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Showing 91 to 105 of 307 results Save | Export
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Robinson, Ashley N.; Roberts, Jane E.; Brady, Nancy C.; McQuillin, Samuel D.; Warren, Steven F. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2016
The present study examined the relationship between salivary cortisol and maternal responsiveness in mothers of boys with fragile X syndrome (FXS). Maternal responsivity is strongly associated with child outcomes, and children with FXS are at risk for compromised development due to intellectual disability and problem behavior. Increased…
Descriptors: Correlation, Metabolism, Mothers, Responses
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Tassé, Marc J.; Schalock, Robert L.; Thissen, David; Balboni, Giulia; Bersani, Henry, Jr.; Borthwick-Duffy, Sharon A.; Spreat, Scott; Widaman, Keith F.; Zhang, Dalun; Navas, Patricia – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2016
The Diagnostic Adaptive Behavior Scale (DABS) was developed using item response theory (IRT) methods and was constructed to provide the most precise and valid adaptive behavior information at or near the cutoff point of making a decision regarding a diagnosis of intellectual disability. The DABS initial item pool consisted of 260 items. Using IRT…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Test Items, Test Construction, Intellectual Disability
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Brady, Nancy C.; Bruce, Susan; Goldman, Amy; Erickson, Karen; Mineo, Beth; Ogletree, Bill T.; Paul, Diane; Romski, Mary Ann; Sevcik, Rose; Siegel, Ellin; Schoonover, Judith; Snell, Marti; Sylvester, Lorraine; Wilkinson, Krista – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2016
The National Joint Committee for the Communication Needs of People With Severe Disabilities (NJC) reviewed literature regarding practices for people with severe disabilities in order to update guidance provided in documents originally published in 1992. Changes in laws, definitions, and policies that affect communication attainments by persons…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Civil Rights, Advocacy, Literature Reviews
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Loveall, Susan J.; Conners, Frances A. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2016
The primary goal of this study was to examine the word identification domain of the Simple View of Reading in participants with Down syndrome (DS) by comparing them to participants with typical development (TD) matched on word identification ability. Two subskills, phonological recoding and orthographic knowledge, were measured. Results revealed…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Word Recognition, Down Syndrome, Comparative Analysis
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Pitts, C. Holley; Mervis, Carolyn B. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2016
We describe the performance of 292 4- to 17-year-olds with Williams syndrome (WS) on the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test-2 (KBIT-2; Kaufman & Kaufman, 2004). Mean IQ Composite, Verbal standard score (SS), and Nonverbal SS were in the borderline range relative to the general population, with variability similar to the general population.…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Genetic Disorders, Intelligence Quotient, Children
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Lyons, Gregory L.; Huber, Heartley B.; Carter, Erik W.; Chen, Rui; Asmus, Jennifer M. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2016
Although enhancing the social competence of students with severe disabilities has long remained a prominent focus of school-based intervention efforts, relatively little attention has focused on identifying the most critical social and behavioral needs of students during high school. We examined the social skills and problem behaviors of 137…
Descriptors: High School Students, Adolescents, Severe Disabilities, Interpersonal Competence
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Seo, Hyojeong; Shogren, Karrie A.; Little, Todd D.; Thompson, James R.; Wehmeyer, Michael L. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2016
This study examined the convergent validity of the "Supports Intensity Scale-Adult Version" (SIS-A; Thompson et al., 2015a) and "Supports Intensity Scale-Children's Version" (SIS-C; Thompson et al., 2016a). Data from SISOnline (n = 129,864) for the SIS-A and from the SIS-C standardization sample (n = 4,015) were used for…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Test Validity, Adults, Children
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Ng, Aubrey Hui Shyuan; Schulze, Kim; Rudrud, Eric; Leaf, Justin B. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2016
This study implemented a modified teaching interaction procedure to teach social skills to 4 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder with an intellectual disability. A multiple baseline design across social skills and replicated across participants was utilized to evaluate the effects of the modified teaching interaction procedure. The…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Children, Autism, Intellectual Disability
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Walton, Katherine M. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2016
This study examined risk factors for behavioral and emotional problems in 1973 siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Results revealed six correlates of sibling internalizing and externalizing problems: male gender, smaller family size, older age of the child with ASD, lower family income, child with ASD behavior problems, and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation, Siblings
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Magaña, Sandra; Parish, Susan L.; Son, Esther – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
The aim of this study was to determine if racial and ethnic disparities in the quality of provider interaction have changed between 2006 and 2010 for children with developmental disabilities and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Data from the 2005/2006 and 2009/2010 National Survey of Children With Special Health Care Needs were analyzed. Results…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Hickson, Linda; Khemka, Ishita; Golden, Harriet; Chatzistyli, Aikaterini – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
This study was designed (a) to assess the impact of the "ESCAPE-DD" curriculum on the decision-making skills of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in hypothetical situations of abuse, (b) to examine the role of problem awareness, and (c) to identify factors associated with posttest decision-making performance.…
Descriptors: Violence, Prevention, Decision Making, Adults
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Chevalère, Johann; Postal, Virginie; Jauregui, Joseba; Copet, Pierre; Laurier, Virginie; Thuilleaux, Denise – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
The aim of this study was to support the growing evidence suggesting that Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) might present with an impairment of executive functions (EFs) and to investigate whether this impairment is specific to patients with PWS or due to their intellectual disability (ID). Six tasks were administered to assess EFs (inhibition,…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Disabilities, Executive Function, Neurological Impairments
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Lanfranchi, Silvia; De Mori, Letizia; Mammarella, Irene C.; Carretti, Barbara; Vianello, Renzo – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
The aim of the present study was to compare visuospatial working memory performance in 18 individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) and 18 typically developing (TD) children matched for nonverbal mental age. Two aspects were considered: task presentation format (i.e., spatial-sequential or spatial-simultaneous), and level of attentional control…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Disabilities, Visual Perception, Spatial Ability
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Freeman, Nerelie C.; Gray, Kylie M.; Taffe, John R.; Cornish, Kim M. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
Difficulties with attention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity are thought to be as common among children with intellectual disability (ID) as they are in children without ID. Despite this, there is a lack of scales to specifically assess ADHD symptomatology in children and adolescents with ID. This article describes the development and evaluation of…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Mental Retardation, Comorbidity, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Kover, Sara T.; McCary, Lindsay M.; Ingram, Alexandra M.; Hatton, Deborah D.; Roberts, Jane E. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is associated with significant language and communication delays, as well as problems with attention. This study investigated early language abilities in infants and toddlers with FXS (n = 13) and considered visual attention as a predictor of those skills. We found that language abilities increased over the study period of…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Infants, Toddlers, Language Acquisition
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