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Russell, David T.; Chong, James T.; Phillips, G. Michael – American Journal of Business Education, 2018
Consumers face hard choices when they need cash quickly. Hard choices can lead to emotional or economically unsound decisions. Traditional classroom discussions of raising funds to pay for expenses usually focus on generating income, borrowing, or the sale of real and financial assets, if hardship is discussed at all. However, many families have…
Descriptors: Consumer Economics, Insurance, Credit (Finance), Decision Making
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Chong, James; Jennings, William P.; Phillips, G. Michael – American Journal of Business Education, 2018
When a portfolio is not actively managed to maintain a fixed investment percentage in each asset but rather maintains a fixed number of shares for each asset, the portfolio weights will change over time because the market returns of the different assets will not be the same. Consequently, portfolio betas computed as a linear combination of asset…
Descriptors: Business Administration Education, Marketing, Investment, Business Skills
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Fish, Laurel J.; Halcoussis, Dennis; Phillips, G. Michael – American Journal of Business Education, 2017
The Monte Carlo method and related multiple imputation methods are traditionally used in math, physics and science to estimate and analyze data and are now becoming standard tools in analyzing business and financial problems. However, few sources explain the application of the Monte Carlo method for individuals and business professionals who are…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Monte Carlo Methods, Spreadsheets, Simulation
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Jennings, Penelope R.; Jennings, William P.; Phillips, G. Michael – American Journal of Business Education, 2016
While financial planning students are expected to be able to understand client retirement plans, subtle differences in cost-of-living adjustments can have major impact on the success of client retirement plans. This teaching note compares the cost-of-living adjustments in the largest government sponsored retirement systems and a hypothetical…
Descriptors: Retirement Benefits, Preretirement Education, Monte Carlo Methods, Case Method (Teaching Technique)
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Chong, James T.; Jennings, Penelope R.; Phillips, G. Michael – American Journal of Business Education, 2015
Financial planning is an interdisciplinary field including finance and business law topics. Consequently, standard pedagogical resources often omit topics that fall between these fields. To address a key gap in educational materials for financial planning students and faculty, this article reviews recent regulatory developments for financial…
Descriptors: Financial Services, Financial Policy, Interdisciplinary Approach, Instructional Materials
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Arzumanyan, George; Halcoussis, Dennis; Phillips, G. Michael – American Journal of Business Education, 2015
This paper presents the Agresti & Coull "Adjusted Wald" method for computing confidence intervals and margins of error for common proportion estimates. The presented method is easily implementable by business students and practitioners and provides more accurate estimates of proportions particularly in extreme samples and small…
Descriptors: Business Administration Education, Error of Measurement, Error Patterns, Intervals
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Chong, James T.; Jennings, William P.; Phillips, G. Michael – American Journal of Business Education, 2014
This paper illustrates how a third statistic from asset pricing models, the R-squared statistic, may have information that can help in portfolio construction. Using a traditional CAPM model in comparison to an 18-factor Arbitrage Pricing Style Model, a portfolio separation test is conducted. Portfolio returns and risk metrics are compared using…
Descriptors: Corporations, Investment, Regression (Statistics), Models
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Chong, James T.; Jennings, William P.; Phillips, G. Michael – American Journal of Business Education, 2013
An educational example is presented that is an effective teaching illustration to help students understand the difference between traditional CAPM beta and downside (or down-market) beta and why downside beta is a superior measure for use in personal financial planning investment policy statements.
Descriptors: Investment, Business Administration Education, Business Skills, Demonstrations (Educational)
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Chong, James; Halcoussis, Dennis; Phillips, G. Michael – American Journal of Business Education, 2012
The dual-beta model is a generalization of the CAPM model. In the dual-beta model, separate beta estimates are provided for up-market and down-market days. This paper uses the historical "Anscombe quartet" results which illustrated how very different datasets can produce the same regression coefficients to motivate a discussion of the…
Descriptors: Business Administration Education, Models, Risk, Regression (Statistics)
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Halcoussis, Dennis; Phillips, G. Michael – American Journal of Business Education, 2010
Statistics, econometrics, investment analysis, and data analysis classes often review the calculation of several types of averages, including the arithmetic mean, geometric mean, harmonic mean, and various weighted averages. This note shows how each of these can be computed using a basic regression framework. By recognizing when a regression model…
Descriptors: Regression (Statistics), Economics Education, Statistics, Data Analysis
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Phillips, A. Lynn; Phillips, G. Michael – American Journal of Business Education, 2010
A shift from male-majority to female-majority university campuses has opened up new areas for research on gender bias, stereotypes, and discrimination. At one large state university on the west coast, there were more female than male graduates in Spring, 2008 in 7 out of 8 colleges, including the traditionally male-majority areas of business and…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Gender Bias, Sex Stereotypes, Probability