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Totsika, Vasiliki; Hastings, Richard Patrick; Vagenas, Dimitrios; Emerson, Eric – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
We examined parenting behaviors, and their association with concurrent and later child behavior problems. Children with an intellectual disability (ID) were identified from a UK birth cohort (N = 516 at age 5). Compared to parents of children without an ID, parents of children with an ID used discipline less frequently, but reported a more…
Descriptors: Young Children, Child Rearing, Mental Retardation, Behavior Problems
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Scior, Katrina; Connolly, Theresa; Williams, Janice – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
Labels are firmly rejected by the disability rights movement, yet the complex effects of labeling on lay beliefs are poorly understood. This study examined the effects of labeling on the general public's reactions to people with intellectual disabilities. A sample of 1,233 adult members of the UK general population were randomly presented with…
Descriptors: Labeling (of Persons), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Clinical Diagnosis, Mental Retardation
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Willner, Paul; Bailey, Rebecca; Parry, Rhonwen; Dymond, Simon – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2010
The subjective value of rewards declines as a function of the delay to receive them (temporal discounting). Three temporal discounting tasks that assessed preferences between small amounts of money (10 pence) over short delays (60 s), moderate amounts of money (10 British Pounds) over moderate delays (2 weeks), and large amounts of money (1000…
Descriptors: Self Control, Mental Retardation, Intelligence Quotient, Rewards
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Emerson, Eric; McCulloch, Andrew; Graham, Hilary; Blacher, Jan; Llwellyn, Gwynnyth M.; Hatton, Chris – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2010
Results of previous research suggest that parents of children with intellectual disabilities are at increased risk of psychological distress and psychiatric disorder. Secondary analysis of the Millennium Cohort Study in the United Kingdom indicated that controlling for between-group differences in socioeconomic circumstances reduced the…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Parents, Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Status