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Showing 106 to 120 of 307 results Save | Export
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Cohen, Shana R.; Holloway, Susan D.; Dominguez-Pareto, Irenka; Kuppermann, Miriam – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
Research indicates that mothers of children with ID who receive familial support experience less stress than those who receive less support. Less is known about the relation of support to mothers' evaluation of parenting self-efficacy, particularly in Latino families. We examined the relationship of different types of family support to life…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Mental Retardation, Whites, Hispanic Americans
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Mason, Gina Marie; Spanó, Goffredina; Edgin, Jamie – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
This study examined individual differences in ADHD symptoms and executive function (EF) in children with Down syndrome (DS) in relation to the dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) gene, a gene often linked to ADHD in people without DS. Participants included 68 individuals with DS (7-21 years), assessed through laboratory tasks, caregiver reports, and…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Individual Differences, Genetics
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Tsao, Raphaele; Kindelberger, Cecile; Freminville, Benedicte; Touraine, Renaud; Bussey, Gerald – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the typical aging process in adults with Down syndrome, focusing on its variability. The sample comprised 120 adults with Down syndrome who were free of dementia. Ages ranged from 20 to 69 years. Each participant was assessed on cognitive functioning and social adaptation, and was checked for…
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Adults, Down Syndrome, Age Differences
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Kirby, Anne V.; White, Tamira J.; Baranek, Grace T. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
Caring for children with disabilities contributes to increased levels of parent stress or caregiver strain. However, the potential relationship of sensory features to strain among caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other developmental disabilities (DD) is unknown. Sensory features include overreactions, underreactions,…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Children, Disabilities, Stress Variables
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Modi, Miti; McMorris, Carly; Palucka, Anna; Raina, Poonam; Lunsky, Yona – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) have complex mental health needs and may seek specialized ID psychiatric services. This study reports on predictors of specialized inpatient admissions for 234 individuals with ID who received outpatient services at a psychiatric hospital. Overall, from 2007-2012, 55 of the 234 outpatients were triaged…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Patients, Psychiatry, Mental Disorders
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Yoder, Paul J.; Woynaroski, Tiffany; Fey, Marc E.; Warren, Steven F.; Gardner, Elizabeth – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
In an earlier randomized clinical trial, daily communication and language therapy resulted in more favorable spoken vocabulary outcomes than weekly therapy sessions in a subgroup of initially nonverbal preschoolers with intellectual disabilities that included only children with Down syndrome (DS). In this reanalysis of the dataset involving only…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Preschool Children, Speech Communication, Vocabulary Development
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Klein-Tasman, Bonita P.; Lira, Ernesto N.; Li-Barber, Kirsten T.; Gallo, Frank J.; Brei, Natalie G. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
Problem behavior of 52 children with Williams syndrome ages 6 to 17 years old was examined based on both parent and teacher report. Generally good inter-rater agreement was found. Common areas of problem behavior based both on parent and teacher report included attention problems, anxiety difficulties, repetitive behaviors (e.g., obsessions,…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Genetic Disorders, Children, Adolescents
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Viecili, Michelle A.; Weiss, Jonathan A. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) measures health-related quality of life, a growing area of research, particularly among individuals with disabilities. This research is necessary to fully understand the varied needs of the population and, ultimately, ensure that those needs are being met. The current study assessed the reliability…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Developmental Disabilities, Children, Quality of Life
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Rhodes, Katherine T.; Branum-Martin, Lee; Morris, Robin D.; Romski, MaryAnn; Sevcik, Rose A. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
Although it is often assumed that mathematics ability alone predicts mathematics test performance, linguistic demands may also predict achievement. This study examined the role of language in mathematics assessment performance for children with intellectual disability (ID) at less severe levels, on the KeyMath-Revised Inventory (KM-R) with a…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Mathematics Skills, Intellectual Disability, Elementary School Students
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Raspa, Melissa; Bailey, Donald, Jr.; Bann, Carla; Bishop, Ellen – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
Using data from a survey of 1,099 families who have a child with Fragile X syndrome, we examined adaptation across 7 dimensions of family life: parenting knowledge, social support, social life, financial impact, well-being, quality of life, and overall impact. Results illustrate that although families report a high quality of life, they struggle…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Children, Adjustment (to Environment), Quality of Life
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Yoder, Paul; Woynaroski, Tiffany; Fey, Marc; Warren, Steven – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
Children with intellectual disability were randomly assigned to receive Milieu Communication Teaching (MCT) at one 1-hr session per week (low dose frequency, LDF) or five 1-hr sessions per week (high dose frequency, HDF) over 9 months (Fey, Yoder, Warren, & Bredin-Oja, 2013. Non-Down syndrome (NDS) and Down syndrome (DS) subgroups were matched…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Children, Down Syndrome, Intervention
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Burgess, Sloane; Cimera, Robert E. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the employment outcomes of transition-aged adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) served by vocational rehabilitation services (VR) over the last 10 years by state. A secondary purpose was to compare employment outcomes of individuals with ASD to those of the overall transition-aged population…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Vocational Rehabilitation, Employment Services
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Ankenman, Katy; Elgin, Jenna; Sullivan, Katherine; Vincent, Logan; Bernier, Raphael – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
Research suggests that discrepant cognitive abilities are more common in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and may indicate an important ASD endophenotype. The current study examined the frequency of IQ discrepancy profiles (nonverbal IQ greater than verbal IQ [NVIQ greater than VIQ], verbal IQ greater than nonverbal IQ [VIQ greater…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Ability
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Russo-Ponsaran, Nicole M.; Yesensky, Jessica; Hessl, David; Berry-Kravis Elizabeth – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common inherited cause of intellectual disability and the most common known genetic cause of autism. FXS is associated with psychiatric impairments, including anxiety disorders. There is a paucity of well-developed measures to characterize anxiety in FXS. However, such scales are needed to measure therapeutic…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Children, Anxiety, Anxiety Disorders
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Hauser-Cram, Penny; Woodman, Ashley Cynthia; Heyman, Miriam – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
The role of early childhood mastery motivation as a predictor of executive function 20 years later was examined in a sample of 39 individuals who had early diagnosed developmental disabilities. Multilevel modeling was used to analyze predictors of accuracy and response time on a Flanker task measuring executive function. As predicted, participants…
Descriptors: Motivation, Young Children, Developmental Disabilities, Predictor Variables
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