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Showing 166 to 180 of 307 results Save | Export
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Hogan-Brown, Abigail L.; Losh, Molly; Martin, Gary E.; Mueffelmann, Deborah J. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
Whereas pragmatic language difficulties are characteristic of both autism and Fragile X syndrome, it is unclear whether such deficits are qualitatively similar or whether certain skills are differentially affected. This study compared narrative competence in boys with autism, Fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, and typical development. Results…
Descriptors: Males, Story Telling, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Loveall, Susan J.; Conners, Frances A. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
Previous research has suggested that individuals with intellectual disability (ID) underperform in several areas of reading compared to mental age-matched peers. However, it is unclear how they compare on orthographic aspects of reading, which have to do with learning and matching the specific letter patterns in words. The leading approach to…
Descriptors: Children, Mental Retardation, Reading, Independent Study
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Maring, Joyce R.; Costello, Ellen; Birkmeier, Marisa C.; Richards, Maggie; Alexander, Lisa M. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
Unlike the aging population without intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), few standardized performance measures exist to assess physical function and risk for adverse outcomes such as nonfatal, unintentional injuries. We modified 3 selected standardized performance tools in the areas of general fitness (2-Minute Walk Test), balance…
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Mental Retardation, Developmental Disabilities, Physical Fitness
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Blacher, Jan; Begum, Gazi F.; Marcoulides, George A.; Baker, Bruce L. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
This study examined mothers' perceptions of the positive impact of having a child with an intellectual disability. Trajectories of positive impact from 7 time points were developed using latent growth modeling and 2 predictors: culture (Anglo, Latino) and child disability status (intellectual disability, typical development). Data were from 219…
Descriptors: Mothers, Mother Attitudes, Children, Mental Retardation
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Patka, Mazna; Keys, Christopher B.; Henry, David B.; McDonald, Katherine E. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
The acceptance and inclusion of persons with intellectual disability can vary across cultures, and understanding attitudes can provide insight into such variation. To our knowledge, no previous study has explored attitudes toward people with intellectual disability among Pakistani community members and disability service providers. We administered…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Attitudes toward Disabilities, Mental Retardation, Positive Attitudes
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Grondhuis, Sabrina Nicole; Mulick, James A. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
A review of hospital records was conducted for children evaluated for autism spectrum disorders who completed both the Leiter International Performance Scale-Revised (Leiter-R) and Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, 5th Edition (SB5). Participants were between 3 and 12 years of age. Diagnoses were autistic disorder (n = 26, 55%) and pervasive…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Intelligence Tests, Children, Autism
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Poon, Kenneth K. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
This study sought to understand the parental expectations of social attainments in the postschool years. The parents of 20 adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) attending special schools were interviewed. Most expected their children would be working in sheltered workshops or unemployed. All parents indicated that their children would…
Descriptors: Parents, Expectation, Adolescents, Autism
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Bilder, Deborah A.; Pinborough-Zimmerman, Judith; Bakian, Amanda V.; Miller, Judith S.; Dorius, Josette T.; Nangle, Barry; McMahon, William M. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
Prenatal and perinatal risk factors associated with intellectual disability (ID) were studied in 8-year-old Utah children from a 1994 birth cohort (N = 26,108) using broad ascertainment methods and birth records following the most current recording guidelines. Risk factor analyses were performed inclusive and exclusive of children with a known or…
Descriptors: Prenatal Influences, Perinatal Influences, Risk, Young Children
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Scior, Katrina; Connolly, Theresa; Williams, Janice – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
Labels are firmly rejected by the disability rights movement, yet the complex effects of labeling on lay beliefs are poorly understood. This study examined the effects of labeling on the general public's reactions to people with intellectual disabilities. A sample of 1,233 adult members of the UK general population were randomly presented with…
Descriptors: Labeling (of Persons), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Clinical Diagnosis, Mental Retardation
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Shashi, Vandana; Wray, Emily; Schoch, Kelly; Curtiss, Kathleen; Hooper, Stephen R. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
Children with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome exhibit high rates of social-behavioral problems, particularly in the internalizing domain, indicating an area in need of intervention. The current investigation was designed to obtain information regarding parent and teacher ratings of the social-emotional behavior of children with 22q11DS. Using the Child…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Behavior Problems, Intervention, Social Behavior
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Barker, R. Michael; Sevcik, Rose A.; Morris, Robin D.; Romski, MaryAnn – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
Little is known about the relationships between phonological processing, language, and reading in children with intellectual disability (ID). We examined the structure of phonological processing in 294 school-age children with mild ID and the relationships between its components and expressive and receptive language and reading skills using…
Descriptors: Mild Mental Retardation, Children, Phonology, Expressive Language
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Tasse, Marc J.; Schalock, Robert L.; Balboni, Giulia; Bersani, Hank, Jr.; Borthwick-Duffy, Sharon A.; Spreat, Scott; Thissen, David; Widaman, Keith F.; Zhang, Dalun – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2012
This article updates the current conceptualization, measurement, and use of the adaptive behavior construct. Major sections of the article address an understanding of the construct, the current approaches to its measurement, four assessment issues and challenges related to the use of adaptive behavior information for the diagnosis of intellectual…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Mental Retardation, Measurement, Evaluation
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Parish, Susan; Magana, Sandra; Rose, Roderick; Timberlake, Maria; Swaine, Jamie G. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2012
This study examines access to, utilization of, and quality of health care for Latino children with autism and other developmental disabilities. We analyze data from the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs (N = 4,414 children with autism and other developmental disabilities). Compared with White children, Latino children with…
Descriptors: Health Needs, Special Health Problems, Autism, Developmental Disabilities
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Zablotsky, Benjamin; Boswell, Katelyn; Smith, Christopher – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2012
Parental school involvement and satisfaction are unstudied in families raising a child with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To fill this gap, the current study utilized a national sample of families (N = 8,978) from the 2007 Parent and Family Involvement in Education survey (U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education…
Descriptors: Parents, Autism, Correlation, School Counselors
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Greenberg, Jan S.; Seltzer, Marsha Mailick; Baker, Jason K.; Smith, Leann E.; Warren, Steven F.; Brady, Nancy; Hong, Jinkuk – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2012
We examine how the family environment is associated with aspects of the Fragile X syndrome phenotype during childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Mothers of children (n = 48), adolescents (n = 85), and adults (n = 34) with Fragile X syndrome participated in a multisite study. For children and adults with Fragile X syndrome, the presence of warmth…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Adolescents, Criticism, Family Environment
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