he befriended two nontraditional students, protected them through their Ph.D. programs, and turned them loose on the world: Teodoro Ayllon…and Montrose Wolf…" (Risley,…
Descriptors: Bibliographies, Psychology, Authors, Behavior Modification
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Lechago, Sarah A.; Carr, James E.; Kisamore, April N.; Grow, Laura L. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2015
We evaluated the effects of multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) on the relation between listener and intraverbal categorization repertoires of six typically developing preschool-age children using a nonconcurrent multiple-probe design across participants. After failing to emit intraverbal categorization responses following listener categorization…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Verbal Communication, Listening Skills, Responses
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Longano, Jennifer M.; Greer, R. Douglas – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2015
Naming refers to the incidental acquisition of word-object relations as listener and speaker without explicit reinforcement. To investigate possible sources of reinforcement for naming, we examined the effects of a procedure for conditioning reinforcement for observing responses on the emergence of naming in children who previously lacked it. The…
Descriptors: Naming, Reinforcement, Conditioning, Responses
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Shillingsburg, M. Alice; Powell, Nicole M.; Bowen, Crystal N. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Mand training is often a primary focus in early language instruction and typically includes mands that are positively reinforced. However, mands maintained by negative reinforcement are also important skills to teach. These include mands to escape aversive demands or unwanted items. Another type of negatively reinforced mand important to teach…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Negative Reinforcement
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Koehler-Platten, Kate; Grow, Laura L.; Schulze, Kimberly A.; Bertone, Tara – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Shaping functional vocal language is difficult when an individual has not yet acquired an echoic repertoire and does not emit sufficient phonemes (i.e., speech sounds) for shaping. Few studies have evaluated interventions to increase the frequency and breadth of phonemes. The current study extended Esch, Esch, and Love (2009) by evaluating the…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Phonemic Awareness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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