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Duncheon, Julia C.; Relles, Stefani R. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Social capital research has demonstrated the value of relationships and networks to enhance college opportunity for first-generation students. While most work has focused on individual students and their ties, high schools play a critical role in social capital processes by connecting students to external college access organizations and…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, High Schools, School Role, First Generation College Students
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Farrell, Caitlin C.; Coburn, Cynthia E.; Chong, Seenae – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
School district central offices regularly engage with external partners in improvement efforts, but these partnerships are not always productive. Indeed, little is known about under what conditions partnerships are likely to lead to organizational learning outcomes. We conducted a longitudinal comparative case study of two departments in one urban…
Descriptors: School Districts, Partnerships in Education, Urban Schools, Guidance
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Tan, Paulo; Thorius, Kathleen King – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This case study documents a professional learning community (PLC) comprised of urban elementary educators working toward equitable education for students with dis/abilities. We employ an equity-expansive learning frame to evoke and then examine tensions and contradictions that emerged during the PLC and mediated learning as evidenced by…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Mathematics Education, Communities of Practice, Urban Schools
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Bristol, Travis J.; Shirrell, Matthew – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Despite the benefits of educators of color to various outcomes for students of color, large-scale research has not explored these educators' on-the-job interactions with colleagues outside of large urban districts. Using social network analysis, this study examined the work-related social interactions of staff (teachers and administrators) of…
Descriptors: Social Networks, Minority Group Teachers, School Districts, Urban Schools
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Golann, Joanne W.; Debs, Mira; Weiss, Anna Lisa – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
The proliferation of urban "no-excuses" charter schools has been justified by arguing that Black and Latinx parents want strict discipline. In this article, we examine what discipline means to Black and Latinx families at two popular choice options: a no-excuses charter and two public Montessori magnets. We found that parents viewed…
Descriptors: African Americans, African American Students, Hispanic Americans, Hispanic American Students
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Stein, Marc L.; Grigg, Jeffrey A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Transportation is one of many potential obstacles that students might face as they attempt to attend school, but there are few opportunities to identify the unique contribution of transportation to school attendance. We apply models of commuting stress developed for adult commuters to students in an open enrollment school district to examine…
Descriptors: Transportation, Attendance, Barriers, Middle School Students
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Kane, Britnie Delinger; Rosenquist, Brooks – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Whole-school reform models frequently include instructional coaching, yet instructional coaches typically spend relatively little time working with teachers on instruction. Using survey and interview data from district leaders, school administrators, and instructional coaches in one urban school district, this mixed-methods analysis asks how…
Descriptors: Coaching (Performance), Faculty Development, Time Management, School Policy
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Alvear, Sandra A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
The current study analyzes the relationship between elementary school reading achievement and participation in the following language acquisition programs--transitional bilingual, developmental, two-way bilingual immersion, and English immersion. With a focus on the achievement of Spanish-dominant English learners, the study uses multilevel models…
Descriptors: Educational Benefits, Bilingual Education, Urban Schools, School Districts
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Caraballo, Limarys – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Discourses of achievement often overlook the interdependence of classroom contexts, students' identities, and academic performance. This narrative analysis explores how high-achieving students of color construct identities-in-practice in a diverse urban middle school. By documenting explicit moments in which students construct…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Academic Achievement, Classroom Environment, High Achievement
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Nuamah, Sally A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
The link between noncognitive skills and achievement is well established. There is much less evidence on how these skills are developed and transmitted to students, especially as it relates to girls that attend nonelite schools in non-Western settings. Drawing on insights from girl students attending an urban school in Ghana, this paper…
Descriptors: Females, Self Concept, Urban Schools, Academic Achievement
Steele, Jennifer L.; Slater, Robert O.; Zamarro, Gema; Miller, Trey; Li, Jennifer; Burkhauser, Susan; Bacon, Michael – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Using data from seven cohorts of language immersion lottery applicants in a large, urban school district, we estimate the causal effects of immersion programs on students' test scores in reading, mathematics, and science and on English learners' (EL) reclassification. We estimate positive intent-to-treat (ITT) effects on reading performance in…
Descriptors: Immersion Programs, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement
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Superfine, Benjamin Michael; Thompson, Alea R. – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
In "Vergara v. California" (2014), a trial-level court ruled that California laws governing teacher tenure and dismissal were unconstitutional. This study analyzes "Vergara" in light of the shifting use of the courts to promote equal educational opportunities and the changing power bases of educational interest groups,…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Educational Policy, Politics of Education, Educational Change
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D'Amico, Diana – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
In 1968, New York City's unionized teachers participated in three separate strikes that spanned two school years. Teachers clashed with Black parents and activists who called for community control as both groups sought authority and recognition in the schools. Racialized assumptions in place before and extending beyond the labor skirmish infused…
Descriptors: Teacher Rights, Student Rights, Urban Schools, Public Schools
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Anyon, Yolanda; Gregory, Anne; Stone, Susan; Farrar, Jordan; Jenson, Jeffrey M.; McQueen, Jeanette; Downing, Barbara; Greer, Eldridge; Simmons, John – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
A large urban district (N = 90,546 students, n = 180 schools) implemented restorative interventions as a response to school discipline incidents. Findings from multilevel modeling of student discipline records (n = 9,921) revealed that youth from groups that tend to be overrepresented in suspensions and expulsions (e.g., Black, Latino, and Native…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, School Districts, Intervention, Discipline
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Stosich, Elizabeth Leisy – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Recent research on the relationship between standards and teachers' practice suggests that teachers are unlikely to make changes to practice without extensive opportunities for learning about standards with colleagues. This article extends this line of research, using a comparative case study of three high-poverty urban schools to examine the…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Teaching Methods, Comparative Analysis, Case Studies
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