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Hranchuk, Kieva; Douglas Greer, R.; Longano, Jennifer – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2019
Prior research found that without the naming cusp, children did not learn from instructional demonstrations presented before learn units (IDLUs) (i.e., modeling an expected response twice for a learner prior to delivering an instructional antecedent), however, following the establishment of naming, they could. The present study was designed to…
Descriptors: Demonstrations (Educational), Efficiency, Naming, Units of Study
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Ingvarsson, Einar T.; Kramer, Rachel L.; Carp, Charlotte L.; Pétursdóttir, Anna I.; Macias, Heather – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
We evaluated the use of a blocked-trials procedure to establish complex stimulus control over intraverbal responses. The participants were four young boys with a diagnosis of autism who had struggled to master intraverbals. The blocked-trials procedures involved presentation of stimuli in separate trial blocks. The trial blocks gradually reduced…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Communication, Responses
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O'Neill, John; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
The purpose of the present experiment was to replicate and extend the literature on using selection-based instruction to teach responses to interview questions by (a) evaluating the emergence of recombinative (i.e., combinations of taught) and novel (i.e., untaught) topography-based intraverbal responses, in addition to exact repetitions of taught…
Descriptors: Interactive Video, Selection, Interviews, Responses
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Speckman, JeanneMarie; Greer, R. Douglas; Rivera-Valdes, Celestina – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
We report 2 experiments that tested the effects of multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) across training sets on the emergence of productive autoclitic frames (suffixes) for 6 preschoolers with and without language-based disabilities. We implemented multiple exemplar tact instruction with subsets of stimuli whose "names" contained the suffix "-er"…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Verbal Stimuli, Suffixes, Experiments
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Guzinski, Erin M.; Cihon, Traci M.; Eshleman, John – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
This study was a systematic extension of Karmali, Greer, Nuzzulo-Gomez, Ross, and Rivera-Valdes (2005) and Ahearn, Clark, MacDonald, and Chung (2007). We investigated the effects of a tact correction procedure on stereotypic vocalizations in 4 children diagnosed with autism who ranged in age from 6 to 16 years. Participants had limited vocal…
Descriptors: Validity, Behavior Modification, Autism, Verbal Stimuli
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Susa, Carrie; Schlinger, Henry D., Jr. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
Research has shown that reinforcing novel behaviors can increase the number of different ways that an individual behaves (Goetz & Baer, 1973; Pryor, Haag, & O'Reilly, 1969). However, it was not until more recently that researchers began to consider "variability" to be a reinforceable operant in and of itself (Neuringer, 2002). More specifically,…
Descriptors: Autism, Reinforcement, Children, Males
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Sigurdardottir, Zuilma Gabriela; Mackay, Harry A.; Green, Gina – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
Stimulus generalization and contextual control affect the development of equivalence classes. Experiment 1 demonstrated primary stimulus generalization from the members of trained equivalence classes. Adults were taught to match six spoken Icelandic nouns and corresponding printed words and pictures to one another in computerized three-choice…
Descriptors: Autism, Stimulus Generalization, Nouns, Stimuli
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DeGraaf, Allison; Schlinger, Henry D., Jr. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
Gutierrez (2006) experimentally demonstrated the effects of joint control and particularly the role of response mediation in the sequencing behavior of adults using an unfamiliar language. The purpose of the current study was to replicate and extend the procedures used by Gutierrez by comparing the effects of joint control training with the…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Adults, Comparative Analysis, Experiments
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Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg; Carp, Charlotte L.; Matthies, Derek W.; Esch, Barbara E. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Several studies have demonstrated effects of stimulus-stimulus pairing (SSP) on children's vocalizations, but numerous treatment failures have also been reported. The present study attempted to isolate procedural variables related to failures of SSP to condition speech sounds as reinforcers. Three boys diagnosed with autism-spectrum disorders…
Descriptors: Speech, Acoustics, Preferences, Operant Conditioning
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Ingvarsson, Einar T.; Le, Duy D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
We compared prompting tactics to establish intraverbal responding (question answering) in four boys with autism. Based on the results of intraverbal, textual, echoic, and tact pretests, we compared vocal and picture prompts with three participants, and textual, vocal, and picture prompts with one participant. We also evaluated repeated acquisition…
Descriptors: Autism, Prompting, Interpersonal Communication, Verbal Communication
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Valentino, Amber L.; Shillingsburg, M. Alice – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Many children with autism communicate through the use of alternative communication systems, such as sign language. Limited research has been conducted on the situations under which sign language will be acquired across verbal operants without direct teaching. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate exposure to sign language on the…
Descriptors: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Autism, Sign Language, Children
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Tarbox, Jonathan; Zuckerman, Carrie K.; Bishop, Michele R.; Olive, Melissa L.; O'Hora, Denis P. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Rule-governed behavior is generally considered an integral component of complex verbal repertoires but has rarely been the subject of empirical research. In particular, little or no previous research has attempted to establish rule-governed behavior in individuals who do not already display the repertoire. This study consists of two experiments…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Compliance (Psychology), Generalization
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Sidman, Murray – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2009
With an emphasis on procedural fundamentals, the original behavior-analytic equivalence experiments and the equivalence paradigm are described briefly. A few of the subsequent developments and implications are noted, with special reference to the possible significance of the findings with respect to language and cognition. (Contains 9 figures.)
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Tutorial Programs, Models, Stimuli
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Arntzen, Erik; Halstadtro, Lill-Beathe; Halstadtro, Monica – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2009
The purpose of the study was to extend the literature on verbal self-regulation by using the "silent dog" method to evaluate the role of verbal regulation over nonverbal behavior in 2 individuals with autism. Participants were required to talk-aloud while performing functional computer tasks.Then the effects of distracters with increasing demands…
Descriptors: Autism, Males, Self Control, Evaluation Methods
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Vedora, Joseph; Meunier, Laura; Mackay, Harry – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2009
Although echoic prompts may be effective for teaching intraverbal behavior to children with autism, the performance of some children may become dependent on such prompts (i.e., the prompts cannot be eliminated). Recent research suggests that visual rather than echoic prompts may be used to teach children with autism a variety of skills and may…
Descriptors: Autism, Interpersonal Communication, Communication Skills, Children
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