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Dal Ben, Rodrigo; Goyos, Celso – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2019
The form of a verbal response allows for reinforcement mediation and language transmission across cultures. Reinforcement, in turn, plays a decisive role in learning verbal forms. The present work addresses methodological limitations of previous studies, providing further evidence of the role of automatic reinforcement in achieving parity with…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Behavior Modification, Verbal Communication, Preschool Children
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Cao, Yu; Greer, R. Douglas – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2018
The onset of the verbal behavior developmental cusp of bidirectional naming (BiN) in a second language makes it possible for monolingual English-speaking children to learn names of things in a second language incidentally. We conducted 2 experiments to identify why monolingual English-speaking children cannot demonstrate BiN in another language…
Descriptors: Chinese, Naming, Preschool Children, Second Language Learning
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Sellers, Tyra P.; Kelley, Kristen; Higbee, Thomas S.; Wolfe, Katie – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
Young children with autism may fail to mand using a range of frames (e.g., "I want," "May I have," "Please give me"). We examined the effects of simultaneous script training and script fading on acquisition and maintenance of varied mand frames with six preschool children with autism. For participants who did not…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Autism, Young Children, Training
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Lechago, Sarah A.; Carr, James E.; Kisamore, April N.; Grow, Laura L. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2015
We evaluated the effects of multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) on the relation between listener and intraverbal categorization repertoires of six typically developing preschool-age children using a nonconcurrent multiple-probe design across participants. After failing to emit intraverbal categorization responses following listener categorization…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Verbal Communication, Listening Skills, Responses
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Byrne, Brittany L.; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne; Aguirre, Angelica A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
The stimulus pairing observation procedure (SPOP) combined with multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) has been shown to be effective with typically developing preschoolers in establishing the joint stimulus control required for the development of naming. The purpose of the current investigation was to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the…
Descriptors: Autism, Preschool Children, Naming, Instructional Effectiveness
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Pérez-González, Luis Antonio; Cereijo-Blanco, Noelia; Carnerero, José Julio – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
Naming consists of tacting an object and selecting it upon hearing its name as a result of emergence. After acquiring naming, children learn object-name relations more quickly and, hence, it is an important achievement in development. We studied the acquisition of the two skills that define naming, using two procedures, in seven typically…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Comparative Analysis, Naming, Learning Processes
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Kisamore, April N.; Karsten, Amanda M.; Mann, Charlotte C.; Conde, Kerry Ann – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Axe (2008) speculated that some instances of intraverbal responding might be associated with limited or delayed acquisition because they require discrimination of multiple components of verbal stimuli. Past studies suggest that acquisition of responses under control of complex, multicomponent antecedent stimuli (e.g., conditional or compound…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Verbal Communication, Responses, Repetition
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Ostvik, Leni; Eikeseth, Svein; Klintwall, Lars – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
This study replicated and extended Wright (2006) and Whitehurst, Ironsmith, and Goldfein (1974) by examining whether preschool aged children would increase their use of passive grammatical voice rather than using the more age-appropriate active grammatical construction when the former was modeled by an adult. Results showed that 5 of the 6…
Descriptors: Grammar, Verbal Stimuli, Positive Reinforcement, Verbs
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Speckman, JeanneMarie; Greer, R. Douglas; Rivera-Valdes, Celestina – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
We report 2 experiments that tested the effects of multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) across training sets on the emergence of productive autoclitic frames (suffixes) for 6 preschoolers with and without language-based disabilities. We implemented multiple exemplar tact instruction with subsets of stimuli whose "names" contained the suffix "-er"…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Verbal Stimuli, Suffixes, Experiments
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Rosales, Rocio; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne; Lovett, Sadie – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
We evaluated the facilitative effects of multiple exemplar training (MET) on the establishment of derived tact relations in typically developing children. A multiple-probe design across stimulus sets was implemented to introduce MET. Participants were first taught to conditionally relate dictated names in English to their corresponding objects…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Training, Child Development
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Greer, R. Douglas; Pistoljevic, Nirvana; Cahill, Claire; Du, Lin – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
We used a delayed non-concurrent pre- and post-intervention probe design to test the effects of a voice conditioning protocol (VCP) with 3 preschoolers with autism on (a) rate of acquisition of listener curricular objectives, (b) observing voices and the presence of adults across 3 settings, (c) selecting to listen to adults tell stories in free…
Descriptors: Intervention, Adults, Behavior Problems, Story Telling
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Luke, Nicole; Greer, R. Douglas; Singer-Dudek, Jessica; Keohane, Dolleen-Day – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
In two experiments, we tested the effect of multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) for training sets on the emergence of autoclitic frames for spatial relations for novel tacts and mands. In Experiment 1, we used a replicated pre- and post-intervention probe design with four students with significant learning disabilities to test for acquisition of…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Verbal Communication, Speech, Behavior
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Sidener, Tina M.; Carr, James E.; Karsten, Amanda M.; Severtson, Jamie M.; Cornelius, Carly E.; Heinicke, Megan R. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2010
The purpose of this series of experiments was to evaluate the effects of mixed mand-tact arrangements on the acquisition of mands and tacts in preschool-aged children. In Experiment 1, the effects of three training arrangements (mand-only training, tact-only training, and mand-tact training) were investigated with 3 typically developing children.…
Descriptors: Investigations, Autism, Evaluation, Experiments
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LaFrance, Danielle; Wilder, David A.; Normand, Matthew P.; Squires, James L. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2009
The current study examined the effectiveness of an experimental functional analysis for assessing the functions of emergent vocal-verbal behavior in children with developmental disabilities. Experiment 1 consisted of a systematic replication of Lerman et al. (2005). Participants were 3 children with developmental disabilities, between the ages of…
Descriptors: Research Design, Verbal Stimuli, Mental Retardation, Developmental Disabilities
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Newman, Bobby; Reinecke, Dana; Ramos, Marissa – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2009
The effectiveness of a language-training procedure that emphasized reinforcing vocal "reasonable attempts" (any response directed at an interventionist and within a broader class of correct responses) was compared with a procedure that emphasized shaping (reinforcing successive approximations that more closely resembled the target vocalization).…
Descriptors: Autism, Preschool Children, Reinforcement, Verbal Communication
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