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Kahne, Joseph; Bowyer, Benjamin – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
This article investigates youth judgments of the accuracy of truth claims tied to controversial public issues. In an experiment embedded within a nationally representative survey of youth ages 15 to 27 (N = 2,101), youth were asked to judge the accuracy of one of several simulated online posts. Consistent with research on motivated reasoning,…
Descriptors: Democracy, Surveys, Adolescents, Young Adults
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Thomas, Almut E. – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Implicit stereotypes associating science with male might play a role in the development of gender differences in students' motivations for physical science. Particularly, the stereotypes of influential adults may induce students' regulatory foci and subsequently their motivational beliefs. Drawing on expectancy-value theory, this study…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Student Motivation, Science Interests, Physical Sciences
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Arens, A. Katrin; Morin, Alexandre J. S. – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
This study illustrates an integrative psychometric framework to investigate two sources of construct-relevant multidimensionality in answers to the Self-Perception Profile for Children (SPPC). Using a sample of 2,353 German students attending Grades 3 to 6, we contrasted: (a) first-order versus hierarchical and bifactor models to investigate…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Structural Equation Models, Factor Analysis, Error of Measurement
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Archer, Louise; Moote, Julie; Francis, Becky; DeWitt, Jennifer; Yeomans, Lucy – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Female underrepresentation in postcompulsory physics is an ongoing issue for science education research, policy, and practice. In this article, we apply Bourdieusian and Butlerian conceptual lenses to qualitative and quantitative data collected as part of a wider longitudinal study of students' science and career aspirations age 10-16. Drawing on…
Descriptors: Females, Womens Education, Physics, Science Instruction
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MacSwan, Jeff – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Translanguaging is a new term in bilingual education; it supports a heteroglossic language ideology, which views bilingualism as valuable in its own right. Some translanguaging scholars have questioned the existence of discrete languages, further concluding that multilingualism does not exist. I argue that the political use of language names can…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Code Switching (Language), Bilingual Education, Language Usage
Grissom, Jason A.; Kalogrides, Demetra; Loeb, Susanna – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
School performance pressures apply disproportionately to tested grades and subjects. Using longitudinal administrative data--including achievement data from untested grades--and teacher survey data from a large urban district, we examine schools' responses to those pressures in assigning teachers to high-stakes and low-stakes classrooms. We find…
Descriptors: Student Records, Academic Achievement, Teacher Surveys, Tests
Quinn, David M.; Kim, James S. – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
In a common approach for scaling up effective educational practice, schools adopt evidence-based programs to be implemented with fidelity. An alternative approach assumes that programs should be adapted to local contexts. In this randomized trial of a reading intervention, we study a scaffolded sequence of implementation in which schools first…
Descriptors: Program Implementation, Fidelity, Media Adaptation, Educational Practices
Anderson, Eleanor R. – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Asking practitioners to make larger changes to their practice is often thought to lead to lower fidelity of implementation. However, salient differences between ambitious new reforms and teachers' existing practices may also facilitate processes of conceptual change and correspondingly increase fidelity of implementation. I use survey data on the…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Fidelity, Program Implementation, Organizational Change
Buckley, Pamela; Moore, Brooke; Boardman, Alison G.; Arya, Diana J.; Maul, Andrew – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
K-12 intervention studies often include fidelity of implementation (FOI) as a mediating variable, though most do not report the validity of fidelity measures. This article discusses the critical need for validated FOI scales. To illustrate our point, we describe the development and validation of the Implementation Validity Checklist (IVC-R), an…
Descriptors: Intervention, Fidelity, Program Implementation, Test Validity
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Rhodes, Anna; Warkentien, Siri – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Large disparities in educational quality exist between cities and surrounding suburban school districts and are increasing between suburban districts--a trend that emerged over the past several decades and shows signs of growing. Using in-depth interviews, this study examines how children are sorted into different school districts across a…
Descriptors: Suburban Schools, Access to Education, Metropolitan Areas, School Districts
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Frankenberg, Erica – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Student assignment policies (SAPs) in K-12 schools can either reproduce or help ameliorate existing inequality. Some districts are trying to maintain voluntarily adopted integration policies despite the Supreme Court's recent 2007 decision in "Parents Involved," which prohibited most race-conscious school choice policies that were…
Descriptors: Student Placement, School Choice, Elementary Secondary Education, School Segregation
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Wright, Adam; Gottfried, Michael A.; Le, Vi-Nhuan – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Our nation's classrooms have become increasingly racially and ethnically diverse. Given these demographic changes, many policymakers and practitioners have expressed the need for increased attention to how teacher diversity might be linked to reducing racial/ethnic differences in teachers' ratings of social-emotional skills for students of color.…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Kindergarten, Teacher Characteristics
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Kana'iaupuni, Shawn Malia; Ledward, Brandon; Malone, Nolan – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
The framework of cultural advantage calls researchers and leaders to reexamine the structures, paradigms, and practices of effective education. We argue that the moral imperative in this challenge is to critically scrutinize and counter the way education systems perpetuate systematic inequities in opportunities and outcomes afforded to certain…
Descriptors: Guidelines, Outcomes of Education, Poverty, Racial Bias
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Miller, Peter M.; Scanlan, Martin K.; Phillippo, Kate – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Schools throughout the United States apply comprehensive community partnership strategies to address students' in- and out-of-school needs. Drawing from models like the Harlem Children's Zone, Promise Neighborhoods, and full-service community schools, such strategies call for diverse professionals to reach beyond their own organizations to…
Descriptors: Partnerships in Education, Outreach Programs, Models, Qualitative Research
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Garcia, Gina A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
While Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs) enroll at least 25% Latinx students, the perennial question facing HSIs is, "What does it mean for postsecondary institutions to be Latinx-serving"--essentially an organizational identity question. Guided by the extant literature on organizational identity, culture, and institutionalism and…
Descriptors: Institutional Characteristics, Hispanic American Students, Organizational Culture, Classification
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