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Serow, Robert C.; Davies, James J. – American Educational Research Journal, 1982
Equality of educational opportunity within Minimum Competency Testing is analyzed in terms of the distribution of outcomes, availability of remediation, and effectiveness of remediation for Blacks and Whites. (Author)
Descriptors: Black Students, Equal Education, Minimum Competency Testing, Outcomes of Education
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Maruyama, Geoffrey – American Educational Research Journal, 1982
T.W. Elig and I.H. Frieze used a multitrait, multimethod approach to contrast three methods for measuring attributions: unstructured/open-ended, structured/unidimensional, and structured/ipsative. This paper reanalyzed their data using confirmatory factor analysis techniques. (Author/PN)
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Evaluation Methods, Factor Analysis, Individual Differences
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Lysakowski, Richard S.; Walberg, Herbert J. – American Educational Research Journal, 1982
The overall effects of cues, participation, and corrective feedback on classroom learning are estimated. The constancy of effects of these instructional qualities were explored across characteristics of students, and educational and contextual conditions. The results confirm the Dollard-Miller-Carroll-Bloom theory that has evolved during the past…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cues, Elementary Secondary Education, Feedback
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Nelson, F. Howard – American Educational Research Journal, 1982
A three-equation simultaneous regression model was developed with regular education spending, the prevalence of handicapped children, and handicapped spending as endogenous variables. A tentative test of the model was made using recently available data from the Wisconsin special needs assessment survey and supplementary special education aids…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Financial Policy, Mathematical Models
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Benbow, Camilla Persson; Stanley, Julian C. – American Educational Research Journal, 1982
The Study of Mathematically Precocious Youth found large and consistent sex differences in mathematical reasoning ability favoring boys, as reported by Benbow and Stanley (1980, 1981). This investigation studied the development and consequences during junior and senior high school of the sex differences found in seventh grade. (Author/PN)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Followup Studies, Grade 7, Grade Point Average
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Stevens, Robert J.; Slavin, Robert E. – American Educational Research Journal, 1995
The cooperative elementary school model uses cooperation, particularly cooperative learning, as a philosophy for educational change. A 2-year study of the cooperative elementary school model in 2 treatment and 3 comparison schools involving 1,012 students demonstrates positive effects on academic achievement and social relations. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cooperation, Cooperative Learning, Disabilities
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Ross, Steven M.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1995
Processes and outcomes associated with Reading Recovery and Success for All reading instruction programs were studied for first graders in 3 schools (n=184). Reading Recovery strongly benefited tutored students, but Success for All was more beneficial for special education students and untutored students. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Practices, Elementary School Students
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Fuchs, Douglas; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1997
Effectiveness of a classwide peer tutoring program was studied for low achievers with and without learning disabilities and average achievers in 20 elementary school intervention classes and 20 control classes. All types of learners in peer tutoring classrooms demonstrated greater reading progress regardless of which of three measures was used.…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Inclusive Schools
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Schunk, Dale H. – American Educational Research Journal, 1998
Two studies investigated how goals and self-evaluation affect motivation and achievement outcomes. In both studies, fourth-grade students received instruction and practice on fractions over sessions. Students worked under conditions involving either a goal of learning how to solve problems (learning goal) or a goal of merely solving them…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Style, Elementary School Students, Goal Orientation
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