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Smith, Elizabeth; Hedge, Craig; Jarrold, Christopher – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2019
Executive function (EF) decline is a consistent early sign of Alzheimer's disease (AD) among adults with Down syndrome (DS), which means that baseline measures of EF for individuals with DS are vital to allow detection of meaningful decline. We developed a framework to extract measures of three core components of EF (memory updating, inhibitory,…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Down Syndrome, Identification, Clinical Diagnosis
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Oppewal, Alyt; Festen, Dederieke A. M.; Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Gait is a relevant and complex aspect of motor functioning. Disturbances are related to negative health outcomes. Gait characteristics of 31 adults with intellectual disability (ID) without Down syndrome (DS) (42.77 ± 16.70 years) were investigated, and associations with age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and level of ID were assessed. Sex and BMI…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Adults, Intellectual Disability, Age Differences
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Olsen, Darren L. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Social participation is an important resource for parents in old age, and may be particularly important for parents living with adult offspring with intellectual and developmental disabilities. To evaluate whether socializing with friends and family and participating in social organizations protects against depression in old age, this study…
Descriptors: Parents, Older Adults, Adults, Intellectual Disability
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Frielink, Noud; Schuengel, Carlo; Embregts, Petri J. C. M. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
The tenets of self-determination theory as applied to support were tested with structural equation modelling for 186 people with ID with a mild to borderline level of functioning. The results showed that (a) perceived autonomy support was positively associated with autonomous motivation and with satisfaction of need for autonomy, relatedness, and…
Descriptors: Personal Autonomy, Need Gratification, Motivation, Adults
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Shogren, Karrie A.; Thompson, James R.; Shaw, Leslie A.; Grandfield, Elizabeth M.; Hagiwara, Mayumi – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Assessment of support needs has received significant attention in the disability field, however, little is known about the stability of support needs scores over time. Data from 82 adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) who were reassessed with the Supports Intensity Scale-Adult (SIS-A) version as well as the SIS-A Annual…
Descriptors: Adults, Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities, Measures (Individuals)
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Landes, Scott D. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2017
On average, adults with intellectual disability (ID) have higher mortality risk than their peers in the general population. However, the effect of age on this mortality disadvantage has received minimal attention. Using data from the 1986-2011 National Health Interview Survey-Linked Mortality Files (NHIS-LMF), discrete time hazard models were used…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Adults, Mortality Rate, At Risk Persons
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Chan, Wai; Smith, Leann E.; Greenberg, Jan S.; Hong, Jinkuk; Mailick, Marsha R. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2017
The present investigation explored long-term relationships of behavioral symptoms of adolescents and adults with developmental disabilities with the mental health of their mothers. Fragile X premutation carrier mothers of an adolescent or adult child with fragile X syndrome (n = 95), and mothers of a grown child with autism (n = 213) were…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Adolescents, Adults, Genetic Disorders
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McDonald, Katherine E.; Conroy, Nicole E.; Olick, Robert S. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2017
Scientific advances can improve the lives of adults with intellectual disability, yet concerns that research participation may impose harm impede scientific progress. What counts as harmful can be subjective and perceptions of harm may vary among stakeholders. We studied perspectives on the harmfulness of research events among adults with…
Descriptors: Adults, Intellectual Disability, Attitude Measures, Family (Sociological Unit)
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Picciotti, Pasqualina M.; Carfì, Angelo; Anzivino, Roberta; Paludetti, Gaetano; Conti, Guido; Brandi, Vincenzo; Bernabei, Roberto; Onder, Graziano – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2017
Increased life expectancy in persons with Down syndrome (DS) is associated with premature age-related changes. The aim of this study was to assess auditory function in adults with DS and to evaluate the prevalence of hearing loss in this population. Audiometric tests were performed in 72 adults with DS (mean age 37.3 ± 10.1 years, 51.4% females).…
Descriptors: Audiology, Audiometric Tests, Auditory Evaluation, Adults
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Tsao, Raphaele – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2017
While there is a long history and tradition of behavioral research on basic motor skills in Down syndrome (DS), there has been only limited research on handwriting ability. We analyzed the spatiotemporal features of handwriting produced by children and adults with DS (n = 24), and compared their productions with those of comparison groups matched…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Children, Adults, Down Syndrome
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Sanderson, Kelli A.; Burke, Meghan M.; Urbano, Richard C.; Arnold, Catherine K.; Hodapp, Robert M. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2017
This study examined who provides informal (or unpaid) supports to people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Participants included 657 adult siblings of people with disabilities who responded to a national survey about informal supports in the areas of recreation, employment, and housing. Results indicated that most people with…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities, Adults, Siblings
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Cuskelly, Monica – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2016
The contribution of childhood sibling relationships to adult sibling relationships and intention to provide care was investigated in a sample in which one member of each dyad had Down syndrome. Thirty-nine adult siblings of an adult with Down syndrome who had participated in a study of sibling relationships in childhood/adolescence provided data…
Descriptors: Siblings, Sibling Relationship, Adults, Down Syndrome
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Seo, Hyojeong; Shogren, Karrie A.; Little, Todd D.; Thompson, James R.; Wehmeyer, Michael L. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2016
This study examined the convergent validity of the "Supports Intensity Scale-Adult Version" (SIS-A; Thompson et al., 2015a) and "Supports Intensity Scale-Children's Version" (SIS-C; Thompson et al., 2016a). Data from SISOnline (n = 129,864) for the SIS-A and from the SIS-C standardization sample (n = 4,015) were used for…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Test Validity, Adults, Children
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Hickson, Linda; Khemka, Ishita; Golden, Harriet; Chatzistyli, Aikaterini – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
This study was designed (a) to assess the impact of the "ESCAPE-DD" curriculum on the decision-making skills of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in hypothetical situations of abuse, (b) to examine the role of problem awareness, and (c) to identify factors associated with posttest decision-making performance.…
Descriptors: Violence, Prevention, Decision Making, Adults
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Tsao, Raphaele; Kindelberger, Cecile; Freminville, Benedicte; Touraine, Renaud; Bussey, Gerald – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2015
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the typical aging process in adults with Down syndrome, focusing on its variability. The sample comprised 120 adults with Down syndrome who were free of dementia. Ages ranged from 20 to 69 years. Each participant was assessed on cognitive functioning and social adaptation, and was checked for…
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Adults, Down Syndrome, Age Differences
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