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Showing 136 to 150 of 307 results Save | Export
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Wells, Jennifer; Clark, Khaya; Sarno, Karen – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
The efficacy of a computer-based interactive multimedia HIV/AIDS prevention program for men with intellectual disability (ID) was examined using a quasi-experimental within-subjects design. Thirty-seven men with mild to moderate intellectual disability evaluated the program. The pretest and posttest instruments assessed HIV/AIDS knowledge…
Descriptors: Males, Multimedia Instruction, Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Jackson, Jeffrey B.; Roper, Susanne Olsen – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
Utilizing grounded theory qualitative research methods, a model was developed for describing parental adaptation after voluntary placement of a child with severe or profound developmental disabilities in out-of-home care. Interviews of parents from 20 families were analyzed. Parents' cognitive appraisals of placement outcomes were classified…
Descriptors: Parents, Parent Attitudes, Adjustment (to Environment), Residential Programs
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Giersch, Anne; Glaser, Bronwyn; Pasca, Catherine; Chabloz, Mélanie; Debbané, Martin; Eliez, Stephan – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
Individuals with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) are impaired at exploring visual information in space; however, not much is known about visual form discrimination in the syndrome. Thirty-five individuals with 22q11.2DS and 41 controls completed a form discrimination task with global forms made up of local elements. Affected individuals…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Cognitive Ability, Visual Perception, Visual Discrimination
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Nelson, Lisa; Moss, Jo; Oliver, Chris – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
Studies of individuals with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) have described changes in mood and behavior with age, although no empirical or longitudinal studies have been conducted. Caregivers of individuals with CdLS (N = 67), cri du chat syndrome (CdCS; N = 42), and Fragile X syndrome (FXS; N = 142) completed the Mood, Interest and Pleasure…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Followup Studies, Children, Adults
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Totsika, Vasiliki; Hastings, Richard Patrick; Vagenas, Dimitrios; Emerson, Eric – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
We examined parenting behaviors, and their association with concurrent and later child behavior problems. Children with an intellectual disability (ID) were identified from a UK birth cohort (N = 516 at age 5). Compared to parents of children without an ID, parents of children with an ID used discipline less frequently, but reported a more…
Descriptors: Young Children, Child Rearing, Mental Retardation, Behavior Problems
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McCarron, Mary; O'Dwyer, Marie; Burke, Eilish; McGlinchey, Eimear; McCallion, Philip – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
There are limited studies on the prevalence of epilepsy and co-morbid conditions in older adults with an ID. To begin to address this prevalence of epilepsy was estimated for participants in the Intellectual Disability Supplement to the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing. Associations with demographic variables and co morbid health conditions were…
Descriptors: Incidence, Epilepsy, Comorbidity, Older Adults
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Phillips, B. Allyson; Conners, Frances A.; Merrill, Edward; Klinger, Mark R. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
Rule-based category learning was examined in youths with Down syndrome (DS), youths with intellectual disability (ID), and typically developing (TD) youths. Two tasks measured category learning: the Modified Card Sort task (MCST) and the Concept Formation test of the Woodcock-Johnson-III (Woodcock, McGrew, & Mather, 2001). In regression-based…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Mental Retardation, Youth, Comparative Analysis
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Hahn, Laura J.; Fidler, Deborah J.; Hepburn, Susan L. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
The present study compares the adaptive behavior profile of 18 young children with Williams syndrome (WS) and a developmentally matched group of 19 children with developmental disabilities and examines the relationship between adaptive behavior and problem behaviors in WS. Parents completed the Vineland Adaptive Behavioral Scales--Interview…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Behavior Problems, Young Children, Comparative Analysis
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Daunhauer, Lisa A.; Fidler, Deborah J.; Hahn, Laura; Will, Elizabeth; Lee, Nancy Raitano; Hepburn, Susan – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
We investigated executive functioning (EF) in children with Down syndrome (DS; n = 25) and typically developing (TD) children matched for mental age (MA; n = 23) using the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Preschool. We sought to (1) compare children with DS to a developmentally matched control group, and (2) to characterize the EF…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Cognitive Processes, Children, Down Syndrome
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Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Lloyd, Blair; Carter, Erik W.; Asmus, Jennifer M. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
Attaining reliable estimates of observational measures can be challenging in school and classroom settings, as behavior can be influenced by multiple contextual factors. Generalizability (G) studies can enable researchers to estimate the reliability of observational data, and decision (D) studies can inform how many observation sessions are…
Descriptors: Generalization, Observation, Social Development, Student Participation
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Sterling, Audra M.; Warren, Steven F.; Brady, Nancy; Fleming, Kandace – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
This study investigated the influence of maternal and child variables on the maternal responsivity of 55 mothers with young children with fragile X syndrome. Data included video observations of mother-child interactions in four different contexts, standardized assessments with the children, and standardized questionnaires for the mothers. The…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Mothers, Young Children, Observation
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Esbensen, Anna J.; Mailick, Marsha R.; Silverman, Wayne – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
Parental characteristics were significant predictors of health, functional abilities, and behavior problems in adults with Down syndrome ("n" ?=? 75) over a 22-year time span, controlling for initial levels and earlier changes in these outcomes. Lower levels of behavior problems were predicted by improvements in maternal depressive…
Descriptors: Parents, Individual Characteristics, Predictor Variables, Behavior Problems
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Ingersoll, Brooke; Walton, Katherine; Carlsen, Danielle; Hamlin, Theresa – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
Individuals with autism have difficulty with social skills across the lifespan. Few social interventions have been examined for older individuals with autism who also have significant intellectual disabilities (ID). Previous research suggests that reciprocal imitation training (RIT) improves imitation and social engagement in young children with…
Descriptors: Intervention, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Mental Retardation
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Son, Esther; Parish, Susan L.; Swaine, Jamie G.; Luken, Karen – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
This study examines the accuracy of self-report of cervical and breast cancer screening by women with intellectual disability ("n" ?=? 155). Data from face-to-face interviews and medical records were analyzed. Total agreement, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated. Total…
Descriptors: Cancer, Screening Tests, Females, Mental Retardation
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Moss, Joanna; Howlin, Patricia; Hastings, Richard Patrick; Beaumont, Sarah; Griffith, Gemma M.; Petty, Jane; Tunnicliffe, Penny; Yates, Rachel; Villa, Darrelle; Oliver, Chris – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
We evaluated autism spectrum disorder (ASD) characteristics and social behavior in Angelman (AS; "n" ?=? 19; mean age ?=?10.35 years), Cornelia de Lange (CdLS; "n" ?=? 15; mean age ?=?12.40 years), and Cri du Chat (CdCS, also known as 5 p-syndrome; "n" ?=? 19; mean age ?=? 8.80 years) syndromes. The proportion of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetic Disorders, Social Behavior
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