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Bergen, Doris – American Journal of Play, 2015
In this survey of the research on psychological approaches to play, the author outlines its various focuses on the similarities and differences in the thinking and behavior of individuals and groups in relation to play and on the environmental factors that influence these. She notes that although psychologists often use standard experimental…
Descriptors: Play, Psychology, Research Methodology, Researchers
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Bergen, Doris; Davis, Darrel – American Journal of Play, 2011
Many early developmental theorists such as Freud, Erikson, Piaget, and Vygotsky suggested that play--which the authors of this article define as both playful activity and playful thought--had the power to influence the moral emotions, behaviors, and reasoning of children. More recent researchers have also found evidence of moral development in…
Descriptors: Play, Moral Development, Video Games, Information Technology
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Bergen, Doris – American Journal of Play, 2009
In recent years, playful methods of learning have almost disappeared from school classrooms, and active, creative, extended playtimes during recess, at home, and in neighborhoods have also greatly diminished. This disappearance of play is especially unfortunate because it is happening at the very time that professionals in many scientific,…
Descriptors: Play, STEM Education, Creative Thinking, Innovation