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Solares, Leslie; Fryling, Mitch J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2019
A large amount of learning occurs through the observation of stimulus-stimulus relations. One procedure that involves this sort of learning is the stimulus-pairing observation procedure (SPOP). The current study involves a systematic replication of Byrne, Rehfeldt, and Aguirre (2014). Tests for the emergence of tact and listener relations were…
Descriptors: Observation, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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DeSouza, Andresa A.; Akers, Jessica S.; Fisher, Wayne W. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
Sundberg and Michael (2011) reviewed the contributions of Skinner's (1957) "Verbal Behavior" to the treatment of language delays in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and discussed several aspects of interventions, including mand training, intraverbal repertoire development, and the importance of using Skinner's taxonomy of…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Language Impairments, Developmental Delays, Autism
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Smith, Dean P.; Eikeseth, Svein; Fletcher, Sarah E.; Montebelli, Lisa; Smith, Holly R.; Taylor, Jennifer C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
The purpose of the present study was to assess whether intraverbal behavior, in the form of answers to questions, emerges as a result of listener training for five children diagnosed with autism. Listener responses were targeted and taught using prompting and differential reinforcement. Following successful acquisition of listener responses, the…
Descriptors: Autism, Listening Skills, Listening Comprehension, Prompting
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Shillingsburg, M. Alice; Gayman, Cassondra M.; Walton, William – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
Recent research on teaching mands for information to children with language deficits has focused on manipulating establishing operations (EOs). However, only a few of those studies have programmed both EO conditions (in which information is needed) and abolishing operation (AO) conditions (in which information has already been provided) to ensure…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Prompting, Intervention, Autism
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Carnett, Amarie; Ingvarsson, Einar T. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
The current study systematically replicates and extends the findings of Ingvarsson and Hollobaugh (2010) by teaching a boy with autism who used a speech-generating device to mand for answers to unknown questions. The effects of the intervention were evaluated via a multiple baseline across stimulus sets. The intervention resulted in acquisition of…
Descriptors: Autism, Speech Communication, Audio Equipment, Assistive Technology
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Gamba, Jonas; Goyos, Celso; Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2015
Recently, there has been a proliferation of research on the functional independence of two of Skinner's (1957) verbal operants, the mand, and the tact. This research has produced highly variable results. In this article, we provide a critical review of the literature on mand-tact independence, a literature that has implications for both theory and…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Reinforcement, Literature Reviews, Training
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Longano, Jennifer M.; Greer, R. Douglas – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2015
Naming refers to the incidental acquisition of word-object relations as listener and speaker without explicit reinforcement. To investigate possible sources of reinforcement for naming, we examined the effects of a procedure for conditioning reinforcement for observing responses on the emergence of naming in children who previously lacked it. The…
Descriptors: Naming, Reinforcement, Conditioning, Responses
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Oleson, Chelsey R.; Baker, Jonathan C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
Millions of Americans are diagnosed with dementia, and that number is only expected to rise. The diagnosis of dementia comes with impairments, especially in language. Furthermore, dementia-related functional declines appear to be moderated by environmental variables (Alzheimer's Association, "Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Communication Skills, Older Adults, Dementia
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Loughrey, Tara Olivia; Contreras, Bethany P.; Majdalany, Lina M.; Rudy, Nikki; Sinn, Stephanie; Teague, Patricia; Marshall, Genevieve; McGreevy, Patrick; Harvey, A. Celeste – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
We evaluated the use of behavioral skills training (BST) to train caregivers to conduct procedures commonly associated with mand training. We trained two caregivers on the following procedures: (a) conducting preference assessments, (b) delivering preferred items contingent on appropriate behavior, (c) capturing and contriving motivating…
Descriptors: Caregivers, Child Caregivers, Caregiver Training, Behavior Modification
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Zaine, Isabela; Domeniconi, Camila; de Rose, Julio C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
This study evaluated an intervention package combining simple and conditional discrimination training and specific reinforcement for each stimulus class in teaching reading of simple words to individuals with intellectual disabilities. In conditional discrimination training, participants matched printed words and pictures to the recorded sounds…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Intervention, Discrimination Learning, Intellectual Disability
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Koehler-Platten, Kate; Grow, Laura L.; Schulze, Kimberly A.; Bertone, Tara – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Shaping functional vocal language is difficult when an individual has not yet acquired an echoic repertoire and does not emit sufficient phonemes (i.e., speech sounds) for shaping. Few studies have evaluated interventions to increase the frequency and breadth of phonemes. The current study extended Esch, Esch, and Love (2009) by evaluating the…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Phonemic Awareness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Guzinski, Erin M.; Cihon, Traci M.; Eshleman, John – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
This study was a systematic extension of Karmali, Greer, Nuzzulo-Gomez, Ross, and Rivera-Valdes (2005) and Ahearn, Clark, MacDonald, and Chung (2007). We investigated the effects of a tact correction procedure on stereotypic vocalizations in 4 children diagnosed with autism who ranged in age from 6 to 16 years. Participants had limited vocal…
Descriptors: Validity, Behavior Modification, Autism, Verbal Stimuli
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Heldt, Juliane; Schlinger, Henry D., Jr. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
Research has shown that variability may be an operant dimension of behavior. One method of reinforcing response variability is to use a lag schedule of reinforcement (Page & Neuringer, 1985). Several studies have shown that a Lag 1 schedule is effective in increasing variable responding with human participants (e.g., Esch, Esch, & Love, 2009; Lee,…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Behavior Modification, Developmental Disabilities, Behavior Change
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Vandbakk, Monica; Arntzen, Erik; Gisnaas, Arnt; Antonsen, Vidar; Gundhus, Terje – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
Inappropriate verbal behavior that is labeled "psychotic" is often described as insensitive to environmental contingencies. The purpose of the current study was to establish different classes of rational or appropriate verbal behavior in a woman with developmental disabilities and evaluate the effects on her psychotic or aberrant vocal verbal…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Verbal Stimuli, Autism, Pretests Posttests
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Abreu, Paulo Roberto; Hubner, Maria Martha Costa; Lucchese, Fernanda – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2012
Clinical behavior analysis often targets the shaping of clients' functional interpretations of/or rules about his own behavior. These are referred to as clinically relevant behavior 3 (CRB3) in functional analytic psychotherapy (FAP). We suggest that CRB3s should be seen as contingency-specifying stimuli (CSS), due to the their ability to change…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Social Environment, Psychotherapy, Stimuli
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