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Shapiro, Sarah; Brown, Catherine – American Educator, 2018
Educators and schools have a responsibility to ensure that young people become engaged and knowledgeable citizens. A recent report on high school civics education nationwide, "The State of Civics Education," finds a wide variation in state requirements and levels of youth engagement. Only nine states and the District of Columbia require…
Descriptors: Civics, Citizenship Education, Educational Practices, State Standards
Ingersoll, Richard M.; Sirinides, Philip; Dougherty, Patrick – American Educator, 2018
Given the prominence of both instructional leadership and teacher leadership in the realms of school reform and policy, not surprisingly, both have also been the focus of extensive empirical research. But there have been limits to this research. It is, for example, unclear which of the many key elements of instructional leadership are more, or…
Descriptors: Teacher Leadership, Teacher Role, Decision Making, Academic Achievement
Kahlenburg, Richard D. – American Educator, 2017
Historically, teachers unions have played a special role in strengthening democratic cultures, and they are urgently called on to do so again. What is needed now more than ever says Kahlenberg, is a "social justice unionism" that goes beyond the narrow self-interest of members in bargaining for better wages and benefits to also engage in…
Descriptors: Social Change, Resistance to Change, Unions, Activism
Finnigan, Kara S.; Daly, Alan J. – American Educator, 2017
In this article, Kara Finnigan and Alan Daly argue that studying churn among central office leaders and school principals can improve retention of high-quality leaders who can better support teachers. Constant churn often means that initiatives barely have the opportunity to get off the ground before a new central office administrator or principal…
Descriptors: Leadership Effectiveness, Trust (Psychology), School Districts, Principals
Dubin, Jennifer – American Educator, 2016
For more than four years, the AFT has guided the efforts of a public-private partnership to bring much-needed resources and services to McDowell County, West Virginia, a geographically isolated area in the heart of Appalachia. Known as Reconnecting McDowell, the initiative has also encouraged a renewed emphasis on improving education by focusing…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Partnerships in Education, Community Schools
Sadler, Philip M.; Sonnert, Gerhard – American Educator, 2016
In this study the authors set out to better understand the relationship between teacher knowledge of science and student learning. The authors administered identical multiple-choice assessment items both to teachers of middle school physical science and to their students throughout the school year. The authors found that teachers who have strong…
Descriptors: Misconceptions, Middle School Students, Science Instruction, Science Achievement
Clark, Richard E.; Kirschner, Paul A.; Sweller, John – American Educator, 2012
Disputes about the impact of instructional guidance during teaching have been ongoing for more than a half century. On one side of this argument are those who believe that all people--novices and experts alike--learn best when provided with instruction that contains unguided or partly guided segments. On the other side are those who believe that…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Problem Based Learning, Discovery Learning, Guidance
Hart, Betty; Risley, Todd R. – American Educator, 2003
By age 3, children from privileged families have heard 30 million more words than children from underprivileged families. Longitudinal data on 42 families examined what accounted for enormous differences in rates of vocabulary growth. Children turned out to be like their parents in stature, activity level, vocabulary resources, and language and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Blacks, Disadvantaged Youth, Early Childhood Education
Wilson, Suzanne M.; Darling-Hammond, Linda; Berry, Barnett – American Educator, 2001
Describes Connecticut's ongoing school reform efforts, which began around 1985. The reform process involves creating, supporting, and revising a coherent set of policies for improving teacher learning that are also aligned with standards for students. Planning includes state department staff in collaboration with teachers and principals. The state…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Cooperative Planning, Educational Change
Moats, Louisa Cook – American Educator, 1995
Reports on a survey of experienced teachers to assess their knowledge of the structure of spoken and written language. Results reveal pervasive conceptual weaknesses in the very skills needed for direct, language-focused reading instruction. The importance of specific linguistic knowledge for instruction is illustrated, and policy changes for…
Descriptors: Educational Needs, Elementary Education, Instructional Improvement, Reading Instruction
Graves, Michael F.; Slater, Wayne H. – American Educator, 1986
Passages from a standard American history textbook were revised by three pairs of writers: text linguists, college composition instructors, and former Time-Life editors. Students who read the magazine writers' rewrite were able to recall about 40 percent more of what they read than students who read only the original. (KH)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, History Textbooks, Literary Styles, Readability
Wells, Amy Stuart – American Educator, 1999
Studied charter schools in California, using case studies and more than 450 interviews with teachers, administrators, parents, and community members. Focused on four assumptions usually made about charter schools to show that these schools are not, for the most part, the highly autonomous, accountable, and efficient schools of choice promised by…
Descriptors: Accountability, Administrators, Case Studies, Charter Schools
Stigler, James W.; Hiebert, James – American Educator, 1998
As part of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), videotapes of classroom instruction were collected from 231 eighth-grade mathematics classrooms in Germany, the United States, and Japan. Findings suggest that written reports about teaching disseminated to teachers may have little effect on classroom practices. (SLD)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational Practices, Foreign Countries, Grade 8
Henning, Joel F.; And Others – American Educator: The Professional Journal of the American Federation of Teachers, 1980
Reports on a study that examined teacher attitudes and behaviors in the community the classroom, and the school. Concludes that teachers, although active in their communities, are reluctant to assume a critical stance in relation to school authorities and tend to pass this lesson in conformity on to their students. (Author/GC)
Descriptors: Activism, Community Involvement, Conformity, Elementary Secondary Education
Schneider, E. Joseph – American Educator: The Professional Journal of the American Federation of Teachers, 1980
The Beginning Teacher Evaluation Study, conducted by Charles Fisher, shows that students achieve more when they spend a relatively large amount of time on tasks that they can perform successfully. Teachers can enhance learning by structuring student time around high success rate tasks. (Author/GC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary Education, Performance, Success
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